Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL release notes

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This page documents production updates to Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL. You can check this page for announcements about new or updated features, bug fixes, known issues, and deprecated functionality.

You can see the latest product updates for all of Google Cloud on the Google Cloud page, browse and filter all release notes in the Google Cloud console, or you can programmatically access release notes in BigQuery.

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September 21, 2022

Cloud SQL allows the re-use of an instance name immediately after the instance is deleted. For more information, see the Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL FAQ.

September 15, 2022

Cloud SQL read replicas now follow the maintenance settings for the primary instance, including the maintenance window, rescheduling, and the deny maintenance period. During the maintenance event, Cloud SQL maintains the replicas before maintaining the primary instance. For more information, see How does maintenance affect read replicas?

September 13, 2022

Support for me-west1 (Tel Aviv).

September 12, 2022

Cascading Replicas is now generally available for Cloud SQL. Customers can now configure PostgreSQL and MySQL for Cloud SQL read replicas to have read replicas under them.

August 26, 2022

The following extensions in Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL are generally available:

  • pgRouting. Enhances geospatial processing, through network routing and analysis, for PostGIS.
  • plv8. Provides a procedural language for enabling the use of JavaScript.
  • amcheck. Enables the use of the pg_amcheck application to check for corruption in PostgreSQL databases.

August 15, 2022

By enabling instance deletion protection, you can prevent the accidental removal of Cloud SQL instances. This functionality is generally available.

For more information, see Prevent deletion of an instance.

August 05, 2022

The new Cloud SQL System insights dashboard helps you detect and analyze system performance problems.

July 29, 2022

For PostgreSQL versions 9.6 to 13, the [PostgreSQL version].R20220710.01_00 maintenance version caused a behavior change for configuration parameters: Session-level configuration parameters with dashes (-) cannot be set.

After you check your current maintenance version, you can apply a fix by performing a self-service maintenance update to the latest release.

Please use this table to find the name of the maintenance version to apply, and use that version or the latest version available:

PostgreSQL version Maintenance version
PostgreSQL 9.6 POSTGRES_9_6_24.R20220710.01_02
PostgreSQL 10 POSTGRES_10_21.R20220710.01_02
PostgreSQL 11 POSTGRES_11_16.R20220710.01_02
PostgreSQL 12 POSTGRES_12_11.R20220710.01_02
PostgreSQL 13 POSTGRES_13_7.R20220710.01_02

After you have identified the name of the maintenance version, please upgrade to the target maintenance version, performing the corresponding update of your instances (to the latest maintenance version).

Note that newly created instances automatically use the latest version.

July 25, 2022

The following PostgreSQL minor versions and extension versions are now available:

  • 14.3 is upgraded to 14.4.
  • 13.6 is upgraded to 13.7.
  • 12.10 is upgraded to 12.11.
  • 11.15 is upgraded to 11.16.
  • 10.20 is upgraded to 10.21.

If you use maintenance windows, then you might not yet have these versions. In this case, you'll see the new versions after your maintenance update occurs. To find your maintenance window or to manage maintenance updates, see Find and set maintenance windows.

Added information about checking the LC_COLLATE value for your databases before performing a major version upgrade of the databases for your Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL instance. For more information, refer to the Cloud SQL documentation.

July 11, 2022

You can enable high availability for read replicas. See Disaster recovery for additional information about the use of high-availability replicas in a disaster recovery configuration.

You can create external server replicas with HA enabled.

July 08, 2022

The July maintenance changelog is now available. For more information, use the links at Maintenance changelog.

June 28, 2022

A second June maintenance changelog is now available. For more information, use the links at Maintenance changelog.

The fix to the silent data corruption when using the CREATE INDEX CONCURRENTLY or REINDEX CONCURRENTLY SQL commands in PostgreSQL 14 (BUG #17485) is now available in the self-service maintenance release POSTGRES_14_2.R20220331.02_012 for PostgreSQL 14.2.

