Cloud DNS supports the migration of an existing DNS domain from another DNS provider to Cloud DNS. This procedure describes how to complete the necessary steps: create a managed zone for your domain, export the DNS configuration from your existing provider, import your existing DNS configuration to Cloud DNS, update your registrar's name server records, and then verify the migration.
Before you begin
If you have not yet used the
gcloudcommand-line tool, set up the
To specify the project name and authenticate with the Google Cloud Console, run the following command:
gcloud auth login
You can also specify the
--projectparameter for a command to operate against a different project for that invocation.
Create a managed zone
To migrate an existing domain, first create a managed zone to contain your DNS records. When you create a zone, the new zone isn't used until you update your domain registration, point a resolver at it, or query one of your zone's name servers.
To create a zone, run the
dns managed-zones create
gcloud dns managed-zones create --dns-name=example.com. --description=A_ZONE EXAMPLE_ZONE_NAME
Replace the following:
example.com.: the DNS name
A_ZONE: a description of the zone
EXAMPLE_ZONE_NAME: the name to identify the DNS zone
Export your DNS configuration from your existing provider
To export your zone file, see your provider's documentation. Cloud DNS supports the import of zone files in BIND or YAML records format.
Import the record set
After you have the exported the file from your other provider, you can use
gcloud commands to import it into your managed zone.
To import record sets correctly, you must remove the apex records or use the
flags described on the
To import record sets, run the
dns record-sets import
--zone-file-format flag tells
import to expect a BIND zone
formatted file. If you omit this flag,
import expects a YAML-formatted
gcloud dns record-sets import -z=EXAMPLE_ZONE_NAME --zone-file-format path-to-example-zone-file
EXAMPLE_ZONE_NAME with the name of your DNS zone.
Verify DNS propagation
To monitor and verify that the Cloud DNS name servers have picked up
your changes, you can use the Linux
gcloud and Linux
To look up your zone's Cloud DNS name servers, run the
dns managed-zones describecommand:
gcloud dns managed-zones describe EXAMPLE_ZONE_NAME
EXAMPLE_ZONE_NAMEwith the name of your DNS zone.
The output looks something like this:
nameServers: - ns-cloud-a1.googledomains.com. - ns-cloud-a2.googledomains.com. - ns-cloud-a3.googledomains.com. - ns-cloud-a4.googledomains.com.
In the output, the letter following the
ns-cloud-part of the name is referred to as the name server shard. There are five such shards (letters A-E). For more information about shards, see Name server limits.
Check if the records are available on the name servers.
watch dig example.com @ZONE_NAME_SERVER
Replace ZONE_NAME_SERVER with one of the name servers returned when you ran the previous command.
After you see your change, press
watch command runs the
dig command every 2 seconds by default. You
can use this command to determine when your authoritative name server picks
up your change, which should happen within 120 seconds.
Update your registrar's name server records
Sign in to your registrar provider and change the authoritative name servers to point to the name servers that you saw in step 4. At the same time, make a note of the time to live (TTL) that your registrar has set on the records. That tells you how long you have to wait before the new name servers begin to be used.
Wait for changes and then verify
To get the authoritative name servers for your domain on the internet, run the following Linux commands:
dig +short NS example.com
If the output shows that all changes have propagated, your task is complete. If not, you can check intermittently or you can automatically run the command every 2 seconds while you wait for the name servers to change. To do that, run the following:
watch dig +short NS example.com
Ctrl+C exits the command.
If you're not using Linux, you can use the
- To add, delete or update records, see Manage records.
- To use JSON formats for Cloud DNS record types, see Records format (JSON).
- To find solutions for common issues that you might encounter when using Cloud DNS, see Troubleshoot.
- To get an overview of Cloud DNS, see Cloud DNS overview.
- For the Cloud DNS command-line, see the
gcloudcommand-line tool documentation.