Mit FPE verschlüsselte Inhalte neu identifizieren

Demonstriert die Re-Identifizierung von de-identifizierten Inhalten.

Codebeispiel

Go

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie hier.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"io/ioutil"

	dlp "cloud.google.com/go/dlp/apiv2"
	dlppb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/privacy/dlp/v2"
)

// reidentifyFPE reidentifies the input with FPE (Format Preserving Encryption).
// keyFileName is the file name with the KMS wrapped key and cryptoKeyName is the
// full KMS key resource name used to wrap the key. surrogateInfoType is an
// the identifier used during deidentification.
// Info types can be found with the infoTypes.list method or on https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/infotypes-reference
func reidentifyFPE(w io.Writer, projectID, input, keyFileName, cryptoKeyName, surrogateInfoType string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// input := "My SSN is 123456789"
	// keyFileName := "projects/YOUR_GCLOUD_PROJECT/locations/YOUR_LOCATION/keyRings/YOUR_KEYRING_NAME/cryptoKeys/YOUR_KEY_NAME"
	// cryptoKeyName := "YOUR_ENCRYPTED_AES_256_KEY"
	// surrogateInfoType := "AGE"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := dlp.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("dlp.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()
	// Read the key file.
	keyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyFileName)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("ReadFile: %v", err)
	}
	// Create a configured request.
	req := &dlppb.ReidentifyContentRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/global", projectID),
		ReidentifyConfig: &dlppb.DeidentifyConfig{
			Transformation: &dlppb.DeidentifyConfig_InfoTypeTransformations{
				InfoTypeTransformations: &dlppb.InfoTypeTransformations{
					Transformations: []*dlppb.InfoTypeTransformations_InfoTypeTransformation{
						{
							InfoTypes: []*dlppb.InfoType{},
							PrimitiveTransformation: &dlppb.PrimitiveTransformation{
								Transformation: &dlppb.PrimitiveTransformation_CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig{
									CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig: &dlppb.CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig{
										CryptoKey: &dlppb.CryptoKey{
											Source: &dlppb.CryptoKey_KmsWrapped{
												KmsWrapped: &dlppb.KmsWrappedCryptoKey{
													WrappedKey:    keyBytes,
													CryptoKeyName: cryptoKeyName,
												},
											},
										},
										// Set the alphabet used for the encrypted fields.
										Alphabet: &dlppb.CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig_CommonAlphabet{
											CommonAlphabet: dlppb.CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig_ALPHA_NUMERIC,
										},
										// Set the surrogate info type used during deidentification.
										SurrogateInfoType: &dlppb.InfoType{
											Name: surrogateInfoType,
										},
									},
								},
							},
						},
					},
				},
			},
		},
		// The InspectConfig must identify the surrogate info type to reidentify.
		InspectConfig: &dlppb.InspectConfig{
			CustomInfoTypes: []*dlppb.CustomInfoType{
				{
					InfoType: &dlppb.InfoType{
						Name: surrogateInfoType,
					},
					Type: &dlppb.CustomInfoType_SurrogateType_{
						SurrogateType: &dlppb.CustomInfoType_SurrogateType{},
					},
				},
			},
		},
		// The item to analyze.
		Item: &dlppb.ContentItem{
			DataItem: &dlppb.ContentItem_Value{
				Value: input,
			},
		},
	}
	// Send the request.
	r, err := client.ReidentifyContent(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("ReidentifyContent: %v", err)
	}
	// Print the result.
	fmt.Fprint(w, r.GetItem().GetValue())
	return nil
}

Java

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie hier.


