HTTP Bearer token

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Shows how to make Google Cloud-authenticated HTTP requests.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

Go


import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"google.golang.org/api/idtoken"
)

// `makeGetRequest` makes a request to the provided `targetURL`
// with an authenticated client using audience `audience`.
func makeGetRequest(w io.Writer, targetURL string, audience string) error {
	// For Cloud Functions, endpoint (`serviceUrl`) and `audience` are the same.
	// Example `audience` value (Cloud Functions): https://<PROJECT>-<REGION>-<PROJECT_ID>.cloudfunctions.net/myFunction
	// (`targetURL` and `audience` will differ for GET parameters)
	ctx := context.Background()

	// client is a http.Client that automatically adds an "Authorization" header
	// to any requests made.
	client, err := idtoken.NewClient(ctx, audience)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("idtoken.NewClient: %v", err)
	}

	resp, err := client.Get(targetURL)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.Get: %v", err)
	}
	defer resp.Body.Close()
	if _, err := io.Copy(w, resp.Body); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("io.Copy: %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}

Java

import com.google.api.client.http.GenericUrl;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequest;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpResponse;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.IdTokenCredentials;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.IdTokenProvider;
import java.io.IOException;

public class Authentication {

  // makeGetRequest makes a GET request to the specified Cloud Run or
  // Cloud Functions endpoint `serviceUrl` (must be a complete URL), by
  // authenticating with an ID token retrieved from Application Default
  // Credentials using the specified `audience`.
  //
  // For Cloud Functions, endpoint (`serviceUrl`) and `audience` are the same.
  // Example `audience` value (Cloud Functions): https://project-region-projectid.cloudfunctions.net/myFunction
  public static HttpResponse makeGetRequest(String serviceUrl, String audience) throws IOException {
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault();
    if (!(credentials instanceof IdTokenProvider)) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Credentials are not an instance of IdTokenProvider.");
    }
    IdTokenCredentials tokenCredential =
        IdTokenCredentials.newBuilder()
            .setIdTokenProvider((IdTokenProvider) credentials)
            .setTargetAudience(audience)
            .build();

    GenericUrl genericUrl = new GenericUrl(serviceUrl);
    HttpCredentialsAdapter adapter = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(tokenCredential);
    HttpTransport transport = new NetHttpTransport();
    HttpRequest request = transport.createRequestFactory(adapter).buildGetRequest(genericUrl);
    return request.execute();
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// For Cloud Functions, `endpoint` and `audience` should be equal.

// Example: https://project-region-projectid.cloudfunctions.net/myFunction
// const url = 'https://TARGET_HOSTNAME/TARGET_URL';

// Example (Cloud Functions): https://project-region-projectid.cloudfunctions.net/myFunction
// const targetAudience = 'https://TARGET_AUDIENCE/';

const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
const auth = new GoogleAuth();

async function request() {
  console.info(`request ${url} with target audience ${targetAudience}`);
  const client = await auth.getIdTokenClient(targetAudience);
  const res = await client.request({url});
  console.info(res.data);
}

request().catch(err => {
  console.error(err.message);
  process.exitCode = 1;
});

Python

import urllib

import google.auth.transport.requests
import google.oauth2.id_token


def make_authorized_get_request(endpoint, audience):
    """
    make_authorized_get_request makes a GET request to the specified HTTP endpoint
    by authenticating with the ID token obtained from the google-auth client library
    using the specified audience value.
    """

    # Cloud Functions uses your function's URL as the `audience` value
    # audience = https://project-region-projectid.cloudfunctions.net/myFunction
    # For Cloud Functions, `endpoint` and `audience` should be equal

    req = urllib.request.Request(endpoint)

    auth_req = google.auth.transport.requests.Request()
    id_token = google.oauth2.id_token.fetch_id_token(auth_req, audience)

    req.add_header("Authorization", f"Bearer {id_token}")
    response = urllib.request.urlopen(req)

    return response.read()

What's next

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