Créer et envoyer une tâche de script de base

Restez organisé à l'aide des collections Enregistrez et classez les contenus selon vos préférences.

Créez et envoyez un exemple de tâche par lot qui exécute une commande simple spécifiée en tant que script. Une fois la tâche envoyée, Batch met automatiquement en file d'attente, planifie et exécute la tâche sur les VM Compute Engine.

En savoir plus

Pour obtenir une documentation détaillée incluant cet exemple de code, consultez la page suivante :

Exemple de code

Go

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API par lot Go.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	batch "cloud.google.com/go/batch/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/batch/apiv1/batchpb"
	durationpb "google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/durationpb"
)

// Creates and runs a job that executes the specified script
func createScriptJob(w io.Writer, projectID, region, jobName string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	// region := "us-central1"
	// jobName := "some-job"

	ctx := context.Background()
	batchClient, err := batch.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer batchClient.Close()

	// Define what will be done as part of the job.
	command := &batchpb.Runnable_Script_Text{
		Text: "echo Hello world! This is task ${BATCH_TASK_INDEX}. This job has a total of ${BATCH_TASK_COUNT} tasks.",
	}
	// You can also run a script from a file. Just remember, that needs to be a script that's
	// already on the VM that will be running the job.
	// Using runnable.script.text and runnable.script.path is mutually exclusive.
	// command := &batchpb.Runnable_Script_Path{
	// 	Path: "/tmp/test.sh",
	// }

	// We can specify what resources are requested by each task.
	resources := &batchpb.ComputeResource{
		// CpuMilli is milliseconds per cpu-second. This means the task requires 2 whole CPUs.
		CpuMilli:  2000,
		MemoryMib: 16,
	}

	taskSpec := &batchpb.TaskSpec{
		Runnables: []*batchpb.Runnable{{
			Executable: &batchpb.Runnable_Script_{
				Script: &batchpb.Runnable_Script{Command: command},
			},
		}},
		ComputeResource: resources,
		MaxRunDuration: &durationpb.Duration{
			Seconds: 3600,
		},
		MaxRetryCount: 2,
	}

	// Tasks are grouped inside a job using TaskGroups.
	taskGroups := []*batchpb.TaskGroup{
		{
			TaskCount: 4,
			TaskSpec:  taskSpec,
		},
	}

	// Policies are used to define on what kind of virtual machines the tasks will run on.
	// In this case, we tell the system to use "e2-standard-4" machine type.
	// Read more about machine types here: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/machine-types
	allocationPolicy := &batchpb.AllocationPolicy{
		Instances: []*batchpb.AllocationPolicy_InstancePolicyOrTemplate{{
			PolicyTemplate: &batchpb.AllocationPolicy_InstancePolicyOrTemplate_Policy{
				Policy: &batchpb.AllocationPolicy_InstancePolicy{
					MachineType: "e2-standard-4",
				},
			},
		}},
	}

	// We use Cloud Logging as it's an out of the box available option
	logsPolicy := &batchpb.LogsPolicy{
		Destination: batchpb.LogsPolicy_CLOUD_LOGGING,
	}

	jobLabels := map[string]string{"env": "testing", "type": "script"}

	// The job's parent is the region in which the job will run
	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, region)

	job := batchpb.Job{
		TaskGroups:       taskGroups,
		AllocationPolicy: allocationPolicy,
		Labels:           jobLabels,
		LogsPolicy:       logsPolicy,
	}

	req := &batchpb.CreateJobRequest{
		Parent: parent,
		JobId:  jobName,
		Job:    &job,
	}

	created_job, err := batchClient.CreateJob(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to create job: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Job created: %v\n", created_job)

	return nil
}

Java

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API par lot Java.


import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.AllocationPolicy;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.AllocationPolicy.InstancePolicy;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.AllocationPolicy.InstancePolicyOrTemplate;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.BatchServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.ComputeResource;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.CreateJobRequest;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.Job;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.LogsPolicy;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.LogsPolicy.Destination;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.Runnable;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.Runnable.Script;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.TaskGroup;
import com.google.cloud.batch.v1.TaskSpec;
import com.google.protobuf.Duration;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class CreateWithScriptNoMounting {

  public static void main(String[] args)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException, TimeoutException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    // Project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
    String projectId = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";

    // Name of the region you want to use to run the job. Regions that are
    // available for Batch are listed on: https://cloud.google.com/batch/docs/get-started#locations
    String region = "europe-central2";

