Recibir mensajes del tipo de esquema de Avro

Recibe un mensaje del tipo de esquema de Avro, convierte los datos de los mensajes en un objeto de una clase de Avro generada y confirma el mensaje.

Páginas de documentación que incluyen esta muestra de código

Para ver la muestra de código usada en contexto, consulta la siguiente documentación:

Muestra de código

C#

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para C# que se encuentran en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para C#.


using Avro.IO;
using Avro.Specific;
using Google.Api.Gax;
using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class PullAvroMessagesAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<int> PullAvroMessagesAsync(string projectId, string subscriptionId, bool acknowledge)
    {
        SubscriptionName subscriptionName = SubscriptionName.FromProjectSubscription(projectId, subscriptionId);
        int messageCount = 0;
        SubscriberClient subscriber = await SubscriberClient.CreateAsync(subscriptionName,
            settings: new SubscriberClient.Settings()
            {
                AckExtensionWindow = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4),
                AckDeadline = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10),
                FlowControlSettings = new FlowControlSettings(maxOutstandingElementCount: 100, maxOutstandingByteCount: 10240)
            });
        // SubscriberClient runs your message handle function on multiple
        // threads to maximize throughput.
        Task startTask = subscriber.StartAsync((PubsubMessage message, CancellationToken cancel) =>
        {
            string encoding = message.Attributes["googclient_schemaencoding"];
            AvroUtilities.State state = new AvroUtilities.State();
            switch (encoding)
            {
                case "BINARY":
                    using (var ms = new MemoryStream(message.Data.ToByteArray()))
                    {
                        var decoder = new BinaryDecoder(ms);
                        var reader = new SpecificDefaultReader(state.Schema, state.Schema);
                        reader.Read<AvroUtilities.State>(state, decoder);
                    }
                    break;
                case "JSON":
                    state = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<AvroUtilities.State>(message.Data.ToStringUtf8());
                    break;
                default:
                    Console.WriteLine($"Encoding not provided in message.");
                    break;
            }
            Console.WriteLine($"Message {message.MessageId}: {state}");
            Interlocked.Increment(ref messageCount);
            return Task.FromResult(acknowledge ? SubscriberClient.Reply.Ack : SubscriberClient.Reply.Nack);
        });
        // Run for 5 seconds.
        await Task.Delay(5000);
        await subscriber.StopAsync(CancellationToken.None);
        // Lets make sure that the start task finished successfully after the call to stop.
        await startTask;
        return messageCount;
    }
}

C++

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para C++ que se encuentran en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre bibliotecas cliente. Si deseas obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para C++.

namespace pubsub = ::google::cloud::pubsub;
using ::google::cloud::future;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
return [](pubsub::Subscriber subscriber) {
  auto session = subscriber.Subscribe(
      [](pubsub::Message const& m, pubsub::AckHandler h) {
        std::cout << "Message contents: " << m.data() << "\n";
        std::move(h).ack();
      });
  return session;
}

Comienza a usarlo

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Go que se encuentran en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para Go.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"io/ioutil"
	"sync"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"github.com/linkedin/goavro/v2"
)

func subscribeWithAvroSchema(w io.Writer, projectID, subID, avscFile string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	// avscFile = "path/to/an/avro/schema/file(.avsc)/formatted/in/json"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsub.NewClient: %v", err)
	}

	avroSchema, err := ioutil.ReadFile(avscFile)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("ioutil.ReadFile err: %v", err)
	}
	codec, err := goavro.NewCodec(string(avroSchema))
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("goavro.NewCodec err: %v", err)
	}

	sub := client.Subscription(subID)
	ctx2, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 10*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	var mu sync.Mutex
	sub.Receive(ctx2, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		mu.Lock()
		defer mu.Unlock()
		encoding := msg.Attributes["googclient_schemaencoding"]

		if encoding == "BINARY" {
			data, _, err := codec.NativeFromBinary(msg.Data)
			if err != nil {
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "codec.NativeFromBinary err: %v", err)
				return
			}
			fmt.Printf("Received a binary-encoded message:\n%#v", data)
		} else if encoding == "JSON" {
			data, _, err := codec.NativeFromTextual(msg.Data)
			if err != nil {
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "codec.NativeFromTextual err: %v", err)
				return
			}
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Received a JSON-encoded message:\n%#v", data)
		} else {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "invalid encoding: %s", encoding)
			return
		}
		msg.Ack()
	})
	return nil
}

