Interactions with the API

For each conversational turn, an interaction takes place. During an interaction, an end-user sends input to Dialogflow, and Dialogflow sends a response. You have two options when implementing your system to handle interactions: using the API or using an integration.

When using the API, your system needs to handle the following:

  • Build an agent.
  • Provide a user interface for end-users.
  • Call the Dialogflow API for each conversational turn to send end-user input to the API.
  • Unless your agent responses are purely static (uncommon), you need to host a webhook service to handle webhook-enabled fulfillment.

When using an integration, your system only needs to handle the following:

  • Build an agent.
  • Optionally implement a webhook service.

The following diagram shows the steps that take place for one conversational turn of a session.

API flow diagram.

  1. The end-user types or says something, known as end-user input.
  2. Your user interface or integration system receives the input and forwards it to the Dialogflow API in a detect intent request.
  3. The Dialogflow API receives the detect intent request. It matches the input to an intent or form parameter, sets parameters as needed, and updates session state. If it needs to call a webhook-enabled fulfillment, it sends a webhook request to your webhook service, otherwise, go to step 6.
  4. Your webhook service receives the webhook request. Your service takes any actions necessary, like calling external APIs, querying or updating a database, etc.
  5. Your webhook service builds a response and sends a webhook response back to Dialogflow.
  6. Dialogflow creates a detect intent response. If a webhook was called, it uses the response provided in the webhook response. If no webhook was called, it uses the static response defined in the agent. Dialogflow sends a detect intent response to your user interface or integration system.
  7. Your user interface or integration system receives the detect intent response and forwards the text or audio response to the end-user.
  8. The end-user sees or hears the response.

Guide purpose

This guide shows you how to call the API for one conversational turn for an agent that is not using an integration (step 2 from diagram above). This guide does not show you how to implement a user interface for your end-user.

Before you begin

You should do the following before reading this guide:

  1. Read Dialogflow CX basics.
  2. Perform setup steps.
  3. Create a new agent or continue using the agent you created in Build an agent.

Collect IDs

The samples below require several IDs as input. To find your project ID, region ID, and agent ID:

  1. Open the Dialogflow CX Console.
  2. Select your GCP project to open the agent selector.
  3. Click the option menu for an agent in the list.
  4. Click the copy name button.
  5. This copies the full identifying name of your agent, which includes your project ID, region ID, and agent ID in the form:
    projects/PROJECT_ID/locations/REGION_ID/agents/AGENT_ID

You also need a session ID. A session represents a conversation between a Dialogflow agent and an end-user. You create a unique session ID at the beginning of a conversation and use it for each turn of the conversation. For the purpose of trying the API, you can use any string ID that is at most 36 bytes, like test-session-123.

Call detect intent

The following samples call the detectIntent method of the Sessions type.

Select a protocol and version for the Session reference:

Protocol V3 V3beta1
REST Session resource Session resource
RPC Session interface Session interface
C# Not available Not available
Go Not available Not available
Java SessionsClient SessionsClient
Node.js SessionsClient SessionsClient
PHP Not available Not available
Python SessionsClient SessionsClient
Ruby Not available Not available

REST & CMD LINE

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_ID: your GCP project ID
  • AGENT_ID: your agent ID
  • REGION_ID: your region ID
  • SESSION_ID: your session ID
  • END_USER_INPUT: the end-user input

HTTP method and URL:

POST https://REGION_ID-dialogflow.googleapis.com/v3/projects/PROJECT_ID/locations/REGION_ID/agents/AGENT_ID/sessions/SESSION_ID:detectIntent

Request JSON body:

{
  "queryInput": {
    "text": {
      "text": "END_USER_INPUT"
    },
    "languageCode": "en"
  },
  "queryParams": {
    "timeZone": "America/Los_Angeles"
  }
}

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "responseId": "38e8f23d-eed2-445e-a3e7-149b242dd669",
  "queryResult": {
    "text": "I want to buy a shirt",
    "languageCode": "en",
    "responseMessages": [
      {
        "text": {
          "text": [
            "Ok, let's start a new order."
          ]
        }
      },
      {
        "text": {
          "text": [
            "I'd like to collect a bit more information from you."
          ]
        }
      },
      {
        "text": {
          "text": [
            "What color would you like?"
          ]
        }
      },
      {}
    ],
    "currentPage": {
      "name": "projects/PROJECT_ID/locations/us-central1/agents/133b0350-f2d2-4928-b0b3-5b332259d0f7/flows/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000/pages/ce0b88c4-9292-455c-9c59-ec153dad94cc",
      "displayName": "New Order"
    },
    "intent": {
      "name": "projects/PROJECT_ID/locations/us-central1/agents/133b0350-f2d2-4928-b0b3-5b332259d0f7/intents/0adebb70-a727-4687-b8bc-fbbc2ac0b665",
      "displayName": "order.new"
    },
    "intentDetectionConfidence": 1,
    "diagnosticInfo": { ... },
    "match": {
      "intent": {
        "name": "projects/PROJECT_ID/locations/us-central1/agents/133b0350-f2d2-4928-b0b3-5b332259d0f7/intents/0adebb70-a727-4687-b8bc-fbbc2ac0b665",
        "displayName": "order.new"
      },
      "resolvedInput": "I want to buy a shirt",
      "matchType": "INTENT",
      "confidence": 1
    }
  }
}

