Logging Client Libraries

This page shows how to get started with the Cloud Client Libraries for the Stackdriver Logging API. Read more about the client libraries for Cloud APIs, including the older Google APIs Client Libraries, in Client Libraries Explained.

Installing the client library

C#

For more information, see Setting Up a C# Development Environment.
Install-Package Google.Cloud.Logging.V2

Go

go get -u cloud.google.com/go/logging

Java

For more information, see Setting Up a Java Development Environment. 如果您是使用 Maven,請在 pom.xml 檔案中新增以下指令:
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
  <artifactId>google-cloud-logging</artifactId>
  <version>1.75.0</version>
</dependency>
如果您是使用 Gradle,請在相依元件中新增以下指令:
compile 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-logging:1.75.0'
如果您是使用 SBT,請在相依元件中新增以下指令:
libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-logging" % "1.75.0"

如果您使用 IntelliJ 或 Eclipse,可以使用以下 IDE 外掛程式將用戶端程式庫加入專案中:

外掛程式還提供其他功能,例如服務帳戶適用的金鑰管理。詳情請參閱各外掛程式的說明文件。

Node.js

For more information, see Setting Up a Node.js Development Environment.
npm install --save @google-cloud/logging

PHP

composer require google/cloud-logging

Python

For more information, see Setting Up a Python Development Environment.
pip install --upgrade google-cloud-logging

Ruby

For more information, see Setting Up a Ruby Development Environment.
gem install google-cloud-logging

Setting up authentication

To run the client library, you must first set up authentication by creating a service account and setting an environment variable. Complete the following steps to set up authentication. For other ways to authenticate, see the GCP authentication documentation.

GCP 主控台

  1. 在 GCP 主控台中,前往「Create service account key」(建立服務帳戶金鑰) 頁面。

    前往「Create Service Account Key」(建立服務帳戶金鑰) 頁面
  2. 從 [Service account] (服務帳戶) 清單中選取 [New service account] (新增服務帳戶)
  3. 在 [Service account name] (服務帳戶名稱) 欄位中輸入一個名稱。
  4. 從 [Role] (角色) 清單中,選取 [Project] (專案) > [Owner] (擁有者)

    附註:「Role」(角色) 欄位會授權服務帳戶存取資源。以後您可以使用 GCP 主控台查看及變更這個欄位。如果您要開發正式版應用程式,請指定比 [Project] (專案) > [Owner] (擁有者) 更精細的權限。詳情請參閱為服務帳戶授予角色一文。
  5. 點選 [建立]。一個包含您金鑰的 JSON 檔案會下載到電腦中。

指令列

您可以使用本機電腦上的 Cloud SDK,或在 Cloud Shell 內執行下列指令。

  1. 建立服務帳戶。將 [NAME] 換成服務帳戶的名稱。

    gcloud iam service-accounts create [NAME]
  2. 向服務帳戶授予權限。用您的專案 ID 取代 [PROJECT_ID]

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding [PROJECT_ID] --member "serviceAccount:[NAME]@[PROJECT_ID].iam.gserviceaccount.com" --role "roles/owner"
    附註:「Role」(角色) 欄位會授權服務帳戶存取資源。您稍後可以使用 GCP 主控台查看及變更這個欄位。如果您要開發正式版應用程式,請指定比 [Project] (專案) > [Owner] (擁有者) 更精細的權限。詳情請參閱為服務帳戶授予角色一文。
  3. 產生金鑰檔案。用金鑰檔案的名稱取代 [FILE_NAME]

    gcloud iam service-accounts keys create [FILE_NAME].json --iam-account [NAME]@[PROJECT_ID].iam.gserviceaccount.com

設定環境變數 GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS 來為應用程式程式碼提供驗證憑證。 將 [PATH] 改成包含您的服務帳戶金鑰的 JSON 檔案路徑,並將 [FILE_NAME] 改成檔案名稱。 此變數僅適用於您目前的殼層工作階段,所以如果您開啟新的工作階段,請再次設定變數。

Linux 或 macOS

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="[PATH]"

例如:

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="/home/user/Downloads/[FILE_NAME].json"

Windows

使用 PowerShell:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="[PATH]"

例如:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="C:\Users\username\Downloads\[FILE_NAME].json"

使用命令提示字元:

set GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS=[PATH]

Using the client library

The following example shows how to use the client library.

C#


using System;
// Imports the Google Cloud Logging client library
using Google.Cloud.Logging.V2;
using Google.Cloud.Logging.Type;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Google.Api;

namespace GoogleCloudSamples
{
    public class QuickStart
    {
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Your Google Cloud Platform project ID.
            string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID";

            // Instantiates a client.
            var client = LoggingServiceV2Client.Create();

            // Prepare new log entry.
            LogEntry logEntry = new LogEntry();
            string logId = "my-log";
            LogName logName = new LogName(projectId, logId);
            LogNameOneof logNameToWrite = LogNameOneof.From(logName);
            logEntry.LogName = logName.ToString();
            logEntry.Severity = LogSeverity.Info;

            // Create log entry message.
            string message = "Hello World!";
            string messageId = DateTime.Now.Millisecond.ToString();
            Type myType = typeof(QuickStart);
            string entrySeverity = logEntry.Severity.ToString().ToUpper();
            logEntry.TextPayload =
                $"{messageId} {entrySeverity} {myType.Namespace}.LoggingSample - {message}";

