Detect web annotations in a local file

Perform web annotation detection on a local file.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code sample

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Go API reference documentation.


// detectWeb gets image properties from the Vision API for an image at the given file path.
func detectWeb(w io.Writer, file string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := vision.NewImageAnnotatorClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	f, err := os.Open(file)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer f.Close()

	image, err := vision.NewImageFromReader(f)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	web, err := client.DetectWeb(ctx, image, nil)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Web properties:")
	if len(web.FullMatchingImages) != 0 {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "\tFull image matches:")
		for _, full := range web.FullMatchingImages {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\t%s\n", full.Url)
		}
	}
	if len(web.PagesWithMatchingImages) != 0 {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "\tPages with this image:")
		for _, page := range web.PagesWithMatchingImages {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\t%s\n", page.Url)
		}
	}
	if len(web.WebEntities) != 0 {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "\tEntities:")
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "\t\tEntity\t\tScore\tDescription")
		for _, entity := range web.WebEntities {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\t%-14s\t%-2.4f\t%s\n", entity.EntityId, entity.Score, entity.Description)
		}
	}
	if len(web.BestGuessLabels) != 0 {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "\tBest guess labels:")
		for _, label := range web.BestGuessLabels {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\t%s\n", label.Label)
		}
	}

	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.AnnotateImageRequest;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.AnnotateImageResponse;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.BatchAnnotateImagesResponse;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.Feature;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.Feature.Type;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.Image;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.ImageAnnotatorClient;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.WebDetection;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.WebDetection.WebEntity;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.WebDetection.WebImage;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.WebDetection.WebLabel;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.WebDetection.WebPage;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class DetectWebDetections {

  public static void detectWebDetections() throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String filePath = "path/to/your/image/file.jpg";
    detectWebDetections(filePath);
  }

  // Finds references to the specified image on the web.
  public static void detectWebDetections(String filePath) throws IOException {
    List<AnnotateImageRequest> requests = new ArrayList<>();

    ByteString imgBytes = ByteString.readFrom(new FileInputStream(filePath));

    Image img = Image.newBuilder().setContent(imgBytes).build();
    Feature feat = Feature.newBuilder().setType(Type.WEB_DETECTION).build();
    AnnotateImageRequest request =
        AnnotateImageRequest.newBuilder().addFeatures(feat).setImage(img).build();
    requests.add(request);

    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (ImageAnnotatorClient client = ImageAnnotatorClient.create()) {
      BatchAnnotateImagesResponse response = client.batchAnnotateImages(requests);
      List<AnnotateImageResponse> responses = response.getResponsesList();

      for (AnnotateImageResponse res : responses) {
        if (res.hasError()) {
          System.out.format("Error: %s%n", res.getError().getMessage());
          return;
        }

        // Search the web for usages of the image. You could use these signals later
        // for user input moderation or linking external references.
        // For a full list of available annotations, see http://g.co/cloud/vision/docs
        WebDetection annotation = res.getWebDetection();
        System.out.println("Entity:Id:Score");
        System.out.println("===============");
        for (WebEntity entity : annotation.getWebEntitiesList()) {
          System.out.println(
              entity.getDescription() + " : " + entity.getEntityId() + " : " + entity.getScore());
        }
        for (WebLabel label : annotation.getBestGuessLabelsList()) {
          System.out.format("%nBest guess label: %s", label.getLabel());
        }
        System.out.println("%nPages with matching images: Score%n==");
        for (WebPage page : annotation.getPagesWithMatchingImagesList()) {
          System.out.println(page.getUrl() + " : " + page.getScore());
        }
        System.out.println("%nPages with partially matching images: Score%n==");
        for (WebImage image : annotation.getPartialMatchingImagesList()) {
          System.out.println(image.getUrl() + " : " + image.getScore());
        }
        System.out.println("%nPages with fully matching images: Score%n==");
        for (WebImage image : annotation.getFullMatchingImagesList()) {
          System.out.println(image.getUrl() + " : " + image.getScore());
        }
        System.out.println("%nPages with visually similar images: Score%n==");
        for (WebImage image : annotation.getVisuallySimilarImagesList()) {
          System.out.println(image.getUrl() + " : " + image.getScore());
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Node.js API reference documentation.


// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const vision = require('@google-cloud/vision');

// Creates a client
const client = new vision.ImageAnnotatorClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following line before running the sample.
 */
// const fileName = 'Local image file, e.g. /path/to/image.png';

