查看清单

每个部署都有对应的清单。清单属于只读属性,用于描述部署中的所有资源,并且每次创建新部署时都会自动创建清单。清单一经创建便不可修改。清单不同于配置文件,但是基于配置文件创建。

准备工作

清单结构

一个清单提供一个部署的三种视图:

  • 初始配置
  • 展开所有模板和导入后的全面评估的配置
  • 部署的布局,以层次结构的形式描述部署的所有资源。

原始配置

原始配置是为部署提供的配置,未进行任何模板展开。初始配置由 config 属性体现:

config: |
  imports:
  - path: vm-template.jinja
  - path: network-template.jinja
  - path: firewall-template.jinja
  - path: compute-engine-template.jinja

  resources:
  - name: compute-engine-setup
    type: compute-engine-template.jinja

展开的配置

展开的配置是处理完所有模板后对部署的完整描述,包括所有资源及其属性。这是配置的最终状态。

清单的展开配置部分由 expandedConfig 属性体现:

expandedConfig: |
  resources:
  - name: datadisk-example-config-with-templates
    properties:
      sizeGb: 100
      type: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-a/diskTypes/pd-standard
      zone: us-central1-a
    type: compute.v1.disk
  - name: vm-example-config-with-templates
    properties:
      disks:
      - autoDelete: true
        boot: true
        deviceName: boot
        initializeParams:
          diskName: disk-example-config-with-templates
          sourceImage: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/debian-cloud/global/images/debian-7-wheezy-v20140619
        type: PERSISTENT
      - autoDelete: true
        deviceName: datadisk-example-config-with-templates
        source: $(ref.datadisk-example-config-with-templates.selfLink)
        type: PERSISTENT
      machineType: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-a/machineTypes/f1-micro
      metadata:
        items:
        - key: startup-script
          value: |
            #!/bin/bash
            python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080
      networkInterfaces:
      - accessConfigs:
        - name: External NAT
          type: ONE_TO_ONE_NAT
        network: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/global/networks/default
      zone: us-central1-a
    type: compute.v1.instance

导入的模板

清单中的 imports 属性显示您为此配置导入的所有模板的内容。清单的导入部分由 imports 部分体现:

imports:
- content: |
    resources:
    - name: {{ env["name"] }}
      type: compute.v1.instance
      properties:
        disks:
        - autoDelete: true
          type: PERSISTENT
          boot: true
          deviceName: boot
          initializeParams:
            sourceImage:  https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/debian-cloud/global/images/debian-7-wheezy-v20140619
        machineType: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/{{ env["project"] }}/zones/{{ properties["zone"] }}/machineTypes/{{ properties["machineType"] }}
        networkInterfaces:
        - network: $(ref.{{ properties["network"] }}.selfLink)
          accessConfigs:
          - name: External NAT
            type: ONE_TO_ONE_NAT
        zone: {{ properties["zone"] }}
        metadata:
          items:
          - key: startup-script
            value: |
              #!/bin/bash
              INSTANCE=$(curl http://metadata.google.internal/computeMetadata/v1/instance/hostname -H "Metadata-Flavor: Google")
              echo "<html><header><title>Hello from Deployment Manager!</title></header>
              <body><h2>Hello from $INSTANCE</h2>
              <p>Deployment Manager bids you good day!</p>
              </body>
              </html>" > index.html
              python -m SimpleHTTPServer 80
  name: vm-template.jinja
- content: |
    resources:
    - name: {{ env["name"] }}
      type: compute.v1.network
      properties:
        IPv4Range: 10.0.0.1/16
  name: network-template.jinja
- content: |
    resources:
    - name: {{ env["name"]}}
      type: compute.v1.firewall
      properties:
        network: $(ref.{{ properties["network"] }}.selfLink)
        sourceRanges: ["0.0.0.0/0"]
        allowed:
        - IPProtocol: TCP
          ports: ["80"]
  name: firewall-template.jinja
- content: |
    {% set  NETWORK_NAME = "a-new-network" %}