import com.google.cloud.dlp.v2.DlpServiceClient;
import com.google.common.io.BaseEncoding;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ContentItem;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CryptoKey;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig.FfxCommonNativeAlphabet;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CustomInfoType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CustomInfoType.SurrogateType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DeidentifyConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoTypeTransformations;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoTypeTransformations.InfoTypeTransformation;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InspectConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.KmsWrappedCryptoKey;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.LocationName;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrimitiveTransformation;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ReidentifyContentRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ReidentifyContentResponse;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ReIdentifyWithFpe {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String textToReIdentify = "My SSN is SSN_TOKEN(9):731997681";
    String kmsKeyName =
        "projects/YOUR_PROJECT/"
            + "locations/YOUR_KEYRING_REGION/"
            + "keyRings/YOUR_KEYRING_NAME/"
            + "cryptoKeys/YOUR_KEY_NAME";
    String wrappedAesKey = "YOUR_ENCRYPTED_AES_256_KEY";
    reIdentifyWithFpe(projectId, textToReIdentify, kmsKeyName, wrappedAesKey);
  }

  public static void reIdentifyWithFpe(
      String projectId, String textToReIdentify, String kmsKeyName, String wrappedAesKey)
      throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (DlpServiceClient dlp = DlpServiceClient.create()) {
      // Specify what content you want the service to re-identify
      ContentItem contentItem = ContentItem.newBuilder().setValue(textToReIdentify).build();

      // Specify the type of info the inspection will re-identify. This must use the same custom
      // into type that was used as a surrogate during the initial encryption.
      InfoType surrogateInfoType = InfoType.newBuilder().setName("SSN_TOKEN").build();

      CustomInfoType customInfoType =
          CustomInfoType.newBuilder()
              .setInfoType(surrogateInfoType)
              .setSurrogateType(SurrogateType.getDefaultInstance())
              .build();
      InspectConfig inspectConfig =
          InspectConfig.newBuilder().addCustomInfoTypes(customInfoType).build();

      // Specify an encrypted AES-256 key and the name of the Cloud KMS key that encrypted it
      KmsWrappedCryptoKey kmsWrappedCryptoKey =
          KmsWrappedCryptoKey.newBuilder()
              .setWrappedKey(ByteString.copyFrom(BaseEncoding.base64().decode(wrappedAesKey)))
              .setCryptoKeyName(kmsKeyName)
              .build();
      CryptoKey cryptoKey = CryptoKey.newBuilder().setKmsWrapped(kmsWrappedCryptoKey).build();

      // Specify how to un-encrypt the previously de-identified information
      CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig cryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig =
          CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig.newBuilder()
              .setCryptoKey(cryptoKey)
              // Set of characters in the input text. For more info, see
              // https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/reference/rest/v2/organizations.deidentifyTemplates#DeidentifyTemplate.FfxCommonNativeAlphabet
              .setCommonAlphabet(FfxCommonNativeAlphabet.NUMERIC)
              .setSurrogateInfoType(surrogateInfoType)
              .build();
      PrimitiveTransformation primitiveTransformation =
          PrimitiveTransformation.newBuilder()
              .setCryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig(cryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig)
              .build();
      InfoTypeTransformation infoTypeTransformation =
          InfoTypeTransformation.newBuilder()
              .setPrimitiveTransformation(primitiveTransformation)
              .addInfoTypes(surrogateInfoType)
              .build();
      InfoTypeTransformations transformations =
          InfoTypeTransformations.newBuilder().addTransformations(infoTypeTransformation).build();

      DeidentifyConfig reidentifyConfig =
          DeidentifyConfig.newBuilder().setInfoTypeTransformations(transformations).build();

      // Combine configurations into a request for the service.
      ReidentifyContentRequest request =
          ReidentifyContentRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, "global").toString())
              .setItem(contentItem)
              .setInspectConfig(inspectConfig)
              .setReidentifyConfig(reidentifyConfig)
              .build();

      // Send the request and receive response from the service
      ReidentifyContentResponse response = dlp.reidentifyContent(request);

      // Print the results
      System.out.println("Text after re-identification: " + response.getItem().getValue());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie hier.

