REST Resource: projects.locations.jobs

Resource: Job

Configuration for a job. The maximum allowed size for a job is 100KB.

JSON representation
{
  "name": string,
  "description": string,
  "schedule": string,
  "timeZone": string,
  "userUpdateTime": string,
  "state": enum (State),
  "status": {
    object (Status)
  },
  "scheduleTime": string,
  "lastAttemptTime": string,
  "retryConfig": {
    object (RetryConfig)
  },
  "attemptDeadline": string,

  // Union field target can be only one of the following:
  "pubsubTarget": {
    object (PubsubTarget)
  },
  "appEngineHttpTarget": {
    object (AppEngineHttpTarget)
  },
  "httpTarget": {
    object (HttpTarget)
  }
  // End of list of possible types for union field target.
}
Fields
name

string

Optionally caller-specified in jobs.create, after which it becomes output only.

The job name. For example: projects/PROJECT_ID/locations/LOCATION_ID/jobs/JOB_ID.

  • PROJECT_ID can contain letters ([A-Za-z]), numbers ([0-9]), hyphens (-), colons (:), or periods (.). For more information, see Identifying projects
  • LOCATION_ID is the canonical ID for the job's location. The list of available locations can be obtained by calling locations.list. For more information, see https://cloud.google.com/about/locations/.
  • JOB_ID can contain only letters ([A-Za-z]), numbers ([0-9]), hyphens (-), or underscores (_). The maximum length is 500 characters.

description

string

Optionally caller-specified in jobs.create or jobs.patch.

A human-readable description for the job. This string must not contain more than 500 characters.

schedule

string

Required, except when used with jobs.patch.

Describes the schedule on which the job will be executed.

The schedule can be either of the following types:

As a general rule, execution n + 1 of a job will not begin until execution n has finished. Cloud Scheduler will never allow two simultaneously outstanding executions. For example, this implies that if the n+1th execution is scheduled to run at 16:00 but the nth execution takes until 16:15, the n+1th execution will not start until 16:15. A scheduled start time will be delayed if the previous execution has not ended when its scheduled time occurs.

If retryCount > 0 and a job attempt fails, the job will be tried a total of retryCount times, with exponential backoff, until the next scheduled start time.

timeZone

string

Specifies the time zone to be used in interpreting schedule. The value of this field must be a time zone name from the tz database.

Note that some time zones include a provision for daylight savings time. The rules for daylight saving time are determined by the chosen tz. For UTC use the string "utc". If a time zone is not specified, the default will be in UTC (also known as GMT).

userUpdateTime

string (Timestamp format)

Output only. The creation time of the job.

A timestamp in RFC3339 UTC "Zulu" format, accurate to nanoseconds. Example: "2014-10-02T15:01:23.045123456Z".

state

enum (State)

Output only. State of the job.

status

object (Status)

Output only. The response from the target for the last attempted execution.

scheduleTime

string (Timestamp format)

Output only. The next time the job is scheduled. Note that this may be a retry of a previously failed attempt or the next execution time according to the schedule.

A timestamp in RFC3339 UTC "Zulu" format, accurate to nanoseconds. Example: "2014-10-02T15:01:23.045123456Z".

lastAttemptTime

string (Timestamp format)

Output only. The time the last job attempt started.

A timestamp in RFC3339 UTC "Zulu" format, accurate to nanoseconds. Example: "2014-10-02T15:01:23.045123456Z".

retryConfig

object (RetryConfig)

Settings that determine the retry behavior.

attemptDeadline

string (Duration format)

The deadline for job attempts. If the request handler does not respond by this deadline then the request is cancelled and the attempt is marked as a DEADLINE_EXCEEDED failure. The failed attempt can be viewed in execution logs. Cloud Scheduler will retry the job according to the RetryConfig.

The allowed duration for this deadline is:

A duration in seconds with up to nine fractional digits, terminated by 's'. Example: "3.5s".

Union field target. Required.

Delivery settings containing destination and parameters. target can be only one of the following:

pubsubTarget

object (PubsubTarget)

Pub/Sub target.

appEngineHttpTarget

object (AppEngineHttpTarget)

App Engine HTTP target.

httpTarget

object (HttpTarget)

HTTP target.

