Read Object as a Stream

Read Object as a Stream

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C#

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.IO;

public class DownloadFileSample
{
    public void DownloadFile(
        string bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name",
        string objectName = "my-file-name",
        string localPath = "my-local-path/my-file-name")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.Create();
        using var outputFile = File.OpenWrite(localPath);
        storage.DownloadObject(bucketName, objectName, outputFile);
        Console.WriteLine($"Downloaded {objectName} to {localPath}.");
    }
}

C++

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C++ API reference documentation.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
[](gcs::Client client, std::string const& bucket_name,
   std::string const& object_name) {
  gcs::ObjectReadStream stream = client.ReadObject(bucket_name, object_name);

  int count = 0;
  std::string line;
  while (std::getline(stream, line, '\n')) {
    ++count;
  }

  std::cout << "The object has " << count << " lines\n";
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Go API reference documentation.


import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"io/ioutil"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

// downloadFileIntoMemory downloads an object.
func downloadFileIntoMemory(w io.Writer, bucket, object string) ([]byte, error) {
	// bucket := "bucket-name"
	// object := "object-name"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*50)
	defer cancel()

	rc, err := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object).NewReader(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("Object(%q).NewReader: %v", object, err)
	}
	defer rc.Close()

	data, err := ioutil.ReadAll(rc)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("ioutil.ReadAll: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Blob %v downloaded.\n", object)
	return data, nil
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.ReadChannel;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BlobId;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import com.google.common.io.ByteStreams;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.nio.file.StandardOpenOption;

public class StreamObjectDownload {

  public static void streamObjectDownload(
      String projectId, String bucketName, String objectName, String targetFile)
      throws IOException {
    // The ID of your GCP project
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The ID of your GCS bucket
    // String bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name";

    // The ID of your GCS object
    // String objectName = "your-object-name";

    // The path to the file to download the object to
    // String targetFile = "path/to/your/file";
    Path targetFilePath = Paths.get(targetFile);

    Storage storage = StorageOptions.newBuilder().setProjectId(projectId).build().getService();
    try (ReadChannel reader = storage.reader(BlobId.of(bucketName, objectName));
        FileChannel targetFileChannel =
            FileChannel.open(targetFilePath, StandardOpenOption.WRITE)) {

      ByteStreams.copy(reader, targetFileChannel);

      System.out.println(
          "Downloaded object "
              + objectName
              + " from bucket "
              + bucketName
              + " to "
              + targetFile
              + " using a ReadChannel.");
    }
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The ID of your GCS file
// const fileName = 'your-file-name';

// The filename and file path where you want to download the file
// const destFileName = '/local/path/to/file.txt';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

async function streamFileDownload() {
  // The example below demonstrates how we can reference a remote file, then
  // pipe its contents to a local file.
  // Once the stream is created, the data can be piped anywhere (process, sdout, etc)
  await storage
    .bucket(bucketName)
    .file(fileName)
    .createReadStream() //stream is created
    .pipe(fs.createWriteStream(destFileName))
    .on('finish', () => {
      // The file download is complete
    });

  console.log(
    `gs://${bucketName}/${fileName} downloaded to ${destFileName}.`
  );
}

streamFileDownload().catch(console.error);

PHP

For more information, see the Cloud Storage PHP API reference documentation.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

/**
 * Download an object from Cloud Storage and save it as a local file.
 *
 * @param string $bucketName The name of your Cloud Storage bucket.
 * @param string $objectName The name of your Cloud Storage object.
 * @param string $destination The local destination to save the object.
 */
function download_object($bucketName, $objectName, $destination)
{
    // $bucketName = 'my-bucket';
    // $objectName = 'my-object';
    // $destination = '/path/to/your/file';

    $storage = new StorageClient();
    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);
    $object = $bucket->object($objectName);
    $object->downloadToFile($destination);
    printf(
        'Downloaded gs://%s/%s to %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $bucketName,
        $objectName,
        basename($destination)
    );
}

Python

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Python API reference documentation.

from google.cloud import storage


def download_blob_to_stream(bucket_name, source_blob_name, file_obj):
    """Downloads a blob to a stream or other file-like object."""

    # The ID of your GCS bucket
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"

    # The ID of your GCS object (blob)
    # source_blob_name = "storage-object-name"

    # The stream or file (file-like object) to which the blob will be written
    # import io
    # file_obj = io.BytesIO()

    storage_client = storage.Client()

    bucket = storage_client.bucket(bucket_name)

    # Construct a client-side representation of a blob.
    # Note `Bucket.blob` differs from `Bucket.get_blob` in that it doesn't
    # retrieve metadata from Google Cloud Storage. As we don't use metadata in
    # this example, using `Bucket.blob` is preferred here.
    blob = bucket.blob(source_blob_name)
    blob.download_to_file(file_obj)

    print(f"Downloaded blob {source_blob_name} to file-like object.")

    return file_obj
    # Before reading from file_obj, remember to rewind with file_obj.seek(0).

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Ruby API reference documentation.

# Downloads a blob to a stream or other file-like object.

# The ID of your GCS bucket
# bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

# Name of a file in the Storage bucket
# file_name   = "some_file.txt"

# The stream or file (file-like object) to which the contents will be written
# local_file_obj = StringIO.new

require "google/cloud/storage"

storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new
bucket  = storage.bucket bucket_name
file    = bucket.file file_name

file.download local_file_obj, verify: :none

# rewind the object before starting to read the downloaded contents
local_file_obj.rewind
puts "The full downloaded file contents are: #{local_file_obj.read.inspect}"

What's next

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