本文档适用于 AutoML Natural Language(它与 Vertex AI 不同)。如果您使用的是 Vertex AI,请参阅 Vertex AI 文档

管理数据集

项目可以有多个数据集,每个数据集用于训练单独的模型。您可以获取可用数据集列表,也可以删除不再需要的数据集

如需了解如何创建数据集并将数据导入其中,请参阅创建数据集并导入数据

列出数据集

一个项目可以包含许多数据集。本部分介绍如何检索项目的可用数据集列表。

如需使用 AutoML Natural Language 界面查看可用数据集的列表,请点击左侧导航菜单顶部的数据集链接。

要查看其他项目的数据集,请从标题栏右上角的下拉列表中选择该项目。

REST 和命令行

在使用任何请求数据之前,请先进行以下替换:

  • project-id:您的项目 ID
  • location-id:资源的位置,全球位置为 us-central1,欧盟位置为 eu

HTTP 方法和网址:

GET https://automl.googleapis.com/v1/projects/project-id/locations/location-id/datasets

如需发送您的请求,请展开以下选项之一:

您应会收到如下所示的 JSON 响应:

{
  "datasets": [
    {
      "name": "projects/434039606874/locations/us-central1/datasets/356587829854924648",
      "displayName": "test_dataset",
      "createTime": "2018-04-26T18:02:59.825060Z",
      "textClassificationDatasetMetadata": {
        "classificationType": "MULTICLASS"
      }
    },
    {
      "name": "projects/434039606874/locations/us-central1/datasets/3104518874390609379",
      "displayName": "test",
      "createTime": "2017-12-16T01:10:38.328280Z",
      "textClassificationDatasetMetadata": {
        "classificationType": "MULTICLASS"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Python

from google.cloud import automl

# TODO(developer): Uncomment and set the following variables
# project_id = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"

client = automl.AutoMlClient()
# A resource that represents Google Cloud Platform location.
project_location = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/us-central1"

# List all the datasets available in the region.
request = automl.ListDatasetsRequest(parent=project_location, filter="")
response = client.list_datasets(request=request)

print("List of datasets:")
for dataset in response:
    print("Dataset name: {}".format(dataset.name))
    print("Dataset id: {}".format(dataset.name.split("/")[-1]))
    print("Dataset display name: {}".format(dataset.display_name))
    print("Dataset create time: {}".format(dataset.create_time))
    print(
        "Text classification dataset metadata: {}".format(
            dataset.text_classification_dataset_metadata
        )
    )

Java

import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.AutoMlClient;
import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.Dataset;
import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.ListDatasetsRequest;
import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.LocationName;
import java.io.IOException;

class ListDatasets {

  static void listDatasets() throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";
    listDatasets(projectId);
  }

  // List the datasets
  static void listDatasets(String projectId) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (AutoMlClient client = AutoMlClient.create()) {
      // A resource that represents Google Cloud Platform location.
      LocationName projectLocation = LocationName.of(projectId, "us-central1");
      ListDatasetsRequest request =
          ListDatasetsRequest.newBuilder().setParent(projectLocation.toString()).build();

      // List all the datasets available in the region by applying filter.
      System.out.println("List of datasets:");
      for (Dataset dataset : client.listDatasets(request).iterateAll()) {
        // Display the dataset information
        System.out.format("\nDataset name: %s\n", dataset.getName());
        // To get the dataset id, you have to parse it out of the `name` field. As dataset Ids are
        // required for other methods.
        // Name Form: `projects/{project_id}/locations/{location_id}/datasets/{dataset_id}`
        String[] names = dataset.getName().split("/");
        String retrievedDatasetId = names[names.length - 1];
        System.out.format("Dataset id: %s\n", retrievedDatasetId);
        System.out.format("Dataset display name: %s\n", dataset.getDisplayName());
        System.out.println("Dataset create time:");
        System.out.format("\tseconds: %s\n", dataset.getCreateTime().getSeconds());
        System.out.format("\tnanos: %s\n", dataset.getCreateTime().getNanos());
        System.out.format(
            "Text classification dataset metadata: %s\n",
            dataset.getTextClassificationDatasetMetadata());
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const location = 'us-central1';

// Imports the Google Cloud AutoML library
const {AutoMlClient} = require('@google-cloud/automl').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const client = new AutoMlClient();

async function listDatasets() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    parent: client.locationPath(projectId, location),
    filter: 'translation_dataset_metadata:*',
  };

  const [response] = await client.listDatasets(request);

  console.log('List of datasets:');
  for (const dataset of response) {
    console.log(`Dataset name: ${dataset.name}`);
    console.log(
      `Dataset id: ${
        dataset.name.split('/')[dataset.name.split('/').length - 1]
      }`
    );
    console.log(`Dataset display name: ${dataset.displayName}`);
    console.log('Dataset create time');
    console.log(`\tseconds ${dataset.createTime.seconds}`);
    console.log(`\tnanos ${dataset.createTime.nanos / 1e9}`);
    console.log(
      `Text classification dataset metadata: ${dataset.textClassificationDatasetMetadata}`
    );
  }
}

listDatasets();