    // The name of the job that will be created.
    // It needs to be unique for each project and region pair.
    String jobName = "JOB_NAME";

    createScriptJob(projectId, region, jobName);
  }

  // This method shows how to create a sample Batch Job that will run
  // a simple command on Cloud Compute instances.
  public static void createScriptJob(String projectId, String region, String jobName)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException, TimeoutException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the `batchServiceClient.close()` method on the client to safely
    // clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (BatchServiceClient batchServiceClient = BatchServiceClient.create()) {

      // Define what will be done as part of the job.
      Runnable runnable =
          Runnable.newBuilder()
              .setScript(
                  Script.newBuilder()
                      .setText(
                          "echo Hello world! This is task ${BATCH_TASK_INDEX}. "
                              + "This job has a total of ${BATCH_TASK_COUNT} tasks.")
                      // You can also run a script from a file. Just remember, that needs to be a
                      // script that's already on the VM that will be running the job.
                      // Using setText() and setPath() is mutually exclusive.
                      // .setPath("/tmp/test.sh")
                      .build())
              .build();

      // We can specify what resources are requested by each task.
      ComputeResource computeResource =
          ComputeResource.newBuilder()
              // In milliseconds per cpu-second. This means the task requires 2 whole CPUs.
              .setCpuMilli(2000)
              // In MiB.
              .setMemoryMib(16)
              .build();

      TaskSpec task =
          TaskSpec.newBuilder()
              // Jobs can be divided into tasks. In this case, we have only one task.
              .addRunnables(runnable)
              .setComputeResource(computeResource)
              .setMaxRetryCount(2)
              .setMaxRunDuration(Duration.newBuilder().setSeconds(3600).build())
              .build();

      // Tasks are grouped inside a job using TaskGroups.
      TaskGroup taskGroup = TaskGroup.newBuilder().setTaskCount(4).setTaskSpec(task).build();

      // Policies are used to define on what kind of virtual machines the tasks will run on.
      // In this case, we tell the system to use "e2-standard-4" machine type.
      // Read more about machine types here: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/machine-types
      InstancePolicy instancePolicy =
          InstancePolicy.newBuilder().setMachineType("e2-standard-4").build();

      AllocationPolicy allocationPolicy =
          AllocationPolicy.newBuilder()
              .addInstances(InstancePolicyOrTemplate.newBuilder().setPolicy(instancePolicy).build())
              .build();

      Job job =
          Job.newBuilder()
              .addTaskGroups(taskGroup)
              .setAllocationPolicy(allocationPolicy)
              .putLabels("env", "testing")
              .putLabels("type", "script")
              // We use Cloud Logging as it's an out of the box available option.
              .setLogsPolicy(
                  LogsPolicy.newBuilder().setDestination(Destination.CLOUD_LOGGING).build())
              .build();

      CreateJobRequest createJobRequest =
          CreateJobRequest.newBuilder()
              // The job's parent is the region in which the job will run.
              .setParent(String.format("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectId, region))
              .setJob(job)
              .setJobId(jobName)
              .build();

      Job result =
          batchServiceClient
              .createJobCallable()
              .futureCall(createJobRequest)
              .get(5, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

      System.out.printf("Successfully created the job: %s", result.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API par lot Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
/**
 * The region you want to the job to run in. The regions that support Batch are listed here:
 * https://cloud.google.com/batch/docs/get-started#locations
 */
// const region = 'us-central-1';
/**
 * The name of the job that will be created.
 * It needs to be unique for each project and region pair.
 */
// const jobName = 'YOUR_JOB_NAME';

// Imports the Batch library
const batchLib = require('@google-cloud/batch');
const batch = batchLib.protos.google.cloud.batch.v1;

// Instantiates a client
const batchClient = new batchLib.v1.BatchServiceClient();

// Define what will be done as part of the job.
const task = new batch.TaskSpec();
const runnable = new batch.Runnable();
runnable.script = new batch.Runnable.Script();
runnable.script.text =
  'echo Hello world! This is task ${BATCH_TASK_INDEX}. This job has a total of ${BATCH_TASK_COUNT} tasks.';
// You can also run a script from a file. Just remember, that needs to be a script that's
// already on the VM that will be running the job. Using runnable.script.text and runnable.script.path is mutually
// exclusive.
// runnable.script.path = '/tmp/test.sh'
task.runnables = [runnable];