            // Set the resource type to control which GCP resource the log entry belongs to.
            // See the list of resource types at:
            // https://cloud.google.com/logging/docs/api/v2/resource-list
            // This sample uses resource type 'global' causing log entries to appear in the 
            // "Global" resource list of the Developers Console Logs Viewer:
            //  https://console.cloud.google.com/logs/viewer
            MonitoredResource resource = new MonitoredResource();
            resource.Type = "global";

            // Create dictionary object to add custom labels to the log entry.
            IDictionary<string, string> entryLabels = new Dictionary<string, string>();
            entryLabels.Add("size", "large");
            entryLabels.Add("color", "red");

            // Add log entry to collection for writing. Multiple log entries can be added.
            IEnumerable<LogEntry> logEntries = new LogEntry[] { logEntry };

            // Write new log entry.
            client.WriteLogEntries(logNameToWrite, resource, entryLabels, logEntries);

            Console.WriteLine("Log Entry created.");
        }
    }
}

Go


// Sample logging-quickstart writes a log entry to Stackdriver Logging.
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"log"

	"cloud.google.com/go/logging"
)

func main() {
	ctx := context.Background()

	// Sets your Google Cloud Platform project ID.
	projectID := "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"

	// Creates a client.
	client, err := logging.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to create client: %v", err)
	}

	// Sets the name of the log to write to.
	logName := "my-log"

	// Selects the log to write to.
	logger := client.Logger(logName)

	// Sets the data to log.
	text := "Hello, world!"

	// Adds an entry to the log buffer.
	logger.Log(logging.Entry{Payload: text})

	// Closes the client and flushes the buffer to the Stackdriver Logging
	// service.
	if err := client.Close(); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to close client: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("Logged: %v\n", text)
}

Java

import com.google.cloud.MonitoredResource;
import com.google.cloud.logging.LogEntry;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Logging;
import com.google.cloud.logging.LoggingOptions;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Payload.StringPayload;
import com.google.cloud.logging.Severity;
import java.util.Collections;

/**
 * This sample demonstrates writing logs using the Stackdriver Logging API.
 * The library also offers a java.util.logging Handler `com.google.cloud.logging.LoggingHandler`
 * Logback integration is also available :
 * https://github.com/googleapis/google-cloud-java/tree/master/google-cloud-clients/google-cloud-contrib/google-cloud-logging-logback
 * Using the java.util.logging handler / Logback appender should be preferred to using the API
 * directly.
 */
public class QuickstartSample {

  /** Expects a new or existing Stackdriver log name as the first argument.*/
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {

    // Instantiates a client
    Logging logging = LoggingOptions.getDefaultInstance().getService();

    // The name of the log to write to
    String logName = args[0];  // "my-log";

    // The data to write to the log
    String text = "Hello, world!";

    LogEntry entry = LogEntry.newBuilder(StringPayload.of(text))
        .setSeverity(Severity.ERROR)
        .setLogName(logName)
        .setResource(MonitoredResource.newBuilder("global").build())
        .build();

    // Writes the log entry asynchronously
    logging.write(Collections.singleton(entry));

    System.out.printf("Logged: %s%n", text);
  }
}

Node.js

async function quickstart(
  projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID', // Your Google Cloud Platform project ID
  logName = 'my-log' // The name of the log to write to
) {
  // Imports the Google Cloud client library
  const {Logging} = require('@google-cloud/logging');

  // Creates a client
  const logging = new Logging({projectId});

  // Selects the log to write to
  const log = logging.log(logName);

  // The data to write to the log
  const text = 'Hello, world!';

  // The metadata associated with the entry
  const metadata = {
    resource: {type: 'global'},
  };

  // Prepares a log entry
  const entry = log.entry(metadata, text);

  // Writes the log entry
  await log.write(entry);
  console.log(`Logged: ${text}`);
}

PHP

# Includes the autoloader for libraries installed with composer
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
use Google\Cloud\Logging\LoggingClient;

# Your Google Cloud Platform project ID
$projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

# Instantiates a client
$logging = new LoggingClient([
    'projectId' => $projectId
]);

# The name of the log to write to
$logName = 'my-log';

# Selects the log to write to
$logger = $logging->logger($logName);

# The data to log
$text = 'Hello, world!';

# Creates the log entry
$entry = $logger->entry($text);

# Writes the log entry
$logger->write($entry);

echo 'Logged ' . $text;

Python

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
from google.cloud import logging

# Instantiates a client
logging_client = logging.Client()

# The name of the log to write to
log_name = 'my-log'
# Selects the log to write to
logger = logging_client.logger(log_name)

# The data to log
text = 'Hello, world!'

# Writes the log entry
logger.log_text(text)

print('Logged: {}'.format(text))

Ruby

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
require "google/cloud/logging"

# Your Google Cloud Platform project ID
project_id = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"

# Instantiates a client
logging = Google::Cloud::Logging.new project: project_id

# Prepares a log entry
entry = logging.entry
# The data to log
entry.payload = "Hello, world!"
# The name of the log to write to
entry.log_name = "my-log"
# The resource associated with the data
entry.resource.type = "global"

# Writes the log entry
logging.write_entries entry

puts "Logged #{entry.payload}"

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