Guia de início rápido: como usar os métodos do IAM na API Resource Manager

Esta página mostra como começar a usar os métodos do IAM methods a partir da API Resource Manager na sua linguagem de programação favorita.

Antes de começar

Criar um projeto do Google Cloud

Para este guia de início rápido, você precisa de um novo projeto do Google Cloud.

  1. Faça login na sua conta do Google.

    Se você ainda não tiver uma, inscreva-se.

  2. No Console do Cloud, na página do seletor de projetos, clique em Criar para começar a criar um novo projeto do Cloud.

    Acessar a página do seletor de projetos

  3. Ative a API Resource Manager.

    Ative a API

  4. Configurar a autenticação:
    1. No Console do Cloud, acesse a página Criar chave da conta de serviço.

      Acessar página "Criar chave da conta de serviço"
    2. Na lista Conta de serviço, selecione Nova conta de serviço.
    3. No campo Nome da conta de serviço, insira um nome.
    4. Na lista Papel, selecione Projeto > Proprietário.

    5. Clique em Criar. O download de um arquivo JSON que contém a chave é feito no computador.
  5. Defina a variável de ambiente GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS como o caminho do arquivo JSON que contém a chave da conta de serviço. Essa variável só se aplica à sessão de shell atual. Dessa maneira, se você abrir uma nova sessão, defina a variável novamente.

Instale a biblioteca de cliente

C#

Para mais informações sobre a configuração do ambiente de desenvolvimento do C#, consulte o guia de configuração do ambiente de desenvolvimento do C#.

install-package Google.Apis.Iam.v1
install-package Google.Apis.CloudResourceManager.v1

Go

go get -u golang.org/x/oauth2/google
go get -u google.golang.org/api/cloudresourcemanager/v1

Java

Para mais informações sobre a configuração do ambiente de desenvolvimento do Java, consulte o Guia de configuração do ambiente de desenvolvimento do Java.

Se você estiver usando o Maven, adicione isto ao seu arquivo pom.xml.
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.apis</groupId>
  <artifactId>google-api-services-iam</artifactId>
  <version>v1-rev20200910-1.30.10</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.auth</groupId>
  <artifactId>google-auth-library-oauth2-http</artifactId>
  <version>0.21.1</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.apis</groupId>
  <artifactId>google-api-services-cloudresourcemanager</artifactId>
  <version>v1-rev20200921-1.30.10</version><!-- v1 required here, v2 is different - DO NOT UPDATE to v2 -->
</dependency>

Python

Para mais informações sobre a configuração do ambiente de desenvolvimento do Python, consulte o Guia de configuração do ambiente de desenvolvimento do Python.

pip install --upgrade google-api-python-client google-auth google-auth-httplib2

Ler, modificar e gravar uma política do IAM

O snippet de código deste guia de início rápido faz o seguinte:

  • Inicializa o serviço do Resource Manager, que gerencia projetos do Google Cloud.
  • Lê a política do IAM do projeto.
  • Modifica a política do IAM concedendo o papel de gravador de registros (roles/logging.logWriter) à sua Conta do Google.
  • Grava a política do IAM atualizada.
  • Imprime todos os membros do projeto que têm o papel de gravador de registros (roles/logging.logWriter).
  • Revoga o papel de gravador de registros.

Substitua os valores abaixo antes de executar o snippet de código:

  • your-project: o ID do seu projeto.
  • your-member: o endereço de e-mail da sua Conta do Google, com o prefixo user:. Por exemplo, user:tanya@example.com.

C#

Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Resource Manager para C#.


using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.CloudResourceManager.v1;
using Google.Apis.CloudResourceManager.v1.Data;
using Google.Apis.Iam.v1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

public class QuickStart
{
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        // TODO: Replace with your project ID
        var projectId = "your-project";
        // TODO: Replace with the ID of your member in the form "user:member@example.com"
        var member = "your-member";
        // Role to be granted
        var role = "roles/logging.logWriter";

        // Initialize service
        CloudResourceManagerService crmService = InitializeService();

        // Grant your member the "Log Writer" role for your project
        AddBinding(crmService, projectId, member, role);

        // Get the project's policy and print all members with the the "Log Writer" role
        var policy = GetPolicy(crmService, projectId);
        var binding = policy.Bindings.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Role == role);
        Console.WriteLine("Role: " + binding.Role);
        Console.Write("Members: ");
        foreach (var m in binding.Members)
        {
            Console.Write("[" + m + "] ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();

        // Remove member from the "Log Writer" role
        RemoveMember(crmService, projectId, member, role);
    }

    public static CloudResourceManagerService InitializeService()
    {
        // Get credentials
        var credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
            .CreateScoped(IamService.Scope.CloudPlatform);