// Imports the Google Cloud Data Loss Prevention library
const DLP = require('@google-cloud/dlp');

// Instantiates a client
const dlp = new DLP.DlpServiceClient();

// The project ID to run the API call under
// const projectId = 'my-project';

// The string to reidentify
// const string = 'My SSN is PHONE_TOKEN(9):#########';

// The set of characters to replace sensitive ones with
// For more information, see https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/reference/rest/v2/organizations.deidentifyTemplates#ffxcommonnativealphabet
// const alphabet = 'ALPHA_NUMERIC';

// The name of the Cloud KMS key used to encrypt ('wrap') the AES-256 key
// const keyName = 'projects/YOUR_GCLOUD_PROJECT/locations/YOUR_LOCATION/keyRings/YOUR_KEYRING_NAME/cryptoKeys/YOUR_KEY_NAME';

// The encrypted ('wrapped') AES-256 key to use
// This key should be encrypted using the Cloud KMS key specified above
// const wrappedKey = 'YOUR_ENCRYPTED_AES_256_KEY'

// The name of the surrogate custom info type to use when reidentifying data
// const surrogateType = 'SOME_INFO_TYPE_DEID';

async function reidentifyWithFpe() {
  // Construct deidentification request
  const item = {value: string};
  const request = {
    parent: `projects/${projectId}/locations/global`,
    reidentifyConfig: {
      infoTypeTransformations: {
        transformations: [
          {
            primitiveTransformation: {
              cryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig: {
                cryptoKey: {
                  kmsWrapped: {
                    wrappedKey: wrappedKey,
                    cryptoKeyName: keyName,
                  },
                },
                commonAlphabet: alphabet,
                surrogateInfoType: {
                  name: surrogateType,
                },
              },
            },
          },
        ],
      },
    },
    inspectConfig: {
      customInfoTypes: [
        {
          infoType: {
            name: surrogateType,
          },
          surrogateType: {},
        },
      ],
    },
    item: item,
  };

  // Run reidentification request
  const [response] = await dlp.reidentifyContent(request);
  const reidentifiedItem = response.item;
  console.log(reidentifiedItem.value);
}
reidentifyWithFpe();

PHP

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie hier.

/**
 * Reidentify a deidentified string using Format-Preserving Encryption (FPE).
 */
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig\FfxCommonNativeAlphabet;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\CryptoKey;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrimitiveTransformation;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\KmsWrappedCryptoKey;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoType;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InspectConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoTypeTransformations\InfoTypeTransformation;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoTypeTransformations;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\ContentItem;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\CustomInfoType;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DeidentifyConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\CustomInfoType\SurrogateType;

/** Uncomment and populate these variables in your code */
// $callingProjectId = 'The GCP Project ID to run the API call under';
// $string = 'The string to reidentify';
// $keyName = 'The name of the Cloud KMS key used to encrypt (wrap) the AES-256 key';
// $wrappedKey = 'The name of the Cloud KMS key use, encrypted with the KMS key in $keyName';
// $surrogateTypeName = ''; // (Optional) Surrogate custom info type to enable reidentification

// Instantiate a client.
$dlp = new DlpServiceClient();

// The infoTypes of information to mask
$ssnInfoType = (new InfoType())
    ->setName('US_SOCIAL_SECURITY_NUMBER');
$infoTypes = [$ssnInfoType];

// The set of characters to replace sensitive ones with
// For more information, see https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/reference/rest/v2/organizations.deidentifyTemplates#ffxcommonnativealphabet
$commonAlphabet = FfxCommonNativeAlphabet::NUMERIC;

// Create the wrapped crypto key configuration object
$kmsWrappedCryptoKey = (new KmsWrappedCryptoKey())
    ->setWrappedKey(base64_decode($wrappedKey))
    ->setCryptoKeyName($keyName);

// Create the crypto key configuration object
$cryptoKey = (new CryptoKey())
    ->setKmsWrapped($kmsWrappedCryptoKey);

// Create the surrogate type object
$surrogateType = (new InfoType())
    ->setName($surrogateTypeName);

