Cloud Storage integration tests

Stay organized with collections Save and categorize content based on your preferences.

Demonstrates how to integration test a function triggered by Cloud Storage.

Explore further

For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

Java


import static com.google.common.truth.Truth.assertThat;

import com.google.gson.Gson;
import io.github.resilience4j.core.IntervalFunction;
import io.github.resilience4j.retry.Retry;
import io.github.resilience4j.retry.RetryConfig;
import io.github.resilience4j.retry.RetryRegistry;
import io.vavr.CheckedRunnable;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.URI;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.UUID;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.conn.HttpHostConnectException;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClientBuilder;
import org.junit.AfterClass;
import org.junit.BeforeClass;
import org.junit.Test;

public class ExampleIT {
  // Each function must be assigned a unique port to run on.
  // Otherwise, tests can flake when 2+ functions run simultaneously.
  // This is also specified in the `function-maven-plugin` config in `pom.xml`.
  private static final int PORT = 8082;

  // Root URL pointing to the locally hosted function
  // The Functions Framework Maven plugin lets us run a function locally
  private static final String BASE_URL = "http://localhost:" + PORT;

  private static Process emulatorProcess = null;
  private static final HttpClient client = HttpClientBuilder.create().build();
  private static final Gson gson = new Gson();

  @BeforeClass
  public static void setUp() throws IOException {
    // Get the sample's base directory (the one containing a pom.xml file)
    String baseDir = System.getProperty("user.dir");

    // Emulate the function locally by running the Functions Framework Maven plugin
    emulatorProcess = new ProcessBuilder()
        .command("mvn", "function:run")
        .directory(new File(baseDir))
        .start();
  }

  @AfterClass
  public static void tearDown() throws IOException {
    // Display the output of the plugin process
    InputStream stdoutStream = emulatorProcess.getInputStream();
    ByteArrayOutputStream stdoutBytes = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    stdoutBytes.write(stdoutStream.readNBytes(stdoutStream.available()));
    System.out.println(stdoutBytes.toString(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));

    // Terminate the running Functions Framework Maven plugin process (if it's still running)
    if (emulatorProcess.isAlive()) {
      emulatorProcess.destroy();
    }
  }

  @Test
  public void helloGcs_shouldRunWithFunctionsFramework() throws Throwable {
    String functionUrl = BASE_URL + "/helloGcs"; // URL to your locally-running function

    // Initialize constants
    String name = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
    String jsonStr = gson.toJson(Map.of(
        "data", Map.of(
            "name", name, "resourceState", "exists", "metageneration", 1),
        "context", Map.of(
            "eventType", "google.storage.object.finalize")
    ));

    HttpPost postRequest =  new HttpPost(URI.create(functionUrl));
    postRequest.setEntity(new StringEntity(jsonStr));

    // The Functions Framework Maven plugin process takes time to start up
    // Use resilience4j to retry the test HTTP request until the plugin responds
    RetryRegistry registry = RetryRegistry.of(RetryConfig.custom()
        .maxAttempts(12)
        .retryExceptions(HttpHostConnectException.class)
        .retryOnResult(u -> {
          // Retry if the Functions Framework process has no stdout content
          // See `retryOnResultPredicate` here: https://resilience4j.readme.io/docs/retry
          try {
            return emulatorProcess.getErrorStream().available() == 0;
          } catch (IOException e) {
            return true;
          }
        })
        .intervalFunction(IntervalFunction.ofExponentialBackoff(200, 2))
        .build());
    Retry retry = registry.retry("my");

    // Perform the request-retry process
    CheckedRunnable retriableFunc = Retry.decorateCheckedRunnable(
        retry, () -> client.execute(postRequest));
    retriableFunc.run();

    // Get Functions Framework plugin process' stdout
    InputStream stdoutStream = emulatorProcess.getErrorStream();
    ByteArrayOutputStream stdoutBytes = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    stdoutBytes.write(stdoutStream.readNBytes(stdoutStream.available()));

    // Verify desired name value is present
    assertThat(stdoutBytes.toString(StandardCharsets.UTF_8)).contains(
        String.format("File: %s", name));
  }
}

Node.js

const assert = require('assert');
const {spawn} = require('child_process');
const uuid = require('uuid');
const {request} = require('gaxios');
const waitPort = require('wait-port');

  it('helloGCSGeneric: should print GCS event', async () => {
    const filename = uuid.v4(); // Use a unique filename to avoid conflicts
    const PORT = 9009; // Each running framework instance needs a unique port

    const eventType = 'google.storage.object.finalize';

    const data = {
      data: {
        name: filename,
        resourceState: 'exists',
        metageneration: '1',
      },
      context: {
        eventType: eventType,
      },
    };
    const ffProc = spawn('npx', [
      'functions-framework',
      '--target',
      'helloGCS',
      '--signature-type',
      'event',
      '--port',
      PORT,
    ]);
    const ffProcHandler = new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      let stdout = '';
      let stderr = '';
      ffProc.stdout.on('data', data => (stdout += data));
      ffProc.stderr.on('data', data => (stderr += data));
      ffProc.on('exit', code => {
        if (code === 0 || code === null) {
          // code === null corresponds to a signal-kill
          // (which doesn't necessarily indicate a test failure)
          resolve(stdout);
        } else {
          stderr = `Error code: ${code}\n${stderr}`;
          reject(new Error(stderr));
        }
      });
    });
    await waitPort({host: 'localhost', port: PORT});

