Text-to-Speech 客户端库

}

本页面介绍了如何开始使用 Text-to-Speech API 的 Cloud 客户端库。如需详细了解 Cloud API 的客户端库(包括更老的 Google API 客户端库),请参阅客户端库说明

安装客户端库

C#

如需了解详情,请参阅设置 C# 开发环境

如果您使用的是 Visual Studio 2017 或更高版本,请打开 nuget 软件包管理器窗口并输入以下内容:

Install-Package Google.Apis

如果您使用 .NET Core 命令行界面工具来安装依赖项,请运行以下命令:

dotnet add package Google.Apis

Go

如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Go 开发环境

go get -u cloud.google.com/go/texttospeech/apiv1

Java

如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Java 开发环境

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>20.7.0</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-texttospeech</artifactId>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

Node.js

如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Node.js 开发环境

npm install --save @google-cloud/text-to-speech

PHP

如需了解详情,请参阅在 Google Cloud 上使用 PHP

composer require google/apiclient

Python

如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Python 开发环境

pip install --upgrade google-cloud-texttospeech

Ruby

如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Ruby 开发环境

gem install google-api-client

设置身份验证

要运行客户端库,必须先通过创建服务帐号并设置环境变量来设置身份验证。完成以下步骤即可设置身份验证。如需了解其他身份验证方法,请参阅 GCP 身份验证文档

Cloud Console

创建服务帐号:

  1. 在 Cloud Console 中,转到创建服务帐号页面。

    转到“创建服务帐号”
  2. 选择一个项目。
  3. 服务帐号名称字段中,输入一个名称。 Cloud Console 会根据此名称填充服务帐号 ID 字段。

    服务帐号说明字段中,输入说明。例如,Service account for quickstart

  4. 点击创建
  5. 点击选择角色字段。

    快速访问下,点击基本,然后点击所有者

  6. 点击继续
  7. 点击完成以完成服务帐号的创建过程。

    不要关闭浏览器窗口。您将在下一步骤中用到它。

创建服务帐号密钥:

  1. 在 Cloud Console 中,点击您创建的服务帐号的电子邮件地址。
  2. 点击密钥
  3. 依次点击添加密钥创建新密钥
  4. 点击创建。JSON 密钥文件将下载到您的计算机上。
  5. 点击关闭

命令行

您可以使用本地机器上的 Cloud SDK 或在 Cloud Shell 中运行以下命令。

  1. 创建服务帐号。将 NAME 替换为服务帐号的名称。

    gcloud iam service-accounts create NAME
  2. 向服务帐号授予权限。将 PROJECT_ID 替换为您的项目 ID。

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID --member="serviceAccount:NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com" --role="roles/owner"
  3. 生成密钥文件。将 FILE_NAME 替换为密钥文件的名称。

    gcloud iam service-accounts keys create FILE_NAME.json --iam-account=NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com

通过设置环境变量 GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS 向应用代码提供身份验证凭据。 此变量仅适用于当前的 Shell 会话,因此,如果您打开新的会话,请重新设置该变量。

Linux 或 macOS

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="KEY_PATH"

KEY_PATH 替换为包含您的服务帐号密钥的 JSON 文件的路径。

例如:

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="/home/user/Downloads/service-account-file.json"

Windows

对于 PowerShell:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="KEY_PATH"

KEY_PATH 替换为包含您的服务帐号密钥的 JSON 文件的路径。

例如:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="C:\Users\username\Downloads\service-account-file.json"

对于命令提示符:

set GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS=KEY_PATH

KEY_PATH 替换为包含您的服务帐号密钥的 JSON 文件的路径。

使用客户端库

以下示例展示了如何使用客户端库。

Go


// Command quickstart generates an audio file with the content "Hello, World!".
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io/ioutil"
	"log"

	texttospeech "cloud.google.com/go/texttospeech/apiv1"
	texttospeechpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/texttospeech/v1"
)

func main() {
	// Instantiates a client.
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := texttospeech.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	// Perform the text-to-speech request on the text input with the selected
	// voice parameters and audio file type.
	req := texttospeechpb.SynthesizeSpeechRequest{
		// Set the text input to be synthesized.
		Input: &texttospeechpb.SynthesisInput{
			InputSource: &texttospeechpb.SynthesisInput_Text{Text: "Hello, World!"},
		},
		// Build the voice request, select the language code ("en-US") and the SSML
		// voice gender ("neutral").
		Voice: &texttospeechpb.VoiceSelectionParams{
			LanguageCode: "en-US",
			SsmlGender:   texttospeechpb.SsmlVoiceGender_NEUTRAL,
		},
		// Select the type of audio file you want returned.
		AudioConfig: &texttospeechpb.AudioConfig{
			AudioEncoding: texttospeechpb.AudioEncoding_MP3,
		},
	}

	resp, err := client.SynthesizeSpeech(ctx, &req)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	// The resp's AudioContent is binary.
	filename := "output.mp3"
	err = ioutil.WriteFile(filename, resp.AudioContent, 0644)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Audio content written to file: %v\n", filename)
}

