Creating a Basic Configuration

This page describes how to create a configuration that can be used to create a deployment. To learn more about deployments, read Creating a Deployment.

A configuration file defines all the Google Cloud Platform resources that make up a deployment. You must have a configuration file to create a deployment. A configuration file must be written in YAML syntax.

Before you begin

Configuration file structure

A configuration file is written in YAML format and has the following structure:

imports:
- path: path/to/template.jinja
  name: my-template
- path: path/to/another/template.py

resources:
  - name: NAME_OF_RESOURCE
    type: TYPE_OF_RESOURCE
    properties:
      property-a: value
      property-b: value
      ...
      property-z: value
  - name: NAME_OF_RESOURCE
    type: TYPE_OF_RESOURCE
    properties:
      property-a: value
      property-b: value
      ...
      property-z: value

Each of the sections define a different part of the deployment:

  • The imports sections is a list of template files that will be used by the configuration. Deployment Manager recursively expands any imported templates to form your final configuration.

  • The resources section is a list of resources that make up this deployment. A resource can be:

You can also include other optional sections, such as the outputs and metadata sections. The outputs section allows you to expose data from your templates and configurations as outputs for other templates in the same deployment to consume or as outputs for your end users, while the metadata section lets you use other features, like setting explicit dependencies between resources.

At the minimum, a configuration must always declare the resources section, followed by a list of resources. Other sections are optional.

Declaring a resource type

Each resource in your configuration must be specified as a type. Types can be a Google-managed base type, a composite type, a type provider, or an imported template.

Google-managed base types are types that resolve to GCP resources. For example, a Cloud SQL instance or a Cloud Storage bucket is a Google-managed base type. You can declare these types using the following syntax:

type: <api>.<api-version>.<resource-type>

For example, a Compute Engine instance would have the following type:

type: compute.v1.instance

For a BigQuery database, the type might be:

type: bigquery.v2.dataset

For a list of all supported types, use the following command:

gcloud deployment-manager types list

For a full list of supported Google-managed base types, see Supported Resource Types.

If you are using a composite or type provider, declare the type as follows:

# Composite type

resources:
- name: my-composite-type
  type: [PROJECT]/composite:[TYPE_NAME]

For a type provider:

# Base type

resources:
- name: my-base-type
  type: [PROJECT_ID]/[TYPE_PROVIDER_NAME]:[TYPE_NAME]

You can also create resources using Google-managed type providers (beta). For a list of Google Cloud Platform type providers, see Supported Type Providers.

If you want to use templates, declare the template as a type, with the template name or path as the value of type. For example, the following configuration imports a template called my_vm_template.jinja and provides it as a type:

imports:
- path: path/to/template/my_vm_template.jinja
  name: my-template.jinja

resources:
- name: my-first-virtual-machine
  type: my-template.jinja

For more information about templates, read Creating a Basic Template.

Declaring resource properties

After declaring the type of resource, you must also give the resource a name and specify the properties you want for the resource. For example, the following configuration file defines a virtual machine instance called vm-created-by-deployment-manager and its desired properties. Deployment Manager uses this information to create a VM instance that has these properties.

# Copyright 2016 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

resources:
- name: vm-created-by-deployment-manager
  type: compute.v1.instance
  properties:
    zone: us-central1-a
    machineType: zones/us-central1-a/machineTypes/n1-standard-1
    disks:
    - deviceName: boot
      type: PERSISTENT
      boot: true
      autoDelete: true
      initializeParams:
        sourceImage: projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-9
    networkInterfaces:
    - network: global/networks/default

To determine the properties of a resource, you use the API documentation for the resource:

  • See the request format in the insert or create method for the resource.
  • If the request URI contains the zone, add the zone to the properties.
  • For arrays, use the YAML list syntax to list the elements of the array. For example, if you are creating a Compute Engine instance using the API, you must provide an array of disks to attach to the instance, in the following format:

    "disks": [
      {
        "type": "PERSISTENT",
        "deviceName": "disk1",
        ...
      },
      {
        "type": "PERSISTENT",
        "deviceName": "disk2",
        ...
      }
    ]
    

    In your Deployment Manager configuration, you add these disks using the following syntax:

    disks:
    - deviceName: disk1
      type: PERSISTENT
      ...
    - deviceName: disk2
      type: PERSISTENT
    

You can also provide any writable property of that resource. To determine if a property is writeable, use the API reference documentation for the resource type. For example, the Compute Engine reference marks certain properties that are output only, so you cannot define these properties in your configuration, as they are immutable.

Some APIs require a minimum set of properties for creating a resource. A Compute Engine persistent disk, for example, requires the disk name, image source, size of the disk, and so on, when create a new disk. For information about a specific resource, review the API reference for that resource.

Defining template properties

If you import a template to use in your configuration, you would use the properties section to define values for template properties instead of resource properties. Alternatively, if the template has no template properties, you can omit the properties section altogether.

Creating resources from different GCP services

Finally, a configuration file can create resources from different GCP services. For example, the following configuration file creates resources from Compute Engine and BigQuery:

# Copyright 2016 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

resources:
- name: vm-created-by-deployment-manager
  type: compute.v1.instance
  properties:
    zone: us-central1-a
    machineType: zones/us-central1-a/machineTypes/n1-standard-1
    disks:
    - deviceName: boot
      type: PERSISTENT
      boot: true
      autoDelete: true
      initializeParams:
        sourceImage: projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-9
    networkInterfaces:
    - network: global/networks/default

- name: big-query-dataset
  type: bigquery.v2.dataset
  properties:
    datasetReference:
      datasetId: example_id

Supported resource types and properties

See the full list of supported Google-managed resources in the Supported Resource Types documentation.

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