// Detect similar images on the web to a local file
const [result] = await client.webDetection(fileName);
const webDetection = result.webDetection;
if (webDetection.fullMatchingImages.length) {
  console.log(
    `Full matches found: ${webDetection.fullMatchingImages.length}`
  );
  webDetection.fullMatchingImages.forEach(image => {
    console.log(`  URL: ${image.url}`);
    console.log(`  Score: ${image.score}`);
  });
}

if (webDetection.partialMatchingImages.length) {
  console.log(
    `Partial matches found: ${webDetection.partialMatchingImages.length}`
  );
  webDetection.partialMatchingImages.forEach(image => {
    console.log(`  URL: ${image.url}`);
    console.log(`  Score: ${image.score}`);
  });
}

if (webDetection.webEntities.length) {
  console.log(`Web entities found: ${webDetection.webEntities.length}`);
  webDetection.webEntities.forEach(webEntity => {
    console.log(`  Description: ${webEntity.description}`);
    console.log(`  Score: ${webEntity.score}`);
  });
}

if (webDetection.bestGuessLabels.length) {
  console.log(
    `Best guess labels found: ${webDetection.bestGuessLabels.length}`
  );
  webDetection.bestGuessLabels.forEach(label => {
    console.log(`  Label: ${label.label}`);
  });
}

PHP

Before trying this sample, follow the PHP setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision PHP API reference documentation.

namespace Google\Cloud\Samples\Vision;

use Google\Cloud\Vision\V1\ImageAnnotatorClient;

// $path = 'path/to/your/image.jpg'

function detect_web($path)
{
    $imageAnnotator = new ImageAnnotatorClient();

    # annotate the image
    $image = file_get_contents($path);
    $response = $imageAnnotator->webDetection($image);
    $web = $response->getWebDetection();

    // Print best guess labels
    printf('%d best guess labels found' . PHP_EOL,
        count($web->getBestGuessLabels()));
    foreach ($web->getBestGuessLabels() as $label) {
        printf('Best guess label: %s' . PHP_EOL, $label->getLabel());
    }
    print(PHP_EOL);

    // Print pages with matching images
    printf('%d pages with matching images found' . PHP_EOL,
        count($web->getPagesWithMatchingImages()));
    foreach ($web->getPagesWithMatchingImages() as $page) {
        printf('URL: %s' . PHP_EOL, $page->getUrl());
    }
    print(PHP_EOL);

    // Print full matching images
    printf('%d full matching images found' . PHP_EOL,
        count($web->getFullMatchingImages()));
    foreach ($web->getFullMatchingImages() as $fullMatchingImage) {
        printf('URL: %s' . PHP_EOL, $fullMatchingImage->getUrl());
    }
    print(PHP_EOL);

    // Print partial matching images
    printf('%d partial matching images found' . PHP_EOL,
        count($web->getPartialMatchingImages()));
    foreach ($web->getPartialMatchingImages() as $partialMatchingImage) {
        printf('URL: %s' . PHP_EOL, $partialMatchingImage->getUrl());
    }
    print(PHP_EOL);

    // Print visually similar images
    printf('%d visually similar images found' . PHP_EOL,
        count($web->getVisuallySimilarImages()));
    foreach ($web->getVisuallySimilarImages() as $visuallySimilarImage) {
        printf('URL: %s' . PHP_EOL, $visuallySimilarImage->getUrl());
    }
    print(PHP_EOL);

    // Print web entities
    printf('%d web entities found' . PHP_EOL,
        count($web->getWebEntities()));
    foreach ($web->getWebEntities() as $entity) {
        printf('Description: %s, Score %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $entity->getDescription(),
            $entity->getScore());
    }

    $imageAnnotator->close();
}

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Python API reference documentation.

def detect_web(path):
    """Detects web annotations given an image."""
    from google.cloud import vision
    import io
    client = vision.ImageAnnotatorClient()

    with io.open(path, 'rb') as image_file:
        content = image_file.read()

    image = vision.Image(content=content)

    response = client.web_detection(image=image)
    annotations = response.web_detection

    if annotations.best_guess_labels:
        for label in annotations.best_guess_labels:
            print('\nBest guess label: {}'.format(label.label))

    if annotations.pages_with_matching_images:
        print('\n{} Pages with matching images found:'.format(
            len(annotations.pages_with_matching_images)))

        for page in annotations.pages_with_matching_images:
            print('\n\tPage url   : {}'.format(page.url))

            if page.full_matching_images:
                print('\t{} Full Matches found: '.format(
                       len(page.full_matching_images)))

                for image in page.full_matching_images:
                    print('\t\tImage url  : {}'.format(image.url))

            if page.partial_matching_images:
                print('\t{} Partial Matches found: '.format(
                       len(page.partial_matching_images)))

                for image in page.partial_matching_images:
                    print('\t\tImage url  : {}'.format(image.url))

    if annotations.web_entities:
        print('\n{} Web entities found: '.format(
            len(annotations.web_entities)))

        for entity in annotations.web_entities:
            print('\n\tScore      : {}'.format(entity.score))
            print(u'\tDescription: {}'.format(entity.description))

    if annotations.visually_similar_images:
        print('\n{} visually similar images found:\n'.format(
            len(annotations.visually_similar_images)))

        for image in annotations.visually_similar_images:
            print('\tImage url    : {}'.format(image.url))

    if response.error.message:
        raise Exception(
            '{}\nFor more info on error messages, check: '
            'https://cloud.google.com/apis/design/errors'.format(
                response.error.message))

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