After applying the self service maintenance, you can fix any silent data corruption if it already happens using REINDEX CONCURRENTLY SQL command on the specific indexes, or reindexdb client command for your entire instance.

June 23, 2022

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports replication from an external server.

June 14, 2022

For enhanced security with built-in authentication, Cloud SQL now lets you set password policies at the instance level.

June 13, 2022

The following extensions in Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL are generally available:

  • pg_bigm. Enables full text search and allows a two-gram (bigram) index for faster full text search.
  • refint. Enables the checking of foreign key restraints, the referencing table, and the referenced table.
  • decoderbufs. A logical decoder that delivers output data as Protocol Buffers, adapted for Debezium.
  • pg_wait_sample. Collects sampling statistics of wait events, providing wait event data for processes on servers.

Additionally, users with the cloudsqlsuperuser role have full access to the pg_largeobject system catalog.

Cloud SQL enables you to access to the pg_shadow view. You can use the pg_shadow view to work with the properties of roles that are marked as rolcanlogin in the pg_authid catalog.

For more information, see Access to the pg_shadow view.

June 10, 2022

Cloud SQL now supports faster machine type changes, with connectivity dropping to less than 60 seconds. For more information, see Impact of changing instance settings.

June 09, 2022

The June maintenance changelog is now available. For more information, use the links at Maintenance changelog.

June 08, 2022

New maintenance versions are now available through self-service maintenance. See the maintenance changelog to learn more about these new maintenance versions.

An addendum to the May maintenance changelog shows additional security patches. For more information, use the links at Maintenance changelog.

June 07, 2022

Support for us-south1 (Dallas).

May 24, 2022

Support for us-east5 (Columbus).

May 04, 2022

Support for europe-west9 (Paris).

May 02, 2022

New maintenance versions are now available through self-service maintenance. See the maintenance changelog to learn more about these new maintenance versions.

April 28, 2022

The following Cloud SQL recommenders that help you optimize your database costs are now generally available:

April 25, 2022

You can now accept a maintenance update on your instance outside of the normal flow of scheduled maintenance.

While Cloud SQL schedules maintenance updates once every few months to ensure you have the latest maintenance version, you might want to use self-service maintenance if:

  • You need an update sooner than your next scheduled maintenance event.
  • You want to catch up to the latest maintenance version after skipping your most recent scheduled maintenance event.
  • You want to gain more control over when maintenance is applied

Cloud SQL now supports maintenance changelogs. Maintenance changelogs provide information about updates available in new maintenance versions, such as database minor version upgrades and patches for security vulnerabilities. For links to current maintenance changelogs for each major database version, see Cloud SQL maintenance changelogs.

The following PostgreSQL minor versions and extension versions are now available. If you use maintenance windows, you might not yet have these versions. In this case, you will see the new versions after your maintenance update occurs. To find your maintenance window or manage maintenance updates, see Finding and setting maintenance windows.

  • 14.1 is upgraded to 14.2.
  • 13.5 is upgraded to 13.6.
  • 12.9 is upgraded to 12.10.
  • 11.14 is upgraded to 11.15.
  • 10.19 is upgraded to 10.20.

April 20, 2022

Support for europe-west8 region (Milan).

April 12, 2022

Customer-managed encryption key (CMEK) organization policy constraints are now available in Preview.

  • constraints/gcp.restrictNonCmekServices allows you to control which resources require the use of CMEK.
  • constraints/gcp.restrictCmekCryptoKeyProjects allows you to control the projects from which a Cloud KMS key can be used to validate requests.

You can use both constraints together to enforce the use of CMEK from allowed projects.

To learn more, see Customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK) organization policies. To add CMEK organization policies now, see Add Cloud SQL organization policies.

April 11, 2022

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL supports in-place major version upgrades in Preview. You can upgrade your instance's major version to a more recent version. For more information, see Upgrade the database major version in-place.