Java


import com.google.api.gax.rpc.ApiException;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.DetectIntentRequest;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.DetectIntentResponse;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.QueryInput;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.QueryResult;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.SessionName;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.SessionsClient;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.SessionsSettings;
import com.google.cloud.dialogflow.cx.v3beta1.TextInput;
import com.google.common.collect.Maps;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

public class DetectIntent {

  // DialogFlow API Detect Intent sample with text inputs.
  public static Map<String, QueryResult> detectIntent(
      String projectId,
      String locationId,
      String agentId,
      String sessionId,
      List<String> texts,
      String languageCode)
      throws IOException, ApiException {
    SessionsSettings.Builder sessionsSettingsBuilder = SessionsSettings.newBuilder();
    if (locationId.equals("global")) {
      sessionsSettingsBuilder.setEndpoint("dialogflow.googleapis.com:443");
    } else {
      sessionsSettingsBuilder.setEndpoint(locationId + "-dialogflow.googleapis.com:443");
    }
    SessionsSettings sessionsSettings = sessionsSettingsBuilder.build();

    Map<String, QueryResult> queryResults = Maps.newHashMap();
    // Instantiates a client
    try (SessionsClient sessionsClient = SessionsClient.create(sessionsSettings)) {
      // Set the session name using the projectID (my-project-id), locationID (global), agentID
      // (UUID), and sessionId (UUID).
      SessionName session = SessionName.of(projectId, locationId, agentId, sessionId);
      System.out.println("Session Path: " + session.toString());

      // Detect intents for each text input.
      for (String text : texts) {
        // Set the text (hello) for the query.
        TextInput.Builder textInput = TextInput.newBuilder().setText(text);

        // Build the query with the TextInput and language code (en-US).
        QueryInput queryInput =
            QueryInput.newBuilder().setText(textInput).setLanguageCode(languageCode).build();

        // Build the DetectIntentRequest with the SessionName and QueryInput.
        DetectIntentRequest request =
            DetectIntentRequest.newBuilder()
                .setSession(session.toString())
                .setQueryInput(queryInput)
                .build();

        // Performs the detect intent request.
        DetectIntentResponse response = sessionsClient.detectIntent(request);

        // Display the query result.
        QueryResult queryResult = response.getQueryResult();

        System.out.println("====================");
        System.out.format("Query Text: '%s'\n", queryResult.getText());
        System.out.format(
            "Detected Intent: %s (confidence: %f)\n",
            queryResult.getIntent().getDisplayName(), queryResult.getIntentDetectionConfidence());

        queryResults.put(text, queryResult);
      }
    }
    return queryResults;
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project';
// const location = 'global';
// const agentId = 'my-agent';
// const query = 'Hello';
// const languageCode = 'en'

// Imports the Google Cloud Some API library
const {SessionsClient} = require('@google-cloud/dialogflow-cx');
/**
 * Example for regional endpoint:
 *   const location = 'us-central1'
 *   const client = new SessionsClient({apiEndpoint: 'us-central1-dialogflow.googleapis.com'})
 */
const client = new SessionsClient();

async function detectIntentText() {
  const sessionId = Math.random().toString(36).substring(7);
  const sessionPath = client.projectLocationAgentSessionPath(
    projectId,
    location,
    agentId,
    sessionId
  );
  console.info(sessionPath);

  const request = {
    session: sessionPath,
    queryInput: {
      text: {
        text: query,
      },
      languageCode,
    },
  };
  const [response] = await client.detectIntent(request);
  console.log(`User Query: ${query}`);
  for (const message of response.queryResult.responseMessages) {
    if (message.text) {
      console.log(`Agent Response: ${message.text.text}`);
    }
  }
  if (response.queryResult.match.intent) {
    console.log(
      `Matched Intent: ${response.queryResult.match.intent.displayName}`
    );
  }
  console.log(
    `Current Page: ${response.queryResult.currentPage.displayName}`
  );
}

detectIntentText();

Python

def run_sample():
    # TODO(developer): Replace these values when running the function
    project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
    # For more information about regionalization see https://cloud.google.com/dialogflow/cx/docs/how/region
    location_id = "YOUR-LOCATION-ID"
    # For more info on agents see https://cloud.google.com/dialogflow/cx/docs/concept/agent
    agent_id = "YOUR-AGENT-ID"
    agent = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location_id}/agents/{agent_id}"
    # For more information on sessions see https://cloud.google.com/dialogflow/cx/docs/concept/session
    session_id = uuid.uuid4()
    texts = ["Hello"]
    # For more supported languages see https://cloud.google.com/dialogflow/es/docs/reference/language
    language_code = "en-us"

    detect_intent_texts(agent, session_id, texts, language_code)


def detect_intent_texts(agent, session_id, texts, language_code):
    """Returns the result of detect intent with texts as inputs.

    Using the same `session_id` between requests allows continuation
    of the conversation."""
    session_path = f"{agent}/sessions/{session_id}"
    print(f"Session path: {session_path}\n")
    client_options = None
    agent_components = AgentsClient.parse_agent_path(agent)
    location_id = agent_components["location"]
    if location_id != "global":
        api_endpoint = f"{location_id}-dialogflow.googleapis.com:443"
        print(f"API Endpoint: {api_endpoint}\n")
        client_options = {"api_endpoint": api_endpoint}
    session_client = SessionsClient(client_options=client_options)

    for text in texts:
        text_input = session.TextInput(text=text)
        query_input = session.QueryInput(text=text_input, language_code=language_code)
        request = session.DetectIntentRequest(
            session=session_path, query_input=query_input
        )
        response = session_client.detect_intent(request=request)

        print("=" * 20)
        print(f"Query text: {response.query_result.text}")
        response_messages = [
            " ".join(msg.text.text) for msg in response.query_result.response_messages
        ]
        print(f"Response text: {' '.join(response_messages)}\n")

Productionization

Before running your agent in production, be sure to implement the productionization best practices.