$customInfoType = (new CustomInfoType())
    ->setInfoType($surrogateType)
    ->setSurrogateType(new SurrogateType());

// Create the crypto FFX FPE configuration object
$cryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig = (new CryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig())
    ->setCryptoKey($cryptoKey)
    ->setCommonAlphabet($commonAlphabet)
    ->setSurrogateInfoType($surrogateType);

// Create the information transform configuration objects
$primitiveTransformation = (new PrimitiveTransformation())
    ->setCryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig($cryptoReplaceFfxFpeConfig);

$infoTypeTransformation = (new InfoTypeTransformation())
    ->setPrimitiveTransformation($primitiveTransformation);

$infoTypeTransformations = (new InfoTypeTransformations())
    ->setTransformations([$infoTypeTransformation]);

// Create the inspect configuration object
$inspectConfig = (new InspectConfig())
    ->setCustomInfoTypes([$customInfoType]);

// Create the reidentification configuration object
$reidentifyConfig = (new DeidentifyConfig())
    ->setInfoTypeTransformations($infoTypeTransformations);

$item = (new ContentItem())
    ->setValue($string);

$parent = "projects/$callingProjectId/locations/global";

// Run request
$response = $dlp->reidentifyContent($parent, [
    'reidentifyConfig' => $reidentifyConfig,
    'inspectConfig' => $inspectConfig,
    'item' => $item
]);

// Print the results
$reidentifiedValue = $response->getItem()->getValue();
print($reidentifiedValue);

Python

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie hier.

def reidentify_with_fpe(
    project,
    input_str,
    alphabet=None,
    surrogate_type=None,
    key_name=None,
    wrapped_key=None,
):
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to reidentify sensitive data in a
    string that was encrypted by Format Preserving Encryption (FPE).
    Args:
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        input_str: The string to deidentify (will be treated as text).
        alphabet: The set of characters to replace sensitive ones with. For
            more information, see https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/reference/
            rest/v2beta2/organizations.deidentifyTemplates#ffxcommonnativealphabet
        surrogate_type: The name of the surrogate custom info type to used
            during the encryption process.
        key_name: The name of the Cloud KMS key used to encrypt ('wrap') the
            AES-256 key. Example:
            keyName = 'projects/YOUR_GCLOUD_PROJECT/locations/YOUR_LOCATION/
            keyRings/YOUR_KEYRING_NAME/cryptoKeys/YOUR_KEY_NAME'
        wrapped_key: The encrypted ('wrapped') AES-256 key to use. This key
            should be encrypted using the Cloud KMS key specified by key_name.
    Returns:
        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.
    """
    # Import the client library
    import google.cloud.dlp

    # Instantiate a client
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Convert the project id into a full resource id.
    parent = f"projects/{project}"

    # The wrapped key is base64-encoded, but the library expects a binary
    # string, so decode it here.
    import base64

    wrapped_key = base64.b64decode(wrapped_key)

    # Construct Deidentify Config
    reidentify_config = {
        "info_type_transformations": {
            "transformations": [
                {
                    "primitive_transformation": {
                        "crypto_replace_ffx_fpe_config": {
                            "crypto_key": {
                                "kms_wrapped": {
                                    "wrapped_key": wrapped_key,
                                    "crypto_key_name": key_name,
                                }
                            },
                            "common_alphabet": alphabet,
                            "surrogate_info_type": {"name": surrogate_type},
                        }
                    }
                }
            ]
        }
    }

    inspect_config = {
        "custom_info_types": [
            {"info_type": {"name": surrogate_type}, "surrogate_type": {}}
        ]
    }

    # Convert string to item
    item = {"value": input_str}

    # Call the API
    response = dlp.reidentify_content(
        request={
            "parent": parent,
            "reidentify_config": reidentify_config,
            "inspect_config": inspect_config,
            "item": item,
        }
    )

    # Print results
    print(response.item.value)

Nächste Schritte

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