This quickstart shows you how to create a small App Engine app that displays a short message.
Before you begin
Before running and deploying this quickstart, install the Cloud SDK and then set up a Google Cloud project for App Engine:
Download and install Cloud SDK:
gcloud components update
Create a new project:
gcloud projects create [YOUR_PROJECT_ID] --set-as-default
Verify the project was created:
gcloud projects describe [YOUR_PROJECT_ID]
You see project details that might look like the following:
createTime: year-month-hour lifecycleState: ACTIVE name: project-name parent: id: '433637338589' type: organization projectId: project-name-id projectNumber: 499227785679
Initialize your App Engine app with your project and choose its region:
gcloud app create --project=[YOUR_PROJECT_ID]
When prompted, select the region where you want your App Engine application located.
Make sure billing is enabled for your project. A billing account needs to be linked to your project in order for the application to be deployed to App Engine.
Your flexible environment deployment will incur costs while it is active. Clean up your project when you are finished to avoid ongoing costs.
Install the following prerequisites:
App Engine locations
App Engine is regional, which means the infrastructure that runs your apps is located in a specific region and is managed by Google to be redundantly available across all the zones within that region.
Meeting your latency, availability, or durability requirements are primary factors for selecting the region where your apps are run. You can generally select the region nearest to your app's users but you should consider the location of the other Google Cloud products and services that are used by your app. Using services across multiple locations can affect your app's latency as well as pricing.
App Engine is available in the following regions:
You cannot change an app's region after you set it.
If you already created an App Engine application, you can view the
region by running the
gcloud app describe command or opening the
App Engine Dashboard in the Cloud Console.
The region of your App Engine application is listed under
Download the Hello World app
We've created a simple Hello World app for Ruby so you can quickly get a feel for deploying an app to the Google Cloud.
Clone the Hello World sample app repository to your local machine.
git clone https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/ruby-docs-samples
Alternatively, you can download the sample as a zip file and extract it.
Change to the directory that contains the sample code.
Run Hello World on your local machine
This example uses Bundler to run the Hello World app on your local computer:
If you don't already have the Ruby programming language installed, download and install Ruby.
gem install bundler
Install dependencies for this project:
Start a local web server.
bundle exec ruby app.rb -p 8080
In your web browser, enter:
The Hello World message from the sample app displays on the page. In your terminal window, press Ctrl+C to exit the web server.
Deploy and run Hello World on App EngineTo deploy your app to the App Engine flexible environment:
Deploy the Hello World app by running the following command from the
gcloud app deploy
Learn about the optional flags.
--versionflag to specify an ID that uniquely identifies that version of your app, otherwise one is generated for you. Example:
--projectflag to specify an alternate Google Cloud project ID to what you initialized as the default in the
gcloud app deploy --version pre-prod-5 --project my-sample-app
- Include the
Launch your browser to view the app at
gcloud app browsewhere
YOUR_PROJECT_IDrepresents your Google Cloud project ID.
This time, the page that displays the Hello World message is delivered by a web server running on an App Engine instance.
Congratulations! You've deployed your first Ruby app to App Engine flexible environment!
See the following sections for information about cleaning up as well as links to possible next steps that you can take.
To avoid incurring charges, you can delete your Google Cloud project to stop billing for all the resources used within that project.
- In the Cloud Console, go to the Manage resources page.
- In the project list, select the project you want to delete and click Delete delete.
- In the dialog, type the project ID, and then click Shut down to delete the project.
What's nextNow that you've completed Hello World, you can start exploring your next sample app: the Bookshelf app. The Bookshelf app is a more complete Ruby web app that uses multiple Google Cloud features, such as data storage, authentication, logging, pub/sub, and more.
For more information about the App Engine flexible environment, see App Engine flexible environment.
Hello World code review
Hello World is the simplest possible App Engine app, as it contains only one service, has only one version, and all of the code is located within the app's root directory. This section describes each of the app files in detail.
The Hello World app is a basic one-file Sinatra app:
require "sinatra" get "/" do "Hello world!" end
file describes an app's deployment configuration:
runtime: ruby env: flex entrypoint: bundle exec ruby app.rb # This sample incurs costs to run on the App Engine flexible environment. # The settings below are to reduce costs during testing and are not appropriate # for production use. For more information, see: # https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/flexible/ruby/configuring-your-app-with-app-yaml manual_scaling: instances: 1 resources: cpu: 1 memory_gb: 0.5 disk_size_gb: 10
app.yaml specifies the runtime used by
the app, and sets
env: flex, specifying that the app
For more information on how the Ruby runtime works, see The Ruby runtime.
For more details about how to design your app to take advantage of versions and services, see An overview of App Engine.
For more details about the configuration settings for App Engine, see Configuring your app with app.yaml.
source "https://rubygems.org" gem "sinatra"