Java

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Java que se encuentran en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para Java.


import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Subscriber;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;
import org.apache.avro.io.Decoder;
import org.apache.avro.io.DecoderFactory;
import org.apache.avro.specific.SpecificDatumReader;
import utilities.State;

public class SubscribeWithAvroSchemaExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    // Use an existing subscription.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";

    subscribeWithAvroSchemaExample(projectId, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void subscribeWithAvroSchemaExample(String projectId, String subscriptionId) {

    ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
        ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);

    // Prepare a reader for the encoded Avro records.
    SpecificDatumReader<State> reader = new SpecificDatumReader<>(State.getClassSchema());

    // Instantiate an asynchronous message receiver.
    MessageReceiver receiver =
        (PubsubMessage message, AckReplyConsumer consumer) -> {
          ByteString data = message.getData();

          // Get the schema encoding type.
          String encoding = message.getAttributesMap().get("googclient_schemaencoding");

          // Send the message data to a byte[] input stream.
          InputStream inputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(data.toByteArray());

          Decoder decoder = null;

          // Prepare an appropriate decoder for the message data in the input stream
          // based on the schema encoding type.
          block:
          try {
            switch (encoding) {
              case "BINARY":
                decoder = DecoderFactory.get().directBinaryDecoder(inputStream, /*reuse=*/ null);
                System.out.println("Receiving a binary-encoded message:");
                break;
              case "JSON":
                decoder = DecoderFactory.get().jsonDecoder(State.getClassSchema(), inputStream);
                System.out.println("Receiving a JSON-encoded message:");
                break;
              default:
                break block;
            }

            // Obtain an object of the generated Avro class using the decoder.
            State state = reader.read(null, decoder);
            System.out.println(state.getName() + " is abbreviated as " + state.getPostAbbr());

          } catch (IOException e) {
            System.err.println(e);
          }

          // Ack the message.
          consumer.ack();
        };

    Subscriber subscriber = null;
    try {
      subscriber = Subscriber.newBuilder(subscriptionName, receiver).build();
      subscriber.startAsync().awaitRunning();
      System.out.printf("Listening for messages on %s:\n", subscriptionName.toString());
      subscriber.awaitTerminated(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    } catch (TimeoutException timeoutException) {
      subscriber.stopAsync();
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Node.js que se encuentran en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const subscriptionName = 'YOUR_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME';
// const timeout = 60;

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {PubSub, Schema, Encodings} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Node FS library, to load definitions
const fs = require('fs');

// And the Apache Avro library
const avro = require('avro-js');

// Creates a client; cache this for further use
const pubSubClient = new PubSub();

function listenForAvroRecords(subscriptionName, timeout) {
  // References an existing subscription
  const subscription = pubSubClient.subscription(subscriptionName);

  // Make an encoder using the official avro-js library.
  const definition = fs
    .readFileSync('system-test/fixtures/provinces.avsc')
    .toString();
  const type = avro.parse(definition);

  // Create an event handler to handle messages
  let messageCount = 0;
  const messageHandler = async message => {
    // "Ack" (acknowledge receipt of) the message
    message.ack();

    // Get the schema metadata from the message.
    const schemaMetadata = Schema.metadataFromMessage(message.attributes);

    let result;
    switch (schemaMetadata.encoding) {
      case Encodings.Binary:
        result = type.fromBuffer(message.data);
        break;
      case Encodings.Json:
        result = type.fromString(message.data.toString());
        break;
      default:
        console.log(`Unknown schema encoding: ${schemaMetadata.encoding}`);
        break;
    }

    console.log(`Received message ${message.id}:`);
    console.log(`\tData: ${JSON.stringify(result, null, 4)}`);
    console.log(`\tAttributes: ${message.attributes}`);
    messageCount += 1;
  };