    resources:
    - name: the-first-vm
      type: vm-template.jinja
      properties:
        machineType: f1-micro
        zone: us-central1-f
        network: {{ NETWORK_NAME }}
    - name: the-second-vm
      type: vm-template.jinja
      properties:
        machineType: g1-small
        zone: us-central1-f
        network: {{ NETWORK_NAME }}
    - name: {{ NETWORK_NAME }}
      type: network-template.jinja
    - name: {{ NETWORK_NAME }}-firewall
      type: firewall-template.jinja
      properties:
        network: {{ NETWORK_NAME }}
  name: compute-engine-template.jinja

布局

布局是部署及其资源的概览,并显示资源名称和类型。

使用布局可直观显示部署结构,以及查看初始部署期间设置的模板属性和配置展开之前的其他配置相关信息。

在清单中,您可以在 layout 属性中查看布局:

layout: |
  resources:
  - name: compute-engine-setup
    resources:
    - name: the-first-vm
      properties:
        machineType: f1-micro
        network: a-new-network
        zone: us-central1-f
      resources:
      - name: the-first-vm
        type: compute.v1.instance
      type: vm-template.jinja
    - name: the-second-vm
      properties:
        machineType: g1-small
        network: a-new-network
        zone: us-central1-f
      resources:
      - name: the-second-vm
        type: compute.v1.instance
      type: vm-template.jinja
    - name: a-new-network
      resources:
      - name: a-new-network
        type: compute.v1.network
      type: network-template.jinja
    - name: a-new-network-firewall
      properties:
        network: a-new-network
      resources:
      - name: a-new-network-firewall
        type: compute.v1.firewall
      type: firewall-template.jinja
    type: compute-engine-template.jinja

标识清单

您可以通过清单的唯一 ID 来标识清单,ID 格式为 manifest-TIMESTAMP。例如:

manifest-1436393348324

如需获取清单 ID,您通常可以通过获取关于对应部署的信息,或列出某个部署的清单。

gcloud

gcloud 命令行工具中,使用 deployments describe 子命令:

gcloud deployment-manager deployments describe example-deployment

gcloud 会返回类似于如下所示的响应:

id: '7428522736135856060'
manifest: https://www.googleapis.com/deploymentmanager/v2beta1/projects/myproject/global/deployments/example-deployment/manifests/manifest-1436393348324
name: example-deployment
resources:
NAME    TYPE      ID     STATE   ERRORS
...

API

在 API 中,发出 GET 请求,在请求中提供部署名称:

GET https://www.googleapis.com/deploymentmanager/v2beta1/projects/myproject/global/deployments/example-deployment-with-config

您应该会收到类似如下所示的响应:

{
 "id": "5899501332770090517",
 "creationTimestamp": "2015-03-30T15:40:58.809-07:00",
 "name": "example-deployment-with-config",
 "fingerprint": "",
 "manifest": "https://www.googleapis.com/deploymentmanager/v2/projects/myproject/global/deployments/example-deployment-with-config/manifests/manifest-1427755258810-2b3498d9-530b-4f8e-b014-0342d3c9c66b",
 "state": "DEPLOYED"
}

查看清单

您可以向清单资源发出 get() 请求来查看清单,也可以通过 Google Cloud Consolegcloud 查看清单。

控制台

要在 Google Cloud Console 中查看部署的清单,请执行以下操作:

  1. 转到 Cloud Console 中的部署页面。
  2. 在列表中,点击要查看的部署。
  3. 在部署的详细信息中,点击概览

gcloud

gcloud 命令行工具中,使用 manifests describe 命令查看完整清单。该命令会列出完整清单和布局:

gcloud deployment-manager manifests describe manifest-1436393348324 \
    --deployment example-config-with-templates

gcloud 会返回类似于如下所示的响应:

 config: |
   imports: ["vm_template.jinja"]

resources:

