Detect landmarks

Landmark Detection detects popular natural and man-made structures within an image.

St Basil's Cathedral image
Image credit: Nikolay Vorobyev, Unsplash (annotations added).

Landmark detection requests

Set up your GCP project and authentication

Detect Landmarks in a local image

The Vision API can perform feature detection on a local image file by sending the contents of the image file as a base64 encoded string in the body of your request.

Command-line

To make a landmark detection request using curl from the Linux or MacOS command line, make a POST request to the https://vision.googleapis.com/v1/images:annotate endpoint and specify LANDMARK_DETECTION as the value of features.type, as shown in the following example:

curl -X POST \
-H "Authorization: Bearer "$(gcloud auth application-default print-access-token) \
-H "Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8" \
https://vision.googleapis.com/v1/images:annotate -d "{
  'requests': [
    {
      'image': {
        'content': '/9j/7QBEUGhvdG9zaG9...base64-encoded-image-content...fXNWzvDEeYxxxzj/Coa6Bax//Z'
      },
      'features': [
        {
          'maxResults': 10,
          'type': 'LANDMARK_DETECTION'
        },
      ]
    }
  ]
}"

Response:

{
  "responses": [
    {
      "landmarkAnnotations": [
        {
          "mid": "/m/014lft",
          "description": "Saint Basil's Cathedral",
          "score": 0.7840959,
          "boundingPoly": {
            "vertices": [
              {
                "x": 812,
                "y": 1058
              },
              {
                "x": 2389,
                "y": 1058
              },
              {
                "x": 2389,
                "y": 3052
              },
              {
                "x": 812,
                "y": 3052
              }
            ]
          },
          "locations": [
            {
              "latLng": {
                "latitude": 55.752912,
                "longitude": 37.622315883636475
              }
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API C# API reference documentation .

// Load an image from a local file.
var image = Image.FromFile(filePath);
var client = ImageAnnotatorClient.Create();
var response = client.DetectLandmarks(image);
foreach (var annotation in response)
{
    if (annotation.Description != null)
        Console.WriteLine(annotation.Description);
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Go API reference documentation .

// detectLandmarks gets landmarks from the Vision API for an image at the given file path.
func detectLandmarks(w io.Writer, file string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := vision.NewImageAnnotatorClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	f, err := os.Open(file)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer f.Close()

	image, err := vision.NewImageFromReader(f)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	annotations, err := client.DetectLandmarks(ctx, image, nil, 10)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	if len(annotations) == 0 {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "No landmarks found.")
	} else {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "Landmarks:")
		for _, annotation := range annotations {
			fmt.Fprintln(w, annotation.Description)
		}
	}

	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Java API reference documentation .

public static void detectLandmarks(String filePath, PrintStream out) throws Exception,
    IOException {
  List<AnnotateImageRequest> requests = new ArrayList<>();
  ByteString imgBytes = ByteString.readFrom(new FileInputStream(filePath));

  Image img = Image.newBuilder().setContent(imgBytes).build();
  Feature feat = Feature.newBuilder().setType(Type.LANDMARK_DETECTION).build();
  AnnotateImageRequest request =
      AnnotateImageRequest.newBuilder().addFeatures(feat).setImage(img).build();
  requests.add(request);

  try (ImageAnnotatorClient client = ImageAnnotatorClient.create()) {
    BatchAnnotateImagesResponse response = client.batchAnnotateImages(requests);
    List<AnnotateImageResponse> responses = response.getResponsesList();

    for (AnnotateImageResponse res : responses) {
      if (res.hasError()) {
        out.printf("Error: %s\n", res.getError().getMessage());
        return;
      }

      // For full list of available annotations, see http://g.co/cloud/vision/docs
      for (EntityAnnotation annotation : res.getLandmarkAnnotationsList()) {
        LocationInfo info = annotation.getLocationsList().listIterator().next();
        out.printf("Landmark: %s\n %s\n", annotation.getDescription(), info.getLatLng());
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Node.js API reference documentation .

const vision = require('@google-cloud/vision');

// Creates a client
const client = new vision.ImageAnnotatorClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following line before running the sample.
 */
// const fileName = 'Local image file, e.g. /path/to/image.png';

// Performs landmark detection on the local file
const [result] = await client.landmarkDetection(fileName);
const landmarks = result.landmarkAnnotations;
console.log('Landmarks:');
landmarks.forEach(landmark => console.log(landmark));

PHP

Before trying this sample, follow the PHP setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API PHP API reference documentation .

namespace Google\Cloud\Samples\Vision;

use Google\Cloud\Vision\V1\ImageAnnotatorClient;