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	automl "cloud.google.com/go/automl/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	automlpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/automl/v1"
)

// listDatasets lists existing datasets.
func listDatasets(w io.Writer, projectID string, location string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := automl.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &automlpb.ListDatasetsRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, location),
	}

	it := client.ListDatasets(ctx, req)

	// Iterate over all results
	for {
		dataset, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("ListGlossaries.Next: %v", err)
		}

		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Dataset name: %v\n", dataset.GetName())
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Dataset display name: %v\n", dataset.GetDisplayName())
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Dataset create time:\n")
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tseconds: %v\n", dataset.GetCreateTime().GetSeconds())
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tnanos: %v\n", dataset.GetCreateTime().GetNanos())

		// Language text classification
		if metadata := dataset.GetTextClassificationDatasetMetadata(); metadata != nil {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Text classification dataset metadata: %v\n", metadata)
		}

	}

	return nil
}

其他语言

C#: 请按照客户端库页面上的 C# 设置说明操作,然后访问 .NET 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

PHP: 请按照客户端库页面上的 PHP 设置说明操作,然后访问 PHP 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

Ruby: 请按照客户端库页面上的 Ruby 设置说明操作,然后访问 Ruby 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

导出数据集

您可以将包含所有数据集信息的 CSV 文件导出到 Cloud Storage 存储分区。导出的 CSV 文件具有与训练数据导入 CSV 相同的格式。

如需导出数据集,请执行以下操作:

  1. 数据集页面选择要从其中导出文档的数据集。

  2. 点击“数据集详细信息”(Dataset details) 页面顶部的导出数据选项。

  3. 导航到要在其中写入导出 CSV 文件的 Cloud Storage 存储分区。

  4. 点击导出 CSV

    数据导出过程完成后,您会收到电子邮件通知。

Python

from google.cloud import automl

# TODO(developer): Uncomment and set the following variables
# project_id = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"
# dataset_id = "YOUR_DATASET_ID"
# gcs_uri = "gs://YOUR_BUCKET_ID/path/to/export/"

client = automl.AutoMlClient()

# Get the full path of the dataset
dataset_full_id = client.dataset_path(project_id, "us-central1", dataset_id)

gcs_destination = automl.GcsDestination(output_uri_prefix=gcs_uri)
output_config = automl.OutputConfig(gcs_destination=gcs_destination)

response = client.export_data(name=dataset_full_id, output_config=output_config)
print(f"Dataset exported. {response.result()}")

Java

import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.AutoMlClient;
import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.DatasetName;
import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.GcsDestination;
import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.OutputConfig;
import com.google.protobuf.Empty;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

class ExportDataset {

  static void exportDataset() throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";
    String datasetId = "YOUR_DATASET_ID";
    String gcsUri = "gs://BUCKET_ID/path_to_export/";
    exportDataset(projectId, datasetId, gcsUri);
  }

  // Export a dataset to a GCS bucket
  static void exportDataset(String projectId, String datasetId, String gcsUri)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (AutoMlClient client = AutoMlClient.create()) {
      // Get the complete path of the dataset.
      DatasetName datasetFullId = DatasetName.of(projectId, "us-central1", datasetId);
      GcsDestination gcsDestination =
          GcsDestination.newBuilder().setOutputUriPrefix(gcsUri).build();

      // Export the dataset to the output URI.
      OutputConfig outputConfig =
          OutputConfig.newBuilder().setGcsDestination(gcsDestination).build();

      System.out.println("Processing export...");
      Empty response = client.exportDataAsync(datasetFullId, outputConfig).get();
      System.out.format("Dataset exported. %s\n", response);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const location = 'us-central1';
// const datasetId = 'YOUR_DATASET_ID';
// const gcsUri = 'gs://BUCKET_ID/path_to_export/';

// Imports the Google Cloud AutoML library
const {AutoMlClient} = require('@google-cloud/automl').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const client = new AutoMlClient();

async function exportDataset() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: client.datasetPath(projectId, location, datasetId),
    outputConfig: {
      gcsDestination: {
        outputUriPrefix: gcsUri,
      },
    },
  };

  const [operation] = await client.exportData(request);
  // Wait for operation to complete.
  const [response] = await operation.promise();
  console.log(`Dataset exported: ${response}`);
}

exportDataset();