        // Create the Cloud Resource Manager service object
        CloudResourceManagerService crmService = new CloudResourceManagerService(
            new CloudResourceManagerService.Initializer
            {
                HttpClientInitializer = credential
            });

        return crmService;
    }

    public static Policy GetPolicy(CloudResourceManagerService crmService, String projectId)
    {
        // Get the project's policy by calling the
        // Cloud Resource Manager Projects API
        var policy = crmService.Projects.GetIamPolicy(
            new GetIamPolicyRequest(),
            projectId).Execute();
        return policy;
    }

    public static void SetPolicy(CloudResourceManagerService crmService, String projectId, Policy policy)
    {
        // Set the project's policy by calling the
        // Cloud Resource Manager Projects API
        crmService.Projects.SetIamPolicy(
           new SetIamPolicyRequest
           {
               Policy = policy
           }, projectId).Execute();
    }

    public static void AddBinding(
        CloudResourceManagerService crmService,
        string projectId,
        string member,
        string role)
    {
        // Get the project's policy
        var policy = GetPolicy(crmService, projectId);

        // Find binding in policy
        var binding = policy.Bindings.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Role == role);

        // If binding already exists, add member to binding
        if (binding != null)
        {
            binding.Members.Add(member);
        }
        // If binding does not exist, add binding to policy
        else
        {
            binding = new Binding
            {
                Role = role,
                Members = new List<string> { member }
            };
            policy.Bindings.Add(binding);
        }

        // Set the updated policy
        SetPolicy(crmService, projectId, policy);
    }

    public static void RemoveMember(
        CloudResourceManagerService crmService,
        string projectId,
        string member,
        string role)
    {
        // Get the project's policy
        var policy = GetPolicy(crmService, projectId);

        // Remove the member from the role
        var binding = policy.Bindings.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Role == role);
        if (binding == null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Role does not exist in policy.");
        }
        else
        {
            if (binding.Members.Contains(member))
            {
                binding.Members.Remove(member);
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The member has not been granted this role.");
            }

            if (binding.Members.Count == 0)
            {
                policy.Bindings.Remove(binding);
            }
        }

        // Set the updated policy
        SetPolicy(crmService, projectId, policy);
    }
}

Go

Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Resource Manager para Go.


package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
	"strings"
	"time"

	"google.golang.org/api/cloudresourcemanager/v1"
)

func main() {
	// TODO: Add your project ID
	projectID := flag.String("project_id", "", "Cloud Project ID")
	// TODO: Add the ID of your member in the form "user:member@example.com"
	member := flag.String("member_id", "", "Your member ID")
	flag.Parse()

	// The role to be granted
	var role string = "roles/logging.logWriter"

	// Initializes the Cloud Resource Manager service
	ctx := context.Background()
	crmService, err := cloudresourcemanager.NewService(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("cloudresourcemanager.NewService: %v", err)
	}

	// Grants your member the "Log writer" role for your project
	addBinding(crmService, *projectID, *member, role)

	// Gets the project's policy and prints all members with the "Log Writer" role
	policy := getPolicy(crmService, *projectID)
	// Find the policy binding for role. Only one binding can have the role.
	var binding *cloudresourcemanager.Binding
	for _, b := range policy.Bindings {
		if b.Role == role {
			binding = b
			break
		}
	}
	fmt.Println("Role: ", binding.Role)
	fmt.Print("Members: ", strings.Join(binding.Members, ", "))

	// Removes member from the "Log writer" role
	removeMember(crmService, *projectID, *member, role)

}

// addBinding adds the member to the project's IAM policy
func addBinding(crmService *cloudresourcemanager.Service, projectID, member, role string) {

	policy := getPolicy(crmService, projectID)

	// Find the policy binding for role. Only one binding can have the role.
	var binding *cloudresourcemanager.Binding
	for _, b := range policy.Bindings {
		if b.Role == role {
			binding = b
			break
		}
	}

	if binding != nil {
		// If the binding exists, adds the member to the binding
		binding.Members = append(binding.Members, member)
	} else {
		// If the binding does not exist, adds a new binding to the policy
		binding = &cloudresourcemanager.Binding{
			Role:    role,
			Members: []string{member},
		}
		policy.Bindings = append(policy.Bindings, binding)
	}

	setPolicy(crmService, projectID, policy)

}

// removeMember removes the member from the project's IAM policy
func removeMember(crmService *cloudresourcemanager.Service, projectID, member, role string) {

	policy := getPolicy(crmService, projectID)