PubsubTarget

Pub/Sub target. The job will be delivered by publishing a message to the given Pub/Sub topic.

JSON representation
{
  "topicName": string,
  "data": string,
  "attributes": {
    string: string,
    ...
  }
}
Fields
topicName

string

Required.

The name of the Cloud Pub/Sub topic to which messages will be published when a job is delivered. The topic name must be in the same format as required by PubSub's PublishRequest.name, for example projects/PROJECT_ID/topics/TOPIC_ID.

The topic must be in the same project as the Cloud Scheduler job.

data

string (bytes format)

The message payload for PubsubMessage.

Pubsub message must contain either non-empty data, or at least one attribute.

A base64-encoded string.

attributes

map (key: string, value: string)

Attributes for PubsubMessage.

Pubsub message must contain either non-empty data, or at least one attribute.

An object containing a list of "key": value pairs. Example: { "name": "wrench", "mass": "1.3kg", "count": "3" }.

AppEngineHttpTarget

App Engine target. The job will be pushed to a job handler by means of an HTTP request via an httpMethod such as HTTP POST, HTTP GET, etc. The job is acknowledged by means of an HTTP response code in the range [200 - 299]. Error 503 is considered an App Engine system error instead of an application error. Requests returning error 503 will be retried regardless of retry configuration and not counted against retry counts. Any other response code, or a failure to receive a response before the deadline, constitutes a failed attempt.

JSON representation
{
  "httpMethod": enum (HttpMethod),
  "appEngineRouting": {
    object (AppEngineRouting)
  },
  "relativeUri": string,
  "headers": {
    string: string,
    ...
  },
  "body": string
}
Fields
httpMethod

enum (HttpMethod)

The HTTP method to use for the request. PATCH and OPTIONS are not permitted.

appEngineRouting

object (AppEngineRouting)

App Engine Routing setting for the job.

relativeUri

string

The relative URI.

The relative URL must begin with "/" and must be a valid HTTP relative URL. It can contain a path, query string arguments, and # fragments. If the relative URL is empty, then the root path "/" will be used. No spaces are allowed, and the maximum length allowed is 2083 characters.

headers

map (key: string, value: string)

HTTP request headers.

This map contains the header field names and values. Headers can be set when the job is created.

Cloud Scheduler sets some headers to default values:

  • User-Agent: By default, this header is "AppEngine-Google; (+http://code.google.com/appengine)". This header can be modified, but Cloud Scheduler will append "AppEngine-Google; (+http://code.google.com/appengine)" to the modified User-Agent.
  • X-CloudScheduler: This header will be set to true.

If the job has an body, Cloud Scheduler sets the following headers:

  • Content-Type: By default, the Content-Type header is set to "application/octet-stream". The default can be overridden by explictly setting Content-Type to a particular media type when the job is created. For example, Content-Type can be set to "application/json".
  • Content-Length: This is computed by Cloud Scheduler. This value is output only. It cannot be changed.

The headers below are output only. They cannot be set or overridden:

  • X-Google-*: For Google internal use only.
  • X-AppEngine-*: For Google internal use only.

In addition, some App Engine headers, which contain job-specific information, are also be sent to the job handler.

An object containing a list of "key": value pairs. Example: { "name": "wrench", "mass": "1.3kg", "count": "3" }.

body

string (bytes format)

Body.

HTTP request body. A request body is allowed only if the HTTP method is POST or PUT. It will result in invalid argument error to set a body on a job with an incompatible HttpMethod.

A base64-encoded string.

HttpMethod

The HTTP method used to execute the job.

Enums
HTTP_METHOD_UNSPECIFIED HTTP method unspecified. Defaults to POST.
POST HTTP POST
GET HTTP GET
HEAD HTTP HEAD
PUT HTTP PUT
DELETE HTTP DELETE
PATCH HTTP PATCH
OPTIONS HTTP OPTIONS

AppEngineRouting

App Engine Routing.

For more information about services, versions, and instances see An Overview of App Engine, Microservices Architecture on Google App Engine, App Engine Standard request routing, and App Engine Flex request routing.

JSON representation
{
  "service": string,
  "version": string,
  "instance": string,
  "host": string
}
Fields
service

string

App service.