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	automl "cloud.google.com/go/automl/apiv1"
	automlpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/automl/v1"
)

// exportDataset exports a dataset.
func exportDataset(w io.Writer, projectID string, location string, datasetID string, outputURI string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// datasetID := "TRL123456789..."
	// outputURI := "gs://BUCKET_ID/path_to_export/"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := automl.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &automlpb.ExportDataRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/datasets/%s", projectID, location, datasetID),
		OutputConfig: &automlpb.OutputConfig{
			Destination: &automlpb.OutputConfig_GcsDestination{
				GcsDestination: &automlpb.GcsDestination{
					OutputUriPrefix: outputURI,
				},
			},
		},
	}

	op, err := client.ExportData(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("ExportData: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Processing operation name: %q\n", op.Name())

	if err := op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Dataset exported.\n")

	return nil
}

其他语言

C#: 请按照客户端库页面上的 C# 设置说明操作,然后访问 .NET 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

PHP: 请按照客户端库页面上的 PHP 设置说明操作,然后访问 PHP 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

Ruby: 请按照客户端库页面上的 Ruby 设置说明操作,然后访问 Ruby 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

删除数据集

如需在 AutoML Natural Language 界面中删除数据集,请执行以下操作:

  1. 点击待删除数据集最右侧的三点状菜单,然后选择删除数据集

  2. 在确认对话框中点击删除

REST 和命令行

在使用任何请求数据之前,请先进行以下替换:

  • project-id:您的项目 ID
  • location-id:资源的位置,全球位置为 us-central1,欧盟位置为 eu
  • dataset-id:您的数据集 ID

HTTP 方法和网址:

DELETE https://automl.googleapis.com/v1/projects/project-id/locations/location-id/datasets/dataset-id

如需发送您的请求,请展开以下选项之一:

您应会收到如下所示的 JSON 响应:

{
  "name": "projects/434039606874/locations/us-central1/operations/4422270194425422927",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.automl.v1beta1.OperationMetadata",
    "progressPercentage": 100,
    "createTime": "2018-04-27T02:33:02.479200Z",
    "updateTime": "2018-04-27T02:35:17.309060Z"
  },
  "done": true,
  "response": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.protobuf.Empty"
  }
}

Python

from google.cloud import automl

# TODO(developer): Uncomment and set the following variables
# project_id = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"
# dataset_id = "YOUR_DATASET_ID"

client = automl.AutoMlClient()
# Get the full path of the dataset
dataset_full_id = client.dataset_path(project_id, "us-central1", dataset_id)
response = client.delete_dataset(name=dataset_full_id)

print("Dataset deleted. {}".format(response.result()))

Java

import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.AutoMlClient;
import com.google.cloud.automl.v1.DatasetName;
import com.google.protobuf.Empty;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

class DeleteDataset {

  static void deleteDataset() throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";
    String datasetId = "YOUR_DATASET_ID";
    deleteDataset(projectId, datasetId);
  }

  // Delete a dataset
  static void deleteDataset(String projectId, String datasetId)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (AutoMlClient client = AutoMlClient.create()) {
      // Get the full path of the dataset.
      DatasetName datasetFullId = DatasetName.of(projectId, "us-central1", datasetId);
      Empty response = client.deleteDatasetAsync(datasetFullId).get();
      System.out.format("Dataset deleted. %s\n", response);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const location = 'us-central1';
// const datasetId = 'YOUR_DATASET_ID';

// Imports the Google Cloud AutoML library
const {AutoMlClient} = require('@google-cloud/automl').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const client = new AutoMlClient();

async function deleteDataset() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: client.datasetPath(projectId, location, datasetId),
  };

  const [operation] = await client.deleteDataset(request);

  // Wait for operation to complete.
  const [response] = await operation.promise();
  console.log(`Dataset deleted: ${response}`);
}

deleteDataset();

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	automl "cloud.google.com/go/automl/apiv1"
	automlpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/automl/v1"
)

// deleteDataset deletes a dataset.
func deleteDataset(w io.Writer, projectID string, location string, datasetID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// datasetID := "TRL123456789..."

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := automl.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &automlpb.DeleteDatasetRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/datasets/%s", projectID, location, datasetID),
	}

	op, err := client.DeleteDataset(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("DeleteDataset: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Processing operation name: %q\n", op.Name())

	if err := op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Dataset deleted.\n")

	return nil
}

其他语言

C#: 请按照客户端库页面上的 C# 设置说明操作,然后访问 .NET 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

PHP: 请按照客户端库页面上的 PHP 设置说明操作,然后访问 PHP 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。

Ruby: 请按照客户端库页面上的 Ruby 设置说明操作,然后访问 Ruby 版 AutoML Natural Language 参考文档。