Tail log entries

Demonstrates how to tail live log entries.

Explore further

For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Logging, see Logging client libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	logging "cloud.google.com/go/logging/apiv2"
	loggingpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/logging/v2"
)

// tailLogs creates a channel to stream log entries that were recently ingested for a project
func tailLogs(projectID string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := logging.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient error: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	stream, err := client.TailLogEntries(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("TailLogEntries error: %v", err)
	}
	defer stream.CloseSend()

	req := &loggingpb.TailLogEntriesRequest{
		ResourceNames: []string{
			"projects/" + projectID,
		},
	}
	if err := stream.Send(req); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("stream.Send error: %v", err)
	}

	// read and print two or more streamed log entries
	for counter := 0; counter < 2; {
		resp, err := stream.Recv()
		if err == io.EOF {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("stream.Recv error: %v", err)
		}
		fmt.Printf("received:\n%v\n", resp)
		if resp.Entries != nil {
			counter += len(resp.Entries)
		}
	}
	return nil
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Logging, see Logging client libraries.

import com.google.cloud.logging.LogEntry;
import com.google.cloud.logging.LogEntryServerStream;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Logging;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Logging.TailOption;
import com.google.cloud.logging.LoggingOptions;

public class TailLogEntries {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Optionally provide the logname as an argument.
    String logName = args.length > 0 ? args[0] : "";

    LoggingOptions options = LoggingOptions.getDefaultInstance();
    try (Logging logging = options.getService()) {

      // Optionally compose a filter to tail log entries only from specific log
      LogEntryServerStream stream;

      if (logName != "") {
        stream =
            logging.tailLogEntries(
                TailOption.filter(
                    "logName=projects/" + options.getProjectId() + "/logs/" + logName));
      } else {
        stream = logging.tailLogEntries();
      }
      System.out.println("start streaming..");
      for (LogEntry log : stream) {
        System.out.println(log);
        // cancel infinite streaming after receiving first entry
        stream.cancel();
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Logging, see Logging client libraries.

const {Logging} = require('@google-cloud/logging');
const logging = new Logging();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Replace logName with the name of your log.
 */
const log = logging.log(logName);
console.log('running tail log entries test');

const stream = log
  .tailEntries({
    filter: 'timestamp > "2021-01-01T23:00:00Z"',
  })
  .on('error', console.error)
  .on('data', resp => {
    console.log(resp.entries);
    console.log(resp.suppressionInfo);
    // If you anticipate many results, you can end a stream early to prevent
    // unnecessary processing and API requests.
    stream.end();
  })
  .on('end', () => {
    console.log('log entry stream has ended');
  });

// Note: to get all project logs, invoke logging.tailEntries

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