By default, the job is sent to the service which is the default service when the job is attempted.

version

string

App version.

By default, the job is sent to the version which is the default version when the job is attempted.

instance

string

App instance.

By default, the job is sent to an instance which is available when the job is attempted.

Requests can only be sent to a specific instance if manual scaling is used in App Engine Standard. App Engine Flex does not support instances. For more information, see App Engine Standard request routing and App Engine Flex request routing.

host

string

Output only. The host that the job is sent to.

For more information about how App Engine requests are routed, see here.

The host is constructed as:

  • host = [application_domain_name]
    | [service] + '.' + [application_domain_name]
    | [version] + '.' + [application_domain_name]
    | [version_dot_service]+ '.' + [application_domain_name]
    | [instance] + '.' + [application_domain_name]
    | [instance_dot_service] + '.' + [application_domain_name]
    | [instance_dot_version] + '.' + [application_domain_name]
    | [instance_dot_version_dot_service] + '.' + [application_domain_name]

  • application_domain_name = The domain name of the app, for example .appspot.com, which is associated with the job's project ID.

  • service = service

  • version = version

  • version_dot_service = version + '.' + service

  • instance = instance

  • instance_dot_service = instance + '.' + service

  • instance_dot_version = instance + '.' + version

  • instance_dot_version_dot_service = instance + '.' + version + '.' + service

If service is empty, then the job will be sent to the service which is the default service when the job is attempted.

If version is empty, then the job will be sent to the version which is the default version when the job is attempted.

If instance is empty, then the job will be sent to an instance which is available when the job is attempted.

If service, version, or instance is invalid, then the job will be sent to the default version of the default service when the job is attempted.

HttpTarget

Http target. The job will be pushed to the job handler by means of an HTTP request via an httpMethod such as HTTP POST, HTTP GET, etc. The job is acknowledged by means of an HTTP response code in the range [200 - 299]. A failure to receive a response constitutes a failed execution. For a redirected request, the response returned by the redirected request is considered.

JSON representation
{
  "uri": string,
  "httpMethod": enum (HttpMethod),
  "headers": {
    string: string,
    ...
  },
  "body": string,

  // Union field authorization_header can be only one of the following:
  "oauthToken": {
    object (OAuthToken)
  },
  "oidcToken": {
    object (OidcToken)
  }
  // End of list of possible types for union field authorization_header.
}
Fields
uri

string

Required.

The full URI path that the request will be sent to. This string must begin with either "http://" or "https://". Some examples of valid values for uri are: http://acme.com and https://acme.com/sales:8080. Cloud Scheduler will encode some characters for safety and compatibility. The maximum allowed URL length is 2083 characters after encoding.

httpMethod

enum (HttpMethod)

Which HTTP method to use for the request.

headers

map (key: string, value: string)

The user can specify HTTP request headers to send with the job's HTTP request. This map contains the header field names and values. Repeated headers are not supported, but a header value can contain commas. These headers represent a subset of the headers that will accompany the job's HTTP request. Some HTTP request headers will be ignored or replaced. A partial list of headers that will be ignored or replaced is below: - Host: This will be computed by Cloud Scheduler and derived from uri. * Content-Length: This will be computed by Cloud Scheduler. * User-Agent: This will be set to "Google-Cloud-Scheduler". * X-Google-*: Google internal use only. * X-AppEngine-*: Google internal use only.

The total size of headers must be less than 80KB.

An object containing a list of "key": value pairs. Example: { "name": "wrench", "mass": "1.3kg", "count": "3" }.

body

string (bytes format)

HTTP request body. A request body is allowed only if the HTTP method is POST, PUT, or PATCH. It is an error to set body on a job with an incompatible HttpMethod.

A base64-encoded string.

Union field authorization_header. The mode for generating an Authorization header for HTTP requests.

If specified, all Authorization headers in the HttpTarget.headers field will be overridden. authorization_header can be only one of the following:

oauthToken

object (OAuthToken)

If specified, an OAuth token will be generated and attached as an Authorization header in the HTTP request.

This type of authorization should be used when sending requests to a GCP endpoint.

oidcToken

object (OidcToken)

If specified, an OIDC token will be generated and attached as an Authorization header in the HTTP request.