// We can specify what resources are requested by each task.
const resources = new batch.ComputeResource();
resources.cpuMilli = 2000; // in milliseconds per cpu-second. This means the task requires 2 whole CPUs.
resources.memoryMib = 16;
task.computeResource = resources;

task.maxRetryCount = 2;
task.maxRunDuration = {seconds: 3600};

// Tasks are grouped inside a job using TaskGroups.
const group = new batch.TaskGroup();
group.taskCount = 4;
group.taskSpec = task;

// Policies are used to define on what kind of virtual machines the tasks will run on.
// In this case, we tell the system to use "e2-standard-4" machine type.
// Read more about machine types here: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/machine-types
const allocationPolicy = new batch.AllocationPolicy();
const policy = new batch.AllocationPolicy.InstancePolicy();
policy.machineType = 'e2-standard-4';
const instances = new batch.AllocationPolicy.InstancePolicyOrTemplate();
instances.policy = policy;
allocationPolicy.instances = [instances];

const job = new batch.Job();
job.name = jobName;
job.taskGroups = [group];
job.allocationPolicy = allocationPolicy;
job.labels = {env: 'testing', type: 'script'};
// We use Cloud Logging as it's an out option available out of the box
job.logsPolicy = new batch.LogsPolicy();
job.logsPolicy.destination = batch.LogsPolicy.Destination.CLOUD_LOGGING;

// The job's parent is the project and region in which the job will run
const parent = `projects/${projectId}/locations/${region}`;

async function callCreateJob() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    parent,
    jobId: jobName,
    job,
  };

  // Run request
  const response = await batchClient.createJob(request);
  console.log(response);
}

callCreateJob();

Python

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API par lot Python.

from google.cloud import batch_v1

def create_script_job(project_id: str, region: str, job_name: str) -> batch_v1.Job:
    """
    This method shows how to create a sample Batch Job that will run
    a simple command on Cloud Compute instances.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        region: name of the region you want to use to run the job. Regions that are
            available for Batch are listed on: https://cloud.google.com/batch/docs/get-started#locations
        job_name: the name of the job that will be created.
            It needs to be unique for each project and region pair.

    Returns:
        A job object representing the job created.
    """
    client = batch_v1.BatchServiceClient()

    # Define what will be done as part of the job.
    task = batch_v1.TaskSpec()
    runnable = batch_v1.Runnable()
    runnable.script = batch_v1.Runnable.Script()
    runnable.script.text = "echo Hello world! This is task ${BATCH_TASK_INDEX}. This job has a total of ${BATCH_TASK_COUNT} tasks."
    # You can also run a script from a file. Just remember, that needs to be a script that's
    # already on the VM that will be running the job. Using runnable.script.text and runnable.script.path is mutually
    # exclusive.
    # runnable.script.path = '/tmp/test.sh'
    task.runnables = [runnable]

    # We can specify what resources are requested by each task.
    resources = batch_v1.ComputeResource()
    resources.cpu_milli = 2000  # in milliseconds per cpu-second. This means the task requires 2 whole CPUs.
    resources.memory_mib = 16
    task.compute_resource = resources

    task.max_retry_count = 2
    task.max_run_duration = "3600s"

    # Tasks are grouped inside a job using TaskGroups.
    # Currently, it's possible to have only one task group.
    group = batch_v1.TaskGroup()
    group.task_count = 4
    group.task_spec = task

    # Policies are used to define on what kind of virtual machines the tasks will run on.
    # In this case, we tell the system to use "e2-standard-4" machine type.
    # Read more about machine types here: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/machine-types
    allocation_policy = batch_v1.AllocationPolicy()
    policy = batch_v1.AllocationPolicy.InstancePolicy()
    policy.machine_type = "e2-standard-4"
    instances = batch_v1.AllocationPolicy.InstancePolicyOrTemplate()
    instances.policy = policy
    allocation_policy.instances = [instances]

    job = batch_v1.Job()
    job.task_groups = [group]
    job.allocation_policy = allocation_policy
    job.labels = {"env": "testing", "type": "script"}
    # We use Cloud Logging as it's an out of the box available option
    job.logs_policy = batch_v1.LogsPolicy()
    job.logs_policy.destination = batch_v1.LogsPolicy.Destination.CLOUD_LOGGING

    create_request = batch_v1.CreateJobRequest()
    create_request.job = job
    create_request.job_id = job_name
    # The job's parent is the region in which the job will run
    create_request.parent = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{region}"

    return client.create_job(create_request)

Étapes suivantes

Pour rechercher et filtrer des exemples de code pour d'autres produits Google Cloud, consultez cet exemple de navigateur.