  // Listen for new messages until timeout is hit
  subscription.on('message', messageHandler);

  setTimeout(() => {
    subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
    console.log(`${messageCount} message(s) received.`);
  }, timeout * 1000);
}

PHP

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para PHP incluidas en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre el uso de bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para PHP.

use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;

/**
 * Subscribe and pull messages using an AVRO schema.
 *
 * @param string $projectId
 * @param string $subscriptionId
 */
function subscribe_avro_records($projectId, $subscriptionId)
{
    $pubsub = new PubSubClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);

    $subscription = $pubsub->subscription($subscriptionId);
    $messages = $subscription->pull();

    foreach ($messages as $message) {
        $decodedMessageData = '';
        $encoding = $message->attribute('googclient_schemaencoding');
        switch ($encoding) {
            case 'BINARY':
                $ioReader = new \AvroStringIO(base64_decode($message->data()));
                $dataReader = new \AvroDataIOReader($ioReader, new \AvroIODatumReader());

                $decodedMessageData = json_encode($dataReader->data());
                break;
            case 'JSON':
                $decodedMessageData = $message->data();
                break;
        }

        printf('Received a %d-encoded message %s', $encoding, $decodedMessageData);
    }
}

Python

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Python en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre el uso de bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para Python.

import avro
from avro.io import BinaryDecoder, DatumReader
from concurrent.futures import TimeoutError
import io
import json
from google.cloud.pubsub import SubscriberClient

# TODO(developer)
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# avsc_file = "path/to/an/avro/schema/file/(.avsc)/formatted/in/json"
# Number of seconds the subscriber listens for messages
# timeout = 5.0

subscriber = SubscriberClient()
subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project_id, subscription_id)

avro_schema = avro.schema.parse(open(avsc_file, "rb").read())

def callback(message: pubsub_v1.subscriber.message.Message) -> None:
    # Get the message serialization type.
    encoding = message.attributes.get("googclient_schemaencoding")
    # Deserialize the message data accordingly.
    if encoding == "BINARY":
        bout = io.BytesIO(message.data)
        decoder = BinaryDecoder(bout)
        reader = DatumReader(avro_schema)
        message_data = reader.read(decoder)
        print(f"Received a binary-encoded message:\n{message_data}")
    elif encoding == "JSON":
        message_data = json.loads(message.data)
        print(f"Received a JSON-encoded message:\n{message_data}")
    else:
        print(f"Received a message with no encoding:\n{message}")

    message.ack()

streaming_pull_future = subscriber.subscribe(subscription_path, callback=callback)
print(f"Listening for messages on {subscription_path}..\n")

# Wrap subscriber in a 'with' block to automatically call close() when done.
with subscriber:
    try:
        # When `timeout` is not set, result() will block indefinitely,
        # unless an exception occurs first.
        streaming_pull_future.result(timeout=timeout)
    except TimeoutError:
        streaming_pull_future.cancel()  # Trigger the shutdown.
        streaming_pull_future.result()  # Block until the shutdown is complete.

Ruby

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Ruby incluidas en la guía de inicio rápido de Pub/Sub sobre el uso de bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Pub/Sub para Ruby.

# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# avsc_file = "path/to/an/avro/schema/file/(.avsc)/formatted/in/json"
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::Pubsub.new

subscription = pubsub.subscription subscription_id

subscriber = subscription.listen do |received_message|
  encoding = received_message.attributes["googclient_schemaencoding"]
  case encoding
  when "BINARY"
    require "avro"
    avro_schema = Avro::Schema.parse File.read(avsc_file)
    buffer = StringIO.new received_message.data
    decoder = Avro::IO::BinaryDecoder.new buffer
    reader = Avro::IO::DatumReader.new avro_schema
    message_data = reader.read decoder
    puts "Received a binary-encoded message:\n#{message_data}"
  when "JSON"
    require "json"
    message_data = JSON.parse received_message.data
    puts "Received a JSON-encoded message:\n#{message_data}"
  else
    "Received a message with no encoding:\n#{received_message.message_id}"
  end
  received_message.acknowledge!
end

subscriber.start
# Let the main thread sleep for 60 seconds so the thread for listening
# messages does not quit
sleep 60
subscriber.stop.wait!

¿Qué sigue?

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