February 24, 2022

Due to a change in a recent maintenance update, the changes listed in the February 4 Release Notes entry have been applied to some instances but postponed for the others. In the Google Cloud Console, you can determine if the maintenance update was applied. Specifically, on the Instance Overview page, review the instance's operations and logs for an occurrence of a maintenance operation since January 27.

February 23, 2022

If your primary instance uses a private IP address, you can now select an allocated IP range for clones and replicas created from the instance.

February 17, 2022

Cloud SQL now supports the use of tags on instances. Tags are key-value pairs you can apply to your resources, such as a project or a Cloud SQL instance, which are used for fine-grained access control. To learn more, see Access control with Google Cloud tags. To use tags now, see Attach and manage tags on Cloud SQL instances.

February 08, 2022

Cloud SQL supports the max_parallel_maintenance_workers, max_parallel_workers,
max_parallel_workers_per_gather, and max_pred_locks_per_transaction flags:

  • max_parallel_maintenance_workers sets the maximum number of parallel workers that can be started by a single utility command.
  • max_parallel_workers sets the maximum number of workers that the system can support for parallel operations.
  • max_parallel_workers_per_gather sets the maximum number of workers that can be started by a single Gather or Gather Merge node.
  • max_pred_locks_per_transaction controls the average number of object locks allocated for each transaction.

For more information, see Supported flags.

February 07, 2022

Cloud SQL supports the wal_receiver_timeout and wal_sender_timeout flags:

  • The wal_receiver_timeout flag ends replication connections that are inactive for the specified time.
  • The wal_sender_timeout flag, which is for detection by the ending server, ends replication connections that are inactive for the specified time.

For more information, see Supported flags.

February 04, 2022

The following PostgreSQL minor versions and extension versions are now available. If you use maintenance windows, you might not yet have these versions. In this case, you will see the new versions after your maintenance update occurs. To find your maintenance window or manage maintenance updates, see Finding and setting maintenance windows.

  • 14.0 is upgraded to 14.1.
  • 13.4 is upgraded to 13.5.
  • 12.8 is upgraded to 12.9.
  • 11.13 is upgraded to 11.14.
  • 10.18 is upgraded to 10.19.
  • 9.6.23 is upgraded to 9.6.24.

Additionally, the following extensions have been upgraded. For more information about these and other extensions, see PostgreSQL extensions.

  • The pglogical extension is upgraded to 2.4.1.
  • The pgaudit extension is upgraded as follows:

    • For PostgreSQL 14, upgraded to 1.6.1.
    • For PostgreSQL 13, upgraded to 1.5.1.
    • For PostgreSQL 12, upgraded to 1.4.2.
    • For PostgreSQL 11, upgraded to 1.3.3.
    • For PostgreSQL 10, upgraded to 1.2.3.
    • For PostgreSQL 9.6, upgraded to 1.1.4.

February 01, 2022

Query Insights lets you configure the query sampling rate. For information, see Using Query Insights to improve query performance.

January 31, 2022

The Key Access Justifications (KAJ) feature is now generally available in Cloud SQL. You can use KAJ as part of Cloud External Key Manager (EKM). KAJ enables you to view the reason for each Cloud EKM request. Additionally, based on the justification provided, you can automatically approve or deny a request. For related information, see the Overview.

December 16, 2021

You can now see the database minor version when viewing information about an instance. See Database versions and version policies for a list of the latest supported versions.

December 15, 2021

PostgreSQL version 14 is now generally available. To start using PostgreSQL 14, see Create instances.

December 09, 2021

Cloud SQL now limits the rate for backup and restore operations on the data disk. For more information, see Backup rate limitations and Restore rate limitations.