  • name: vm-instance type: vm_template.jinja properties: zone: us-central1-a project: myproject creationTimestamp: '2015-03-30T15:40:58.815-07:00' evaluatedConfig: | resources:
  • name: datadisk-example-config-with-templates properties: sizeGb: 100 type: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-a/diskTypes/pd-standard zone: us-central1-a type: compute.v1.disk
  • name: vm-example-config-with-templates properties: disks:
    • autoDelete: true boot: true deviceName: boot initializeParams: diskName: disk-example-config-with-templates sourceImage: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/debian-cloud/global/images/debian-7-wheezy-v20140619 type: PERSISTENT
    • autoDelete: true deviceName: datadisk-example-config-with-templates source: $(ref.datadisk-example-config-with-templates.selfLink) type: PERSISTENT machineType: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-a/machineTypes/f1-micro metadata: items:
      • key: startup-script value: | #!/bin/bash python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080 networkInterfaces:
    • accessConfigs:
      • name: External NAT type: ONE_TO_ONE_NAT network: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/global/networks/default zone: us-central1-a type: compute.v1.instance id: '7174699452487462421' layout: | resources:
  • name: vm-instance type: vm_template.jinja properties: project: myproject zone: us-central1-a resources:
    • name: datadisk-example-config-with-templates type: compute.v1.disk
    • name: vm-example-config-with-templates type: compute.v1.instance name: manifest-1427755258810-2b3498d9-530b-4f8e-b014-0342d3c9c66b selfLink: https://www.googleapis.com/deploymentmanager/v2/projects/myproject/global/deployments/example-config-with-templates/manifests/manifest-1436393348324

API

在 API 中,在 GET 请求中提供部署名称和清单名称:

 GET https://www.googleapis.com/deploymentmanager/v2beta1/projects/myproject/global/deployments/example-deployment/manifests/manifest-1436393348324

您应该会收到类似如下所示的响应:

{
 "id": "7174699452487462421",
 "selfLink": "https://www.googleapis.com/deploymentmanager/v2/projects/myproject/global/deployments/example-config-with-templates/manifests/manifest-1436393348324",
 "creationTimestamp": "2015-03-30T15:40:58.815-07:00",
 "name": "manifest-1427755258810-2b3498d9-530b-4f8e-b014-0342d3c9c66b",
 "config": "imports: [\"vm_template.jinja\"]\n\nresources:\n- name: vm-instance\n  type: vm_template.jinja\n  properties:\n    zone: us-central1-a\n    project: myproject\n",
 "evaluatedConfig": "resources:\n- name: datadisk-example-config-with-templates\n  properties:\n    sizeGb: 100\n    type: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-a/diskTypes/pd-standard\n    zone: us-central1-a\n  type: compute.v1.disk\n- name: vm-example-config-with-templates\n  properties:\n    disks:\n    - autoDelete: true\n      boot: true\n      deviceName: boot\n      initializeParams:\n        diskName: disk-example-config-with-templates\n        sourceImage: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/debian-cloud/global/images/debian-7-wheezy-v20140619\n      type: PERSISTENT\n    - autoDelete: true\n      deviceName: datadisk-example-config-with-templates\n      source: $(ref.datadisk-example-config-with-templates.selfLink)\n      type: PERSISTENT\n    machineType: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-a/machineTypes/f1-micro\n    metadata:\n      items:\n      - key: startup-script\n        value: |\n          #!/bin/bash\n          python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080\n    networkInterfaces:\n    - accessConfigs:\n      - name: External NAT\n        type: ONE_TO_ONE_NAT\n      network: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/global/networks/default\n    zone: us-central1-a\n  type: compute.v1.instance\n",
 "layout": "resources:\n- name: vm-instance\n  properties:\n    project: myproject\n    zone: us-central1-a\n  resources:\n  - name: datadisk-example-config-with-templates\n    type: compute.v1.disk\n  - name: vm-example-config-with-templates\n    type: compute.v1.instance\n  type: vm_template.jinja\n"
}