Mit dem Ersatzzeichen Freitext mit FPE de-identifizieren

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Verwendet die Data Loss Prevention API, um sensible Daten mithilfe formaterhaltender Verschlüsselung (FPE) in einem String zu de-identifizieren. Die Verschlüsselung wird mit einem nicht gepackten Schlüssel durchgeführt.

Codebeispiel

Python

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie unter Cloud DLP-Clientbibliotheken.

def deidentify_free_text_with_fpe_using_surrogate(
    project,
    input_str,
    alphabet="NUMERIC",
    info_type="PHONE_NUMBER",
    surrogate_type="PHONE_TOKEN",
    unwrapped_key="YWJjZGVmZ2hpamtsbW5vcA==",
):
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to deidentify sensitive data in a
       string using Format Preserving Encryption (FPE).
       The encryption is performed with an unwrapped key.
    Args:
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        input_str: The string to deidentify (will be treated as text).
        alphabet: The set of characters to replace sensitive ones with. For
            more information, see https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/reference/
            rest/v2beta2/organizations.deidentifyTemplates#ffxcommonnativealphabet
        info_type: The name of the info type to de-identify
        surrogate_type: The name of the surrogate custom info type to use. Can
            be essentially any arbitrary string, as long as it doesn't appear
            in your dataset otherwise.
        unwrapped_key: The base64-encoded AES-256 key to use.
    Returns:
        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.
    """
    # Import the client library
    import google.cloud.dlp

    # Instantiate a client
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Convert the project id into a full resource id.
    parent = f"projects/{project}"

    # The unwrapped key is base64-encoded, but the library expects a binary
    # string, so decode it here.
    import base64

    unwrapped_key = base64.b64decode(unwrapped_key)

    # Construct de-identify config
    transformation = {
        "info_types": [{"name": info_type}],
        "primitive_transformation": {
            "crypto_replace_ffx_fpe_config": {
                "crypto_key": {"unwrapped": {"key": unwrapped_key}},
                "common_alphabet": alphabet,
                "surrogate_info_type": {"name": surrogate_type},
            }
        },
    }

    deidentify_config = {
        "info_type_transformations": {"transformations": [transformation]}
    }

    # Construct the inspect config, trying to finding all PII with likelihood
    # higher than UNLIKELY
    inspect_config = {
        "info_types": [{"name": info_type}],
        "min_likelihood": google.cloud.dlp_v2.Likelihood.UNLIKELY,
    }

    # Convert string to item
    item = {"value": input_str}

    # Call the API
    response = dlp.deidentify_content(
        request={
            "parent": parent,
            "deidentify_config": deidentify_config,
            "inspect_config": inspect_config,
            "item": item,
        }
    )

    # Print results
    print(response.item.value)

Nächste Schritte

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