	// Find the policy binding for role. Only one binding can have the role.
	var binding *cloudresourcemanager.Binding
	var bindingIndex int
	for i, b := range policy.Bindings {
		if b.Role == role {
			binding = b
			bindingIndex = i
			break
		}
	}

	// Order doesn't matter for bindings or members, so to remove, move the last item
	// into the removed spot and shrink the slice.
	if len(binding.Members) == 1 {
		// If the member is the only member in the binding, removes the binding
		last := len(policy.Bindings) - 1
		policy.Bindings[bindingIndex] = policy.Bindings[last]
		policy.Bindings = policy.Bindings[:last]
	} else {
		// If there is more than one member in the binding, removes the member
		var memberIndex int
		for i, mm := range binding.Members {
			if mm == member {
				memberIndex = i
			}
		}
		last := len(policy.Bindings[bindingIndex].Members) - 1
		binding.Members[memberIndex] = binding.Members[last]
		binding.Members = binding.Members[:last]
	}

	setPolicy(crmService, projectID, policy)

}

// getPolicy gets the project's IAM policy
func getPolicy(crmService *cloudresourcemanager.Service, projectID string) *cloudresourcemanager.Policy {

	ctx := context.Background()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*10)
	defer cancel()
	request := new(cloudresourcemanager.GetIamPolicyRequest)
	policy, err := crmService.Projects.GetIamPolicy(projectID, request).Do()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Projects.GetIamPolicy: %v", err)
	}

	return policy
}

// setPolicy sets the project's IAM policy
func setPolicy(crmService *cloudresourcemanager.Service, projectID string, policy *cloudresourcemanager.Policy) {

	ctx := context.Background()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*10)
	defer cancel()
	request := new(cloudresourcemanager.SetIamPolicyRequest)
	request.Policy = policy
	policy, err := crmService.Projects.SetIamPolicy(projectID, request).Do()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Projects.SetIamPolicy: %v", err)
	}
}

Java

Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Resource Manager para Java.

import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.cloudresourcemanager.CloudResourceManager;
import com.google.api.services.cloudresourcemanager.model.Binding;
import com.google.api.services.cloudresourcemanager.model.GetIamPolicyRequest;
import com.google.api.services.cloudresourcemanager.model.Policy;
import com.google.api.services.cloudresourcemanager.model.SetIamPolicyRequest;
import com.google.api.services.iam.v1.IamScopes;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

public class Quickstart {

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    // TODO: Replace with your project ID.
    String projectId = "your-project";
    // TODO: Replace with the ID of your member in the form "user:member@example.com"
    String member = "your-member";
    // The role to be granted.
    String role = "roles/logging.logWriter";

    // Initializes the Cloud Resource Manager service.
    CloudResourceManager crmService = null;
    try {
      crmService = initializeService();
    } catch (IOException | GeneralSecurityException e) {
      System.out.println("Unable to initialize service: \n" + e.getMessage() + e.getStackTrace());
    }

    // Grants your member the "Log writer" role for your project.
    addBinding(crmService, projectId, member, role);

    // Get the project's policy and print all members with the "Log Writer" role
    Policy policy = getPolicy(crmService, projectId);
    Binding binding = null;
    List<Binding> bindings = policy.getBindings();
    for (Binding b : bindings) {
      if (b.getRole().equals(role)) {
        binding = b;
        break;
      }
    }
    System.out.println("Role: " + binding.getRole());
    System.out.print("Members: ");
    for (String m : binding.getMembers()) {
      System.out.print("[" + m + "] ");
    }
    System.out.println();

    // Removes member from the "Log writer" role.
    removeMember(crmService, projectId, member, role);
  }

  public static CloudResourceManager initializeService()
      throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
    // Use the Application Default Credentials strategy for authentication. For more info, see:
    // https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/production#finding_credentials_automatically
    GoogleCredentials credential =
        GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
            .createScoped(Collections.singleton(IamScopes.CLOUD_PLATFORM));

    // Creates the Cloud Resource Manager service object.
    CloudResourceManager service =
        new CloudResourceManager.Builder(
                GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
                JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
                new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential))
            .setApplicationName("iam-quickstart")
            .build();
    return service;
  }

  public static void addBinding(
      CloudResourceManager crmService, String projectId, String member, String role) {

    // Gets the project's policy.
    Policy policy = getPolicy(crmService, projectId);

    // Finds binding in policy, if it exists
    Binding binding = null;
    for (Binding b : policy.getBindings()) {
      if (b.getRole().equals(role)) {
        binding = b;
        break;
      }
    }

    if (binding != null) {
      // If binding already exists, adds member to binding.
      binding.getMembers().add(member);
    } else {
      // If binding does not exist, adds binding to policy.
      binding = new Binding();
      binding.setRole(role);
      binding.setMembers(Collections.singletonList(member));
      policy.getBindings().add(binding);
    }