// $path = 'path/to/your/image.jpg1'

function detect_landmark($path)
{
    $imageAnnotator = new ImageAnnotatorClient();

    # annotate the image
    $image = file_get_contents($path);
    $response = $imageAnnotator->landmarkDetection($image);
    $landmarks = $response->getLandmarkAnnotations();

    printf('%d landmark found:' . PHP_EOL, count($landmarks));
    foreach ($landmarks as $landmark) {
        print($landmark->getDescription() . PHP_EOL);
    }

    $imageAnnotator->close();
}

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Python API reference documentation .

def detect_landmarks(path):
    """Detects landmarks in the file."""
    from google.cloud import vision
    client = vision.ImageAnnotatorClient()

    with io.open(path, 'rb') as image_file:
        content = image_file.read()

    image = vision.types.Image(content=content)

    response = client.landmark_detection(image=image)
    landmarks = response.landmark_annotations
    print('Landmarks:')

    for landmark in landmarks:
        print(landmark.description)
        for location in landmark.locations:
            lat_lng = location.lat_lng
            print('Latitude {}'.format(lat_lng.latitude))
            print('Longitude {}'.format(lat_lng.longitude))

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Ruby API reference documentation .

# image_path = "Path to local image file, eg. './image.png'"

require "google/cloud/vision"

image_annotator = Google::Cloud::Vision::ImageAnnotator.new

response = image_annotator.landmark_detection image: image_path

response.responses.each do |res|
  res.landmark_annotations.each do |landmark|
    puts landmark.description

    landmark.locations.each do |location|
      puts "#{location.lat_lng.latitude}, #{location.lat_lng.longitude}"
    end
  end
end

Detect Landmarks in a remote image

For your convenience, the Vision API can perform feature detection directly on an image file located in Google Cloud Storage or on the Web without the need to send the contents of the image file in the body of your request.

Command-line

To make a landmark detection request using curl from the Linux or MacOS command line, make a POST request to the https://vision.googleapis.com/v1/images:annotate endpoint and specify LANDMARK_DETECTION as the value of features.type, as shown in the following example:

curl -X POST \
-H "Authorization: Bearer "$(gcloud auth application-default print-access-token) \
-H "Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8" \
https://vision.googleapis.com/v1/images:annotate -d "{
  'requests': [
    {
      'image': {
        'source': {
          'gcsImageUri': 'gs://cloud-samples-data/vision/landmark/st_basils.jpeg'
        }
      },
      'features': [
        {
          'maxResults': 10,
          'type': 'LANDMARK_DETECTION'
        },
      ]
    }
  ]
}"

See the AnnotateImageRequest reference documentation for more information on configuring the request body.

If the request is successful, the server returns a 200 OK HTTP status code and the response in JSON format.

Response:

{
  "responses": [
    {
      "landmarkAnnotations": [
        {
          "mid": "/m/014lft",
          "description": "Saint Basil's Cathedral",
          "score": 0.7840959,
          "boundingPoly": {
            "vertices": [
              {
                "x": 812,
                "y": 1058
              },
              {
                "x": 2389,
                "y": 1058
              },
              {
                "x": 2389,
                "y": 3052
              },
              {
                "x": 812,
                "y": 3052
              }
            ]
          },
          "locations": [
            {
              "latLng": {
                "latitude": 55.752912,
                "longitude": 37.622315883636475
              }
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API C# API reference documentation .

// Specify a Google Cloud Storage uri for the image
// or a publicly accessible HTTP or HTTPS uri.
var image = Image.FromUri(uri);
var client = ImageAnnotatorClient.Create();
var response = client.DetectLandmarks(image);
foreach (var annotation in response)
{
    if (annotation.Description != null)
        Console.WriteLine(annotation.Description);
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Go API reference documentation .

// detectLandmarks gets landmarks from the Vision API for an image at the given file path.
func detectLandmarksURI(w io.Writer, file string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := vision.NewImageAnnotatorClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	image := vision.NewImageFromURI(file)
	annotations, err := client.DetectLandmarks(ctx, image, nil, 10)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	if len(annotations) == 0 {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "No landmarks found.")
	} else {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "Landmarks:")
		for _, annotation := range annotations {
			fmt.Fprintln(w, annotation.Description)
		}
	}

	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Java API reference documentation .

public static void detectLandmarksGcs(String gcsPath, PrintStream out) throws Exception,
    IOException {
  List<AnnotateImageRequest> requests = new ArrayList<>();