November 19, 2021

The following extensions in Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL are generally available:

  • auto_explain. Enables you to automatically log execution plans of slow statements, for troubleshooting and more. Provides an automated way to perform the functionality of the EXPLAIN command.
  • pg_cron. A cron-based job scheduler, this extension enables cron syntax to schedule commands from a database.
  • pg_hint_plan. Enables you to improve PostgreSQL execution plans using hints, which are simple descriptions in SQL comments.
  • pg_proctab. Enables you to use pg_top with Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL, and generate reports from the operating system process table.

November 16, 2021

Support for southamerica-west1 (Santiago) region.

October 29, 2021

  • The following PostgreSQL minor versions and extension versions are now available. If you use maintenance windows, you might not yet have these versions. In this case, you will see the new versions after your maintenance update occurs. To find your maintenance window or manage maintenance updates, see Finding and setting maintenance windows.
    • 9.6.22 is upgraded to 9.6.23.
    • 10.17 is upgraded to 10.18.
    • 11.12 is upgraded to 11.13.
    • 12.7 is upgraded to 12.8.
    • 13.3 is upgraded to 13.4.
  • The hll extension is upgraded to 2.16.
  • The pglogical extension is upgraded to 2.4.0.
  • The pg_partman extension is upgraded to 4.5.1.
  • The pg_repack extension is upgraded to 1.4.7.

October 26, 2021

Cloud SQL now supports the max_pred_locks_per_page and max_pred_locks_per_relation flags. For information about the Cloud SQL implementation of these flags, see Supported flags.

October 08, 2021

Access Approval is now GA for Cloud SQL. Access Approval enables you to require explicit approval before Google Support may access your database for support purposes.To learn about access approval, see Overview of Access Approval. To set up access approval now, see the Access Approval Quickstart.

September 28, 2021

Cloud SQL supports the preview version of two recommenders that help you optimize your database costs:

When a database instance is nearly out of storage capacity, it's automatically stopped to prevent the loss of information. For more information, see Stopping an instance.

September 14, 2021

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL has enhanced the support for multiline log entries in postgres.log. Before, when a log entry spanned multiple lines, each line was recorded as a separate entry in Cloud Logging. The lines are now recorded as a single entry in Cloud Logging for ease of query and processing.

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports custom formatting controls for CSVs. For more information on how to select custom characters for field delimiters, quotes, escapes, and other characters in admin exports and imports, see our documentation.

September 10, 2021

The Cloud SQL out-of-disk recommender is now generally available. This feature proactively generates recommendations that help you reduce the risk of downtime that might be caused by your instances running out of disk space.

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports the min_wal_size flag. For more information about this flag, see the Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL flags documentation.

August 30, 2021

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL support for pglogical, native logical replication, wal2json and test_decoding is now generally available.

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL support for Automatic IAM database authentication is now generally available. See Automatic IAM database authentication.

August 27, 2021

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports the following flags:

  • huge_pages
  • shared_buffers
  • wal_buffers

For more information about these flags, see the Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL flags documentation.

August 21, 2021

Cloud SQL now supports IAM Conditions.

You can use IAM Conditions to define and enforce conditional, attribute-based access control for Google Cloud resources, including Cloud SQL instances. See Overview of IAM Conditions for more information.

August 17, 2021

Cloud SQL now offers faster maintenance, with connectivity dropping for less than 30 seconds on average.

August 09, 2021

The Cloud SQL Admin API v1 is now generally available. It is and will continue to be compatible with the v1beta4 version. There is no requirement to migrate from v1beta4 to the v1 Admin API.

August 03, 2021

Support for northamerica-northeast2-a,b,c (Toronto) region.

July 29, 2021

  • Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports the following flags:
    • tcp_keepalives_count
    • tcp_keepalives_idle
    • tcp_keepalives_interval

For more information about these flags, see the Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL flags documentation.

