快速入门:使用 Cloud 客户端库

下面列出的示例代码介绍了如何使用 Cloud 客户端库创建 Dataproc 集群,在集群上运行作业,然后删除集群。

您还可以通过以下方法执行这些任务:

准备工作

  1. 登录您的 Google Cloud 帐号。如果您是 Google Cloud 新手,请创建一个帐号来评估我们的产品在实际场景中的表现。新客户还可获享 $300 赠金,用于运行、测试和部署工作负载。
  2. 在 Google Cloud Console 的项目选择器页面上,选择或创建一个 Google Cloud 项目。

    转到“项目选择器”

  3. 确保您的 Cloud 项目已启用结算功能。 了解如何确认您的项目是否已启用结算功能

  4. 启用 Dataproc API。

    启用 API

运行代码

Go

  1. 安装客户端库 如需了解详情,请参阅设置开发环境
  2. 设置身份验证
  3. 克隆并运行示例 GitHub 代码。
  4. 查看输出。代码会将作业驱动程序日志输出到 Cloud Storage 中的默认 Dataproc 暂存存储分区。从 Cloud Console,您可以在项目的 Dataproc 作业部分中查看作业驱动程序输出。点击“作业详情”页面上的作业 ID 以查看作业输出。


// This quickstart shows how you can use the Dataproc Client library to create a
// Dataproc cluster, submit a PySpark job to the cluster, wait for the job to finish
// and finally delete the cluster.
//
// Usage:
//     go build
//     ./quickstart --project_id <PROJECT_ID> --region <REGION> \
//         --cluster_name <CLUSTER_NAME> --job_file_path <GCS_JOB_FILE_PATH>
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"io/ioutil"
	"log"
	"regexp"

	dataproc "cloud.google.com/go/dataproc/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
	"google.golang.org/api/option"
	dataprocpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/dataproc/v1"
)

func main() {
	var projectID, clusterName, region, jobFilePath string
	flag.StringVar(&projectID, "project_id", "", "Cloud Project ID, used for creating resources.")
	flag.StringVar(&region, "region", "", "Region that resources should be created in.")
	flag.StringVar(&clusterName, "cluster_name", "", "Name of Cloud Dataproc cluster to create.")
	flag.StringVar(&jobFilePath, "job_file_path", "", "Path to job file in GCS.")
	flag.Parse()

	ctx := context.Background()

	// Create the cluster client.
	endpoint := fmt.Sprintf("%s-dataproc.googleapis.com:443", region)
	clusterClient, err := dataproc.NewClusterControllerClient(ctx, option.WithEndpoint(endpoint))
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error creating the cluster client: %s\n", err)
	}

	// Create the cluster config.
	createReq := &dataprocpb.CreateClusterRequest{
		ProjectId: projectID