Java

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
import com.google.cloud.texttospeech.v1.AudioConfig;
import com.google.cloud.texttospeech.v1.AudioEncoding;
import com.google.cloud.texttospeech.v1.SsmlVoiceGender;
import com.google.cloud.texttospeech.v1.SynthesisInput;
import com.google.cloud.texttospeech.v1.SynthesizeSpeechResponse;
import com.google.cloud.texttospeech.v1.TextToSpeechClient;
import com.google.cloud.texttospeech.v1.VoiceSelectionParams;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

/**
 * Google Cloud TextToSpeech API sample application. Example usage: mvn package exec:java
 * -Dexec.mainClass='com.example.texttospeech.QuickstartSample'
 */
public class QuickstartSample {

  /** Demonstrates using the Text-to-Speech API. */
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // Instantiates a client
    try (TextToSpeechClient textToSpeechClient = TextToSpeechClient.create()) {
      // Set the text input to be synthesized
      SynthesisInput input = SynthesisInput.newBuilder().setText("Hello, World!").build();

      // Build the voice request, select the language code ("en-US") and the ssml voice gender
      // ("neutral")
      VoiceSelectionParams voice =
          VoiceSelectionParams.newBuilder()
              .setLanguageCode("en-US")
              .setSsmlGender(SsmlVoiceGender.NEUTRAL)
              .build();

      // Select the type of audio file you want returned
      AudioConfig audioConfig =
          AudioConfig.newBuilder().setAudioEncoding(AudioEncoding.MP3).build();

      // Perform the text-to-speech request on the text input with the selected voice parameters and
      // audio file type
      SynthesizeSpeechResponse response =
          textToSpeechClient.synthesizeSpeech(input, voice, audioConfig);

      // Get the audio contents from the response
      ByteString audioContents = response.getAudioContent();

      // Write the response to the output file.
      try (OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("output.mp3")) {
        out.write(audioContents.toByteArray());
        System.out.println("Audio content written to file \"output.mp3\"");
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const textToSpeech = require('@google-cloud/text-to-speech');

// Import other required libraries
const fs = require('fs');
const util = require('util');
// Creates a client
const client = new textToSpeech.TextToSpeechClient();
async function quickStart() {
  // The text to synthesize
  const text = 'hello, world!';

  // Construct the request
  const request = {
    input: {text: text},
    // Select the language and SSML voice gender (optional)
    voice: {languageCode: 'en-US', ssmlGender: 'NEUTRAL'},
    // select the type of audio encoding
    audioConfig: {audioEncoding: 'MP3'},
  };

  // Performs the text-to-speech request
  const [response] = await client.synthesizeSpeech(request);
  // Write the binary audio content to a local file
  const writeFile = util.promisify(fs.writeFile);
  await writeFile('output.mp3', response.audioContent, 'binary');
  console.log('Audio content written to file: output.mp3');
}
quickStart();

Python

"""Synthesizes speech from the input string of text or ssml.

Note: ssml must be well-formed according to:
    https://www.w3.org/TR/speech-synthesis/
"""
from google.cloud import texttospeech

# Instantiates a client
client = texttospeech.TextToSpeechClient()

# Set the text input to be synthesized
synthesis_input = texttospeech.SynthesisInput(text="Hello, World!")

# Build the voice request, select the language code ("en-US") and the ssml
# voice gender ("neutral")
voice = texttospeech.VoiceSelectionParams(
    language_code="en-US", ssml_gender=texttospeech.SsmlVoiceGender.NEUTRAL
)

# Select the type of audio file you want returned
audio_config = texttospeech.AudioConfig(
    audio_encoding=texttospeech.AudioEncoding.MP3
)

# Perform the text-to-speech request on the text input with the selected
# voice parameters and audio file type
response = client.synthesize_speech(
    input=synthesis_input, voice=voice, audio_config=audio_config
)

# The response's audio_content is binary.
with open("output.mp3", "wb") as out:
    # Write the response to the output file.
    out.write(response.audio_content)
    print('Audio content written to file "output.mp3"')

其他资源