July 26, 2021

  • The following PostgreSQL minor versions and extension versions are now available. If you use maintenance windows, you might not yet have these versions. In this case, you will see the new versions once your maintenance update occurs. To find your maintenance window or manage maintenance updates, see Finding and setting maintenance windows.
    • 9.6.21 is upgraded to 9.6.22.
    • 10.16 is upgraded to 10.17.
    • 11.11 is upgraded to 11.12.
    • 12.6 is upgraded to 12.7.
    • 13.2 is upgraded to 13.3.
  • pglogical extension is upgraded to 2.3.4.
  • PostGIS extension is upgraded to 3.0.3 for all PostgreSQL major versions.

June 29, 2021

Support for asia-south2 (Delhi) region.

June 23, 2021

Cloud SQL storage limits are now increased to support up to 64 TB. See Cloud SQL storage limits for more information.

June 21, 2021

Support for australia-southeast2 (Melbourne) region.

June 17, 2021

Query Insights is now supported for read replicas.

June 07, 2021

Cloud SQL now offers faster maintenance, with connectivity dropping for less than 60 seconds on average.

June 04, 2021

Both the Cloud SQL Java Connector and Cloud SQL Python Connector now support IAM Authentication for PostgreSQL.

June 01, 2021

The logical replication and decoding functionality of PostgreSQL is available as a preview. These features enable logical replication workflows and change data capture workflows.

For more information, see Setting up logical replication and decoding.

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports the pg_similarity extension, which provides support for similarity queries in PostgreSQL.

Also, the default value for the database flag autovacuum_vacuum_cost_delay is changed to 2 milliseconds in PostgreSQL 9.6, 10 and 11.

The minor versions for various extensions have also been upgraded:

9.6 10 11 12 13
address_standardizer not avail 2.4.9 2.5.5 3.0.2 3.0.2
hll 2.14 2.14 2.14 2.14 2.14
pg_repack 1.4.6 1.4.6 1.4.6 1.4.6 1.4.6
pgaudit 1.1.3 1.2.3 1.3.2 1.4.1 no change
pglogical 2.3.3 2.3.3 2.3.3 2.3.3 2.3.3
pl/proxy 2.10.0 2.10.0 2.10.0 2.10.0 2.10.0
postgis 2.3.11 2.4.9 2.5.5 3.0.2 3.0.2

May 19, 2021

Cloud SQL supports the preview version of the out-of-disk recommender. This feature proactively generates recommendations that help you reduce the risk of downtime that might be caused by your instances running out of disk space. These recommendations can be applied when a Cloud SQL instance is trending towards the storage limit.

April 23, 2021

The following PostgreSQL minor versions are now available. If you use maintenance windows, you might not yet have the minor version. In this case, you will see the new minor version once your maintenance update occurs. To find your maintenance window or manage maintenance updates, see Finding and setting maintenance windows.

  • 9.6.20 is upgraded to 9.6.21.
  • 10.15 is upgraded to 10.16.
  • 11.10 is upgraded to 11.11.
  • 12.5 is upgraded to 12.6.
  • 13.1 is upgraded to 13.2.

For more information about the content of these minor versions, please see the PostgreSQL release notes.

April 06, 2021

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now lets you use IAM database authentication with the Cloud SQL Auth proxy. The Cloud SQL Auth proxy is able to request and refresh OAuth 2.0 access tokens, ensuring that long-lived processes or applications that rely on connection pooling can have stable connections. To learn more, see Using IAM database authentication with the Cloud SQL Auth proxy.

March 31, 2021

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL flags are now generally available. See supported PostgreSQL flags for more information.

March 24, 2021

March 19, 2021

The following extensions in Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL are generally available:

  • pg_partman. Enables you to create and manage time-based and serial-based table partition sets.
  • pgTAP. Provides a unit testing framework for PostgreSQL, written in PL/pgSQL and PL/SQL.

February 24, 2021

Cloud SQL now offers faster maintenance, with average connectivity loss lasting 90 seconds or less on average. See more about maintenance timelines.

