Package google.rpc

Index

Code

The canonical error codes for Google APIs.

Sometimes multiple error codes may apply. Services should return the most specific error code that applies. For example, prefer OUT_OF_RANGE over FAILED_PRECONDITION if both codes apply. Similarly prefer NOT_FOUND or ALREADY_EXISTS over FAILED_PRECONDITION.

Enums
OK

Not an error; returned on success

HTTP Mapping: 200 OK

CANCELLED

The operation was cancelled, typically by the caller.

HTTP Mapping: 499 Client Closed Request

UNKNOWN

Unknown error. For example, this error may be returned when a Status value received from another address space belongs to an error space that is not known in this address space. Also errors raised by APIs that do not return enough error information may be converted to this error.

HTTP Mapping: 500 Internal Server Error

INVALID_ARGUMENT

The client specified an invalid argument. Note that this differs from FAILED_PRECONDITION. INVALID_ARGUMENT indicates arguments that are problematic regardless of the state of the system (e.g., a malformed file name).

HTTP Mapping: 400 Bad Request

DEADLINE_EXCEEDED

The deadline expired before the operation could complete. For operations that change the state of the system, this error may be returned even if the operation has completed successfully. For example, a successful response from a server could have been delayed long enough for the deadline to expire.

HTTP Mapping: 504 Gateway Timeout

NOT_FOUND

Some requested entity (e.g., file or directory) was not found.

Note to server developers: if a request is denied for an entire class of users, such as gradual feature rollout or undocumented whitelist, NOT_FOUND may be used. If a request is denied for some users within a class of users, such as user-based access control, PERMISSION_DENIED must be used.

HTTP Mapping: 404 Not Found

ALREADY_EXISTS

The entity that a client attempted to create (e.g., file or directory) already exists.

HTTP Mapping: 409 Conflict

PERMISSION_DENIED

The caller does not have permission to execute the specified operation. PERMISSION_DENIED must not be used for rejections caused by exhausting some resource (use RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED instead for those errors). PERMISSION_DENIED must not be used if the caller can not be identified (use UNAUTHENTICATED instead for those errors). This error code does not imply the request is valid or the requested entity exists or satisfies other pre-conditions.

HTTP Mapping: 403 Forbidden

UNAUTHENTICATED

The request does not have valid authentication credentials for the operation.

HTTP Mapping: 401 Unauthorized

RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED

Some resource has been exhausted, perhaps a per-user quota, or perhaps the entire file system is out of space.

HTTP Mapping: 429 Too Many Requests

FAILED_PRECONDITION

The operation was rejected because the system is not in a state required for the operation's execution. For example, the directory to be deleted is non-empty, an rmdir operation is applied to a non-directory, etc.

Service implementors can use the following guidelines to decide between FAILED_PRECONDITION, ABORTED, and UNAVAILABLE: (a) Use UNAVAILABLE if the client can retry just the failing call. (b) Use ABORTED if the client should retry at a higher level (e.g., restarting a read-modify-write sequence). (c) Use FAILED_PRECONDITION if the client should not retry until the system state has been explicitly fixed. E.g., if an "rmdir" fails because the directory is non-empty, FAILED_PRECONDITION should be returned since the client should not retry unless the files are deleted from the directory.

HTTP Mapping: 400 Bad Request

ABORTED

The operation was aborted, typically due to a concurrency issue such as a sequencer check failure or transaction abort.

See the guidelines above for deciding between FAILED_PRECONDITION, ABORTED, and UNAVAILABLE.

HTTP Mapping: 409 Conflict

OUT_OF_RANGE

The operation was attempted past the valid range. E.g., seeking or reading past end-of-file.

Unlike INVALID_ARGUMENT, this error indicates a problem that may be fixed if the system state changes. For example, a 32-bit file system will generate INVALID_ARGUMENT if asked to read at an offset that is not in the range [0,2^32-1], but it will generate OUT_OF_RANGE if asked to read from an offset past the current file size.

There is a fair bit of overlap between FAILED_PRECONDITION and OUT_OF_RANGE. We recommend using OUT_OF_RANGE (the more specific error) when it applies so that callers who are iterating through a space can easily look for an OUT_OF_RANGE error to detect when they are done.

HTTP Mapping: 400 Bad Request

UNIMPLEMENTED

The operation is not implemented or is not supported/enabled in this service.

HTTP Mapping: 501 Not Implemented

INTERNAL

Internal errors. This means that some invariants expected by the underlying system have been broken. This error code is reserved for serious errors.

HTTP Mapping: 500 Internal Server Error

UNAVAILABLE

The service is currently unavailable. This is most likely a transient condition, which can be corrected by retrying with a backoff.

See the guidelines above for deciding between FAILED_PRECONDITION, ABORTED, and UNAVAILABLE.

HTTP Mapping: 503 Service Unavailable

DATA_LOSS

Unrecoverable data loss or corruption.

HTTP Mapping: 500 Internal Server Error

Status

The Status type defines a logical error model that is suitable for different programming environments, including REST APIs and RPC APIs. It is used by gRPC. The error model is designed to be:

  • Simple to use and understand for most users
  • Flexible enough to meet unexpected needs

Overview

The Status message contains three pieces of data: error code, error message, and error details. The error code should be an enum value of google.rpc.Code, but it may accept additional error codes if needed. The error message should be a developer-facing English message that helps developers understand and resolve the error. If a localized user-facing error message is needed, put the localized message in the error details or localize it in the client. The optional error details may contain arbitrary information about the error. There is a predefined set of error detail types in the package google.rpc which can be used for common error conditions.

Language mapping

The Status message is the logical representation of the error model, but it is not necessarily the actual wire format. When the Status message is exposed in different client libraries and different wire protocols, it can be mapped differently. For example, it will likely be mapped to some exceptions in Java, but more likely mapped to some error codes in C.

Other uses

The error model and the Status message can be used in a variety of environments, either with or without APIs, to provide a consistent developer experience across different environments.

Example uses of this error model include:

  • Partial errors. If a service needs to return partial errors to the client, it may embed the Status in the normal response to indicate the partial errors.

  • Workflow errors. A typical workflow has multiple steps. Each step may have a Status message for error reporting purpose.

  • Batch operations. If a client uses batch request and batch response, the Status message should be used directly inside batch response, one for each error sub-response.

  • Asynchronous operations. If an API call embeds asynchronous operation results in its response, the status of those operations should be represented directly using the Status message.

  • Logging. If some API errors are stored in logs, the message Status could be used directly after any stripping needed for security/privacy reasons.

Fields
code

int32

The status code, which should be an enum value of google.rpc.Code.

message

string

A developer-facing error message, which should be in English. Any user-facing error message should be localized and sent in the google.rpc.Status.details field, or localized by the client.

details[]

Any

A list of messages that carry the error details. There will be a common set of message types for APIs to use.

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