This type of authorization should be used when sending requests to third party endpoints or Cloud Run.

OAuthToken

Contains information needed for generating an OAuth token. This type of authorization should be used when sending requests to a GCP endpoint.

JSON representation
{
  "serviceAccountEmail": string,
  "scope": string
}
Fields
serviceAccountEmail

string

Service account email to be used for generating OAuth token. The service account must be within the same project as the job. The caller must have iam.serviceAccounts.actAs permission for the service account.

scope

string

OAuth scope to be used for generating OAuth access token. If not specified, "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform" will be used.

OidcToken

Contains information needed for generating an OpenID Connect token. This type of authorization should be used when sending requests to third party endpoints or Cloud Run.

JSON representation
{
  "serviceAccountEmail": string,
  "audience": string
}
Fields
serviceAccountEmail

string

Service account email to be used for generating OIDC token. The service account must be within the same project as the job. The caller must have iam.serviceAccounts.actAs permission for the service account.

audience

string

Audience to be used when generating OIDC token. If not specified, the URI specified in target will be used.

State

State of the job.

Enums
STATE_UNSPECIFIED Unspecified state.
ENABLED The job is executing normally.
PAUSED The job is paused by the user. It will not execute. A user can intentionally pause the job using PauseJobRequest.
DISABLED The job is disabled by the system due to error. The user cannot directly set a job to be disabled.
UPDATE_FAILED The job state resulting from a failed CloudScheduler.UpdateJob operation. To recover a job from this state, retry CloudScheduler.UpdateJob until a successful response is received.

RetryConfig

Settings that determine the retry behavior.

By default, if a job does not complete successfully (meaning that an acknowledgement is not received from the handler, then it will be retried with exponential backoff according to the settings in RetryConfig.

JSON representation
{
  "retryCount": number,
  "maxRetryDuration": string,
  "minBackoffDuration": string,
  "maxBackoffDuration": string,
  "maxDoublings": number
}
Fields
retryCount

number

The number of attempts that the system will make to run a job using the exponential backoff procedure described by maxDoublings.

The default value of retryCount is zero.

If retryCount is zero, a job attempt will not be retried if it fails. Instead the Cloud Scheduler system will wait for the next scheduled execution time.

If retryCount is set to a non-zero number then Cloud Scheduler will retry failed attempts, using exponential backoff, retryCount times, or until the next scheduled execution time, whichever comes first.

Values greater than 5 and negative values are not allowed.

maxRetryDuration

string (Duration format)

The time limit for retrying a failed job, measured from time when an execution was first attempted. If specified with retryCount, the job will be retried until both limits are reached.

The default value for maxRetryDuration is zero, which means retry duration is unlimited.

A duration in seconds with up to nine fractional digits, terminated by 's'. Example: "3.5s".

minBackoffDuration

string (Duration format)

The minimum amount of time to wait before retrying a job after it fails.

The default value of this field is 5 seconds.

A duration in seconds with up to nine fractional digits, terminated by 's'. Example: "3.5s".

maxBackoffDuration

string (Duration format)

The maximum amount of time to wait before retrying a job after it fails.

The default value of this field is 1 hour.

A duration in seconds with up to nine fractional digits, terminated by 's'. Example: "3.5s".

maxDoublings

number

The time between retries will double maxDoublings times.

A job's retry interval starts at minBackoffDuration, then doubles maxDoublings times, then increases linearly, and finally retries retries at intervals of maxBackoffDuration up to retryCount times.

For example, if minBackoffDuration is 10s, maxBackoffDuration is 300s, and maxDoublings is 3, then the a job will first be retried in 10s. The retry interval will double three times, and then increase linearly by 2^3 * 10s. Finally, the job will retry at intervals of maxBackoffDuration until the job has been attempted retryCount times. Thus, the requests will retry at 10s, 20s, 40s, 80s, 160s, 240s, 300s, 300s, ....

The default value of this field is 5.

Methods

create

Creates a job.

delete

Deletes a job.

get

Gets a job.

list

Lists jobs.

patch

Updates a job.

pause

Pauses a job.

resume

Resume a job.

run

Forces a job to run now.
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