Download a public object without credentials

Download an object from a public data set object.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code sample

C#

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.IO;

public class DownloadPublicFileSample
{
    public string DownloadPublicFile(
        string bucketName = "your-bucket-name",
        string objectName = "your-object-name",
        string localPath = "path/to/download/object/to")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.CreateUnauthenticated();

        using var outputFile = File.OpenWrite(localPath);
        storage.DownloadObject(bucketName, objectName, outputFile);

        Console.WriteLine($"Downloaded public file {objectName} from bucket {bucketName} to {localPath}.");
        return localPath;
    }
}

C++

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C++ API reference documentation.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
[](std::string const& bucket_name, std::string const& object_name) {
  // Create a client that does not authenticate with the server.
  auto client = gcs::Client{
      google::cloud::Options{}.set<google::cloud::UnifiedCredentialsOption>(
          google::cloud::MakeInsecureCredentials())};

  // Read an object, the object must have been made public.
  gcs::ObjectReadStream stream = client.ReadObject(bucket_name, object_name);

  int count = 0;
  std::string line;
  while (std::getline(stream, line, '\n')) {
    ++count;
  }
  std::cout << "The object has " << count << " lines\n";
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"io/ioutil"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
	"google.golang.org/api/option"
)

// downloadPublicFile downloads a public object.
func downloadPublicFile(w io.Writer, bucket, object string) ([]byte, error) {
	// bucket := "bucket-name"
	// object := "object-name"
	ctx := context.Background()
	// Create a client that does not authenticate with the server.
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx, option.WithoutAuthentication())
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*50)
	defer cancel()

	rc, err := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object).NewReader(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("Object(%q).NewReader: %v", object, err)
	}
	defer rc.Close()

	data, err := ioutil.ReadAll(rc)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("ioutil.ReadAll: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Blob %v downloaded.\n", object)
	return data, nil
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Java API reference documentation.

import com.google.cloud.storage.Blob;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BlobId;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import java.nio.file.Path;

public class DownloadPublicObject {
  public static void downloadPublicObject(
      String bucketName, String publicObjectName, Path destFilePath) {
    // The name of the bucket to access
    // String bucketName = "my-bucket";

    // The name of the remote public file to download
    // String publicObjectName = "publicfile.txt";

    // The path to which the file should be downloaded
    // Path destFilePath = Paths.get("/local/path/to/file.txt");

    // Instantiate an anonymous Google Cloud Storage client, which can only access public files
    Storage storage = StorageOptions.getUnauthenticatedInstance().getService();

    Blob blob = storage.get(BlobId.of(bucketName, publicObjectName));
    blob.downloadTo(destFilePath);

    System.out.println(
        "Downloaded public object "
            + publicObjectName
            + " from bucket name "
            + bucketName
            + " to "
            + destFilePath);
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The ID of your GCS file
// const srcFilename = 'your-file-name';

// The path to which the file should be downloaded
// const destFileName = '/local/path/to/file.txt';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

async function downloadPublicFile() {
  const options = {
    destination: destFileName,
  };

  // Download public file.
  await storage.bucket(bucketName).file(srcFileName).download(options);

  console.log(
    `Downloaded public file ${srcFileName} from bucket name ${bucketName} to ${destFileName}`
  );
}

downloadPublicFile().catch(console.error);

PHP

For more information, see the Cloud Storage PHP API reference documentation.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

/**
 * Download a public file using anonymous credentials.
 *
 * @param string $bucketName The name of your Cloud Storage bucket.
 * @param string $objectName The name of your Cloud Storage object.
 * @param string $destination The local destination to save the object.
 */
function download_public_file($bucketName, $objectName, $destination)
{
    // $bucketName = 'my-bucket';
    // $objectName = 'my-object';
    // $destination = '/home/admin/downloads/my-object';

    // create a storage client without authentication
    $storage = new StorageClient([
    ]);

    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);
    $object = $bucket->object($objectName);

    // set `shouldSignRequest` to false to force the client to not authenticate.
    // if you do not have any client configuration enabled (i.e. application
    // default credentials), that option can be omitted.
    $object->downloadToFile($destination, [
        'shouldSignRequest' => false,
    ]);

    printf(
        'Downloaded public object %s from bucket %s to %s',
        $objectName,
        $bucketName,
        $destination
    );
}

Python

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Python API reference documentation.

from google.cloud import storage


def download_public_file(bucket_name, source_blob_name, destination_file_name):
    """Downloads a public blob from the bucket."""
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"
    # source_blob_name = "storage-object-name"
    # destination_file_name = "local/path/to/file"

    storage_client = storage.Client.create_anonymous_client()

    bucket = storage_client.bucket(bucket_name)
    blob = bucket.blob(source_blob_name)
    blob.download_to_filename(destination_file_name)

    print(
        "Downloaded public blob {} from bucket {} to {}.".format(
            source_blob_name, bucket.name, destination_file_name
        )
    )

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Ruby API reference documentation.

def download_public_file bucket_name:, file_name:, local_file_path:
  # The name of the bucket to access
  # bucket_name = "my-bucket"

  # The name of the remote public file to download
  # file_name = "publicfile.txt"

  # The path to which the file should be downloaded
  # local_file_path = "/local/path/to/file.txt"

  require "google/cloud/storage"

  storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.anonymous
  bucket  = storage.bucket bucket_name, skip_lookup: true
  file    = bucket.file file_name

  file.download local_file_path

  puts "Downloaded public object #{file.name} from bucket #{bucket} to #{local_file_path}"
end

What's next

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