  ImageSource imgSource = ImageSource.newBuilder().setGcsImageUri(gcsPath).build();
  Image img = Image.newBuilder().setSource(imgSource).build();
  Feature feat = Feature.newBuilder().setType(Type.LANDMARK_DETECTION).build();
  AnnotateImageRequest request =
      AnnotateImageRequest.newBuilder().addFeatures(feat).setImage(img).build();
  requests.add(request);

  try (ImageAnnotatorClient client = ImageAnnotatorClient.create()) {
    BatchAnnotateImagesResponse response = client.batchAnnotateImages(requests);
    List<AnnotateImageResponse> responses = response.getResponsesList();

    for (AnnotateImageResponse res : responses) {
      if (res.hasError()) {
        out.printf("Error: %s\n", res.getError().getMessage());
        return;
      }

      // For full list of available annotations, see http://g.co/cloud/vision/docs
      for (EntityAnnotation annotation : res.getLandmarkAnnotationsList()) {
        LocationInfo info = annotation.getLocationsList().listIterator().next();
        out.printf("Landmark: %s\n %s\n", annotation.getDescription(), info.getLatLng());
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Node.js API reference documentation .

// Imports the Google Cloud client libraries
const vision = require('@google-cloud/vision');

// Creates a client
const client = new vision.ImageAnnotatorClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const bucketName = 'Bucket where the file resides, e.g. my-bucket';
// const fileName = 'Path to file within bucket, e.g. path/to/image.png';

// Performs landmark detection on the gcs file
const [result] = await client.landmarkDetection(
  `gs://${bucketName}/${fileName}`
);
const landmarks = result.landmarkAnnotations;
console.log('Landmarks:');
landmarks.forEach(landmark => console.log(landmark));

PHP

Before trying this sample, follow the PHP setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API PHP API reference documentation .

namespace Google\Cloud\Samples\Vision;

use Google\Cloud\Vision\V1\ImageAnnotatorClient;

// $path = 'gs://path/to/your/image.jpg'

function detect_landmark_gcs($path)
{
    $imageAnnotator = new ImageAnnotatorClient();

    # annotate the image
    $response = $imageAnnotator->landmarkDetection($path);
    $landmarks = $response->getLandmarkAnnotations();

    printf('%d landmark found:' . PHP_EOL, count($landmarks));
    foreach ($landmarks as $landmark) {
        print($landmark->getDescription() . PHP_EOL);
    }

    $imageAnnotator->close();
}

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Python API reference documentation .

def detect_landmarks_uri(uri):
    """Detects landmarks in the file located in Google Cloud Storage or on the
    Web."""
    from google.cloud import vision
    client = vision.ImageAnnotatorClient()
    image = vision.types.Image()
    image.source.image_uri = uri

    response = client.landmark_detection(image=image)
    landmarks = response.landmark_annotations
    print('Landmarks:')

    for landmark in landmarks:
        print(landmark.description)

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Vision API Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the Vision API Ruby API reference documentation .

# image_path = "Google Cloud Storage URI, eg. 'gs://my-bucket/image.png'"

require "google/cloud/vision"

image_annotator = Google::Cloud::Vision::ImageAnnotator.new

response = image_annotator.landmark_detection image: image_path

response.responses.each do |res|
  res.landmark_annotations.each do |landmark|
    puts landmark.description

    landmark.locations.each do |location|
      puts "#{location.lat_lng.latitude}, #{location.lat_lng.longitude}"
    end
  end
end

PowerShell

To make a landmark detection request using Windows PowerShell, make a POST request to the https://vision.googleapis.com/v1/images:annotate endpoint and specify LANDMARK_DETECTION as the value of features.type, as shown in the following example:

$cred = gcloud auth application-default print-access-token
$headers = @{ Authorization = "Bearer $cred" }

Invoke-WebRequest `
  -Method Post `
  -Headers $headers `
  -ContentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8" `
  -Body "{
      'requests': [
        {
          'image': {
            'source': {
              'imageUri': 'gs://cloud-samples-data/vision/landmark/st_basils.jpeg'
            }
          },
          'features': [
            {
              'type': 'LANDMARK_DETECTION'
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }" `
  -Uri "https://vision.googleapis.com/v1/images:annotate" | Select-Object -Expand Content

See the AnnotateImageRequest reference documentation for more information on configuring the request body.

GCLOUD COMMAND

To perform landmark detection, use the gcloud ml vision detect-landmarks command as shown in the following example:

gcloud ml vision detect-landmarks gs://cloud-samples-data/vision/landmark/st_basils.jpeg

Try it

Try landmark detection below. You can use the image specified already (gs://cloud-samples-data/vision/landmark/st_basils.jpeg) or specify your own image in its place. Send the request by selecting Execute.

St Basil's Cathedral image
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