February 22, 2021

The following PostgreSQL minor versions are now available. If you use maintenance windows, you might not yet have the minor version. In this case, you will see the new minor version once your maintenance update occurs. To find your maintenance window or manage maintenance updates, see Finding and setting maintenance windows.

  • PostgreSQL 9.6.19 is upgraded to 9.6.20.
  • PostgreSQL 10.14 is upgraded to 10.15.
  • PostgreSQL 11.9 is upgraded to 11.10.
  • PostgreSQL 12.4 is upgraded to 12.5.
  • PostgreSQL 13 is upgraded to 13.1.

February 10, 2021

The Cloud SQL Admin API v1beta4 is now generally available. The URL for the Admin API will continue to refer to v1beta4 for backward compatibility. To start using the Cloud SQL Admin API now, see Using the Cloud SQL Admin API.

January 28, 2021

Query Insights is now generally available. Query Insights helps you detect, diagnose, and prevent query performance problems for Cloud SQL databases. It provides self-service, intuitive monitoring, and diagnostic information that goes beyond detection to help you to identify the root cause of performance problems.

To learn more, see Improving query performance.

January 19, 2021

Database auditing in Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL is generally available, through the open-source pgAudit extension. Using this extension, you can selectively record and track SQL operations performed against a given database instance.

The pgAudit extension helps you configure many of the logs often required to comply with government, financial, and ISO certifications.

January 13, 2021

Cloud SQL now exposes the metric database/memory/total_usage. This metric provides visibility into the database working set (including buffer cache). You can find this metric in the Metrics explorer within the Monitoring dashboard.

For more information about database/memory/total_usage, see Cloud SQL Metrics.

December 21, 2020

IAM database authentication for Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL is now generally available. To get started using IAM database authentication, see the Overview of Cloud SQL IAM database authentication.

December 17, 2020

Cloud SQL has expanded support for PostgreSQL extensions. Three additional PostgreSQL extensions are now available:

  • dblink
  • ip4r
  • prefix

For additional information, see PostgreSQL extensions.

The following PostgreSQL minor versions have been upgraded:

  • PostgreSQL 9.6.18 is upgraded to 9.6.19.
  • PostgreSQL 10.13 is upgraded to 10.14.
  • PostgreSQL 11.8 is upgraded to 11.9.
  • PostgreSQL 12.3 is upgraded to 12.4.

December 16, 2020

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports the effective_cache_size flag.

November 19, 2020

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports retention settings for automated backups. You can configure retention of your automated backups for shorter or longer periods (1 to 365 days). The default setting remains 7 days.

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now supports retention settings for point-in-time recovery. You have the option of retaining logs, used for point-in-time recovery, for shorter periods (1 to 7 days). The default setting is 7.

November 05, 2020

PostgreSQL version 13 is now generally available. To start using PostgreSQL 13, see Creating instances.

October 12, 2020

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL now offers IAM database authentication to help you better monitor and manage access for users and service accounts to databases. This feature allows users and service accounts to use IAM credentials to log into PostgreSQL instances. To learn more about how IAM database authentication works, see the Overview of Cloud SQL IAM database authentication. To configure an instance, see Configuring instances for IAM database authentication. To create users or service accounts, see Creating and managing users that use IAM database authentication.

Cloud SQL now offers "deny maintenance periods". With deny maintenance periods, you can prevent automatic maintenance from occurring during a specific time period. For example, the end-of-year holiday season is a time of peak load that requires heightened focus on infrastructure stability for many retail businesses. By setting a deny maintenance period from mid-October to mid-January, these businesses can prevent planned upgrades from Cloud SQL during their busiest time of year.

Database auditing in Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL is available through the open-source pgAudit extension. Using this extension, you can selectively record and track SQL operations performed against a given database instance.

The pgAudit extension helps you configure many of the logs often required to comply with government, financial, and ISO certifications.

September 15, 2020

Cloud SQL now offers serverless export. With serverless export, Cloud SQL performs the export from a temporary instance. Offloading the export operation allows databases on the primary instance to continue to serve queries and perform other operations at the usual performance rate.