    // Sets the updated policy
    setPolicy(crmService, projectId, policy);
  }

  public static void removeMember(
      CloudResourceManager crmService, String projectId, String member, String role) {
    // Gets the project's policy.
    Policy policy = getPolicy(crmService, projectId);

    // Removes the member from the role.
    Binding binding = null;
    for (Binding b : policy.getBindings()) {
      if (b.getRole().equals(role)) {
        binding = b;
        break;
      }
    }
    if (binding.getMembers().contains(member)) {
      binding.getMembers().remove(member);
      if (binding.getMembers().isEmpty()) {
        policy.getBindings().remove(binding);
      }
    }

    // Sets the updated policy.
    setPolicy(crmService, projectId, policy);
  }

  public static Policy getPolicy(CloudResourceManager crmService, String projectId) {
    // Gets the project's policy by calling the
    // Cloud Resource Manager Projects API.
    Policy policy = null;
    try {
      GetIamPolicyRequest request = new GetIamPolicyRequest();
      policy = crmService.projects().getIamPolicy(projectId, request).execute();
    } catch (IOException e) {
      System.out.println("Unable to get policy: \n" + e.getMessage() + e.getStackTrace());
    }
    return policy;
  }

  private static void setPolicy(CloudResourceManager crmService, String projectId, Policy policy) {
    // Sets the project's policy by calling the
    // Cloud Resource Manager Projects API.
    try {
      SetIamPolicyRequest request = new SetIamPolicyRequest();
      request.setPolicy(policy);
      crmService.projects().setIamPolicy(projectId, request).execute();
    } catch (IOException e) {
      System.out.println("Unable to set policy: \n" + e.getMessage() + e.getStackTrace());
    }
  }
}

Python

Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Resource Manager para Python.

import os

from google.oauth2 import service_account
import googleapiclient.discovery

def quickstart(project_id, member):
    """Gets a policy, adds a member, prints their permissions, and removes the member."""

    # Role to be granted.
    role = "roles/logging.logWriter"

    # Initializes service.
    crm_service = initialize_service()

    # Grants your member the 'Log Writer' role for the project.
    modify_policy_add_role(crm_service, project_id, role, member)

    # Gets the project's policy and prints all members with the 'Log Writer' role.
    policy = get_policy(crm_service, project_id)
    binding = next(b for b in policy["bindings"] if b["role"] == role)
    print(f'Role: {(binding["role"])}')
    print("Members: ")
    for m in binding["members"]:
        print(f'[{m}]')

    # Removes the member from the 'Log Writer' role.
    modify_policy_remove_member(crm_service, project_id, role, member)

def initialize_service():
    """Initializes a Cloud Resource Manager service."""

    credentials = service_account.Credentials.from_service_account_file(
        filename=os.environ["GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS"],
        scopes=["https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"],
    )
    crm_service = googleapiclient.discovery.build(
        "cloudresourcemanager", "v1", credentials=credentials
    )
    return crm_service

def modify_policy_add_role(crm_service, project_id, role, member):
    """Adds a new role binding to a policy."""

    policy = get_policy(crm_service, project_id)

    binding = None
    for b in policy["bindings"]:
        if b["role"] == role:
            binding = b
            break
    if binding is not None:
        binding["members"].append(member)
    else:
        binding = {"role": role, "members": [member]}
        policy["bindings"].append(binding)

    set_policy(crm_service, project_id, policy)

def modify_policy_remove_member(crm_service, project_id, role, member):
    """Removes a  member from a role binding."""

    policy = get_policy(crm_service, project_id)

    binding = next(b for b in policy["bindings"] if b["role"] == role)
    if "members" in binding and member in binding["members"]:
        binding["members"].remove(member)

    set_policy(crm_service, project_id, policy)

def get_policy(crm_service, project_id, version=3):
    """Gets IAM policy for a project."""

    policy = (
        crm_service.projects()
        .getIamPolicy(
            resource=project_id,
            body={"options": {"requestedPolicyVersion": version}},
        )
        .execute()
    )
    return policy

def set_policy(crm_service, project_id, policy):
    """Sets IAM policy for a project."""

    policy = (
        crm_service.projects()
        .setIamPolicy(resource=project_id, body={"policy": policy})
        .execute()
    )
    return policy

if __name__ == '__main__':

    # TODO: replace with your project ID
    project_id = "your-project-id"
    # TODO: Replace with the ID of your member in the form 'user:member@example.com'.
    member = "your-member"
    quickstart(project_id, member)

Parabéns! Você usou os métodos de IAM na API Resource Manager para modificar o acesso a um projeto.

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