Bucket Locations

This page explains the concept of bucket location and the different locations where you can create buckets.

Key concepts

  • You specify a location for storing your object data when you create a bucket. There are two types of locations:

    • A regional location is a specific geographic place, such as London.

    • A multi-regional location is a large geographic area, such as the United States, that contains at least two geographic places. These places are a combination of regional locations and additional Google data centers.

  • Some storage classes can only be used in a certain type of location.

    • You must store Regional Storage object data in a regional location, such as us-east1.

    • You must store Multi-Regional Storage object data in a multi-regional location, such as eu.

      Cloud Storage stores individual Multi-Regional Storage object data in at least two separate geographic places within the selected location.

    • You can store Nearline Storage and Coldline Storage object data in either a regional location or a multi-regional location.

      Cloud Storage stores individual Nearline Storage and Coldline Storage object data in single geographic places within the selected location.

  • Cloud Storage stores object data in the selected location in accordance with the Service Specific Terms.

Location considerations

A good location balances latency, availability, and bandwidth costs for data consumers.

  • Use a regional location to help optimize latency, availability, and network bandwidth for data consumers grouped in the same region.

    • Store frequently accessed data, such as data used for analytics, as Regional Storage.

    • Store data typically accessed less than once a month, such as archived data, as Nearline Storage.

    • Store data typically accessed less than once a year, such as backup and disaster recovery data, as Coldline Storage.

  • Use a multi-regional location when you want to serve content to data consumers that are outside of the Google network and distributed across large geographic areas.

    • Store frequently accessed data, or data that needs to be geo-redundant as Multi-Regional Storage.

      Geo-redundant data is redundant across two or more geographic places, 100 or more miles apart. Geo-redundancy occurs asynchronously, but all Cloud Storage is redundant within at least one geographic place as soon as you upload it.

    • Store data typically accessed less than once a month as Nearline Storage.

    • Store data typically accessed less than once a year as Coldline Storage.

  • If you're not sure which location type to use or have no scenario in mind, use a regional location that is convenient or contains the majority of the users of your data.

Compute Engine VM notes

  • Using the Regional Storage class in the same regional location as your Compute Engine VM instances can provide better performance and lower network costs.
  • While you can't specify a Compute Engine zone as a bucket location, all Compute Engine VM instances in zones within a certain regional location have similar performance when accessing buckets in that regional location.

Available locations

The following sections list the Cloud Storage locations available for storing your data.

Regional locations

All regional locations are at least 100 miles apart.

Region Name Region Description
North America
northamerica-northeast1 Montréal
us-central1 Iowa
us-east1 South Carolina
us-east4 Northern Virginia
us-west1 Oregon
us-west2 Los Angeles
South America
southamerica-east1 São Paulo
europe-north1 Finland
europe-west1 Belgium
europe-west2 London
europe-west3 Frankfurt
europe-west4 Netherlands
asia-east1 Taiwan
asia-northeast1 Tokyo
asia-south1 Mumbai
asia-southeast1 Singapore
australia-southeast1 Sydney

Multi-regional locations

Multi-Region Name Multi-Region Description
asia Data centers in Asia
eu Data centers in the European Union1
us Data centers in the United States

1 Object data added to a bucket in the eu multi-region is not stored in the europe-west2 data center.

Alpha locations

  • us-central2— Central United States

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