The following PostgreSQL minor versions have been upgraded:

  • PostgreSQL 9.6.16 is upgraded to 9.6.18.
  • PostgreSQL 10.11 is upgraded to 10.13.
  • PostgreSQL 11.6 is upgraded to 11.8.
  • PostgreSQL 12.1 is upgraded to 12.3.

July 09, 2020

Cloud SQL now supports point-in-time recovery (PITR) for PostgreSQL. Point-in-time recovery helps you recover an instance to a specific point in time. For example, if an error causes a loss of data, you can recover a database to its state before the error occurred.

June 23, 2020

Committed use discounts (CUDs) are now available to purchase for Cloud SQL. CUDs provide discounted prices in exchange for your commitment to use a minimum level of resources for a specified term. With committed use discounts for Cloud SQL, you can earn a deep discount off your cost of use in exchange for committing to continuously use database instances in a particular region for a 1- or 3-year term. See the documentation for more details.

June 08, 2020

Support for asia-southeast2 region (Jakarta).

May 21, 2020

PostgreSQL version 12 is now generally available. To start using PostgreSQL 12, see Creating instances.

May 15, 2020

PostgreSQL 9.6 minor version is upgraded to 9.6.16. PostgreSQL 10 minor version is upgraded to 10.11. PostgreSQL 11 minor version is upgraded to 11.6. PostgreSQL 12 minor version is upgraded to 12.1.

May 11, 2020

Cloud SQL has expanded support for PostgreSQL extensions. Eight additional PostgreSQL extensions are now available:

  • pageinspect
  • pgfincore
  • pg_freespacemap
  • pg_repack
  • pg_visibility
  • PL/Proxy
  • postgres_fdw
  • postgresql-hll

For information about these newly-added extensions, see PostgreSQL extensions.

April 20, 2020

Support for us-west4 region (Las Vegas).

March 27, 2020

PostgreSQL version 12 is now Beta. To start using PostgreSQL 12, see Creating instances.

PostgreSQL version 10 is now generally available. To start using PostgreSQL 10, see Creating instances.

March 24, 2020

Cloud SQL now supports 96-core machine types for MySQL, Postgres, and SQL Server instances. For pricing-related information, see the Pricing page.

March 16, 2020

Cloud SQL now supports read replicas in a different region than that of the primary instance, providing additional protection against regional outages and improving read performance by making replicas available closer to your application. To get started, see Cross-region replicas.

Cloud SQL instances using private IP are now accessible across regions, at the regular cross-region network egress cost.

February 24, 2020

Support for us-west3 region (Salt Lake City).

January 30, 2020

PostgreSQL version 10 is now Beta. To start using PostgreSQL 10, see Creating Instances.

January 24, 2020

Support for asia-northeast3 region (Seoul).

December 17, 2019

Cloud SQL now supports VPC Service Controls, which let you add a service perimeter around the Cloud SQL Admin API and host project for Cloud SQL instances to reduce the risk of data exfiltration. To learn more about using VPC Service Controls with Cloud SQL, see Configuring VPC Service Controls.

December 13, 2019

You can now use Cloud VPN with Cloud SQL. To get started, see Using a VPN with Cloud SQL.

Connection organization policies for Cloud SQL give you the ability to set policies that control access to and from Cloud SQL instances. To learn more about this feature, see Connection organization policies. To use this feature, see Setting organization policies for Cloud SQL.

December 10, 2019

Cloud SQL now offers notifications for upcoming maintenance. See the Overview of maintenance on Cloud SQL instances. To find out how to sign up for notifications and check your instances for upcoming maintenance, see Finding and setting maintenance windows.

November 25, 2019

Cloud SQL now supports Access Transparency. As part of Google's long-term commitment to security and transparency, you can use Access Transparency, which provides you with logs of actions that Google staff have taken when accessing your data. To learn more about Access Transparency, see the Overview of Access Transparency.

November 19, 2019

Cloud SQL now supports customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK). With CMEK, you can encrypt Cloud SQL instances using a key you manage. To learn more about CMEK, see the Overview of customer managed encryption keys (CMEK). To start using CMEK, see Using customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK).

September 27, 2019

PostgreSQL version 11 is now generally available. PostgreSQL 11 is the default version when creating new instances. To start using PostgreSQL 11, see Creating Instances.

June 25, 2019

This release increases the maximum data storage for instances of MySQL (MySQL Second Generation) and PostgreSQL. The maximum data storage is increased from 10,230 GB to 30,720 GB. For Cloud SQL storage limits, see Limits. You can limit your automatic storage increases; see Automatic storage increase limit.

May 24, 2019

Cloud SQL now allows you to specify a location for backups, and to restrict data to a single region. To learn about custom backup locations, see Custom backup locations. To learn how to set a custom location for a backup, see Setting and viewing a custom location for backups.

April 18, 2019

Support for asia-northeast2 region (Osaka, Japan).

April 09, 2019

Cloud SQL now supports PostgreSQL version 11.1 Beta. To start using PostgreSQL 11 Beta, see Creating Instances.

April 03, 2019

Support added for 122 MySQL flags and 96 PostgreSQL flags. See Supported PostgreSQL Flags and Supported MySQL Flags.

March 11, 2019

Support for europe-west6 region (Zürich, Switzerland).

February 13, 2019

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL connection limits are now double when memory is 6 GiB or higher. See the connection limits table for details.

December 06, 2018

GA support for Private IP connectivity.

November 06, 2018

Support for CSV format for PostgreSQL instance imports and exports.

October 01, 2018

Support for asia-east2 region (Hong Kong).

September 01, 2018

Beta support for private IP (private services access) connectivity.

Proxy version 1.12 released.

August 01, 2018

PostGIS extension includes full support for JSON-C.

July 01, 2018

Support for us-west2 region (Los Angeles).

June 01, 2018

Support for connecting from Cloud Functions Beta.

Support for europe-north1 region (Finland).

May 01, 2018

Support for asia-southeast1 region (Singapore).

April 01, 2018

GA support for Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL.

March 01, 2018

Support for europe-west4 region (Netherlands).

February 01, 2018

January 01, 2018

MySQL 5.6 minor version upgraded to 5.6.36.

Support for northamerica-northeast1 region (Montréal).

Connection limits for PostgreSQL instances changed. Learn more.

November 01, 2017

Beta support for the high availability configuration and replication for PostgreSQL instances.

October 01, 2017

Support for asia-south1 region (Mumbai).

Proxy version 1.11 released.

September 01, 2017

Support for 64-core machine types for MySQL instances and 64 cores for PostgreSQL instances.

Support for southamerica-east1 region (São Paulo).

August 01, 2017

Support for europe-west3 region (Frankfurt).

June 01, 2017

Support for labels.

Proxy version 1.10 released.

Support for australia-southeast1 region (Sydney).

Support for europe-west2 region (London).

Support for the following PostgreSQL extensions: btree-gin, btree-gist, chkpass, citext, cube, dict_int, dict_xsyn, earthdistance, intagg, intarray, isn, ltree, pgstattuple, pg_trgm, tablefunc, tsm_system_rows, tsm_system_time, unaccent, uuid-ossp.

May 01, 2017

GA support for Second Generation and PostgreSQL instances in version 157.0.0 of the gcloud command-line tool. The beta version is no longer required for these instances.

Support for us-west1 region (Oregon).

Support for us-east4 region (Northern Virginia).

April 01, 2017

Proxy version 1.09 released.

March 01, 2017

Cloud SQL for PostgreSQL Beta availability.

To provide feedback on the beta release, go to our Cloud SQL user forum.