    // Send HTTP request simulating GCS change notification
    // (GCF translates GCS notifications to HTTP requests internally)
    const response = await request({
      url: `http://localhost:${PORT}/`,
      method: 'POST',
      data,
    });
    assert.strictEqual(response.status, 204);

    ffProc.kill();
    const stdout = await ffProcHandler;
    assert.ok(stdout.includes(`File: ${filename}`));
    assert.ok(stdout.includes(`Event Type: ${eventType}`));
  });
});

PHP


namespace Google\Cloud\Samples\Functions\HelloworldStorage;

use Google\CloudFunctions\CloudEvent;
use GuzzleHttp\Client;
use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;
use Symfony\Component\Process\Process;
use Symfony\Component\Process\PhpExecutableFinder;

/**
 * Class SampleIntegrationTest.
 *
 * Integration tests for the 'Helloworld Storage' Cloud Function.
 */
class SampleIntegrationTest extends TestCase
{
    /** @var Process */
    private static $process;

    /** @var Client */
    private static $client;

    public function dataProvider()
    {
        return [
            [
                'cloudevent' => [
                    'id' => uniqid(),
                    'source' => 'storage.googleapis.com',
                    'specversion' => '1.0',
                    'type' => 'google.cloud.storage.object.v1.finalized',
                ],
                'data' => [
                    'bucket' => 'some-bucket',
                    'metageneration' => '1',
                    'name' => 'folder/friendly.txt',
                    'timeCreated' => '2020-04-23T07:38:57.230Z',
                    'updated' => '2020-04-23T07:38:57.230Z',
                ],
                'statusCode' => '200',
            ],
        ];
    }

    /**
     * @dataProvider dataProvider
     */
    public function testHelloGCS(array $cloudevent, array $data, string $statusCode): void
    {
        // Prepare the HTTP headers for a CloudEvent.
        $cloudEventHeaders = [];
        foreach ($cloudevent as $key => $value) {
            $cloudEventHeaders['ce-' . $key] = $value;
        }

        // Send an HTTP request using CloudEvent metadata.
        $resp = self::$client->post('/', [
            'body' => json_encode($data),
            'headers' => $cloudEventHeaders + [
                // Instruct the function framework to parse the body as JSON.
                'content-type' => 'application/json'
            ],
        ]);

        // The Cloud Function logs all data to stderr.
        $actual = self::$process->getIncrementalErrorOutput();

        // Confirm the status code.
        $this->assertEquals($statusCode, $resp->getStatusCode());

        // Verify the CloudEvent and data properties are logged by the function.
        foreach ($data as $property => $value) {
            $this->assertStringContainsString($value, $actual);
        }
        $this->assertStringContainsString($cloudevent['id'], $actual);
        $this->assertStringContainsString($cloudevent['type'], $actual);
    }

    /**
     * Start a local PHP server running the Functions Framework.
     *
     * @beforeClass
     */
    public static function startFunctionFramework(): void
    {
        $port = getenv('PORT') ?: '8080';
        $php = (new PhpExecutableFinder())->find();
        $uri = 'localhost:' . $port;

        // https://symfony.com/doc/current/components/process.html#usage
        self::$process = new Process([$php, '-S', $uri, 'vendor/bin/router.php'], null, [
            'FUNCTION_SIGNATURE_TYPE' => 'cloudevent',
            'FUNCTION_TARGET' => 'helloGCS',
        ]);
        self::$process->start();

        // Initialize an HTTP client to drive requests.
        self::$client = new Client(['base_uri' => 'http://' . $uri]);

        // Short delay to ensure PHP server is ready.
        sleep(1);
    }

    /**
     * Stop the local PHP server.
     *
     * @afterClass
     */
    public static function stopFunctionFramework(): void
    {
        if (!self::$process->isRunning()) {
            echo self::$process->getErrorOutput();
            throw new RuntimeException('Function Framework PHP process not running by end of test');
        }
        self::$process->stop(3, SIGTERM);
    }
}

Python

import datetime
import os
import subprocess
import uuid

import requests
from requests.packages.urllib3.util.retry import Retry


def test_print_name():
    filename = str(uuid.uuid4())
    port = 8089  # Each running framework instance needs a unique port

    example_timestamp = datetime.datetime.now(tz=datetime.timezone.utc).isoformat()
    storage_message = {
        'data': {
            'name': filename,
            'bucket': 'my_bucket',
            'metageneration': '1',
            'timeCreated': example_timestamp,
            'updated': example_timestamp
        }
    }

    process = subprocess.Popen(
      [
        'functions-framework',
        '--target', 'hello_gcs',
        '--signature-type', 'event',
        '--port', str(port)
      ],
      cwd=os.path.dirname(__file__),
      stdout=subprocess.PIPE
    )

    # Send HTTP request simulating Pub/Sub message
    # (GCF translates Pub/Sub messages to HTTP requests internally)
    url = f'http://localhost:{port}/'

    retry_policy = Retry(total=6, backoff_factor=1)
    retry_adapter = requests.adapters.HTTPAdapter(
      max_retries=retry_policy)

    session = requests.Session()
    session.mount(url, retry_adapter)

    response = session.post(url, json=storage_message)

    assert response.status_code == 200

    # Stop the functions framework process
    process.kill()
    process.wait()
    out, err = process.communicate()

    print(out, err, response.content)

    assert f'File: {filename}' in str(out)

What's next

To search and filter code samples for other Google Cloud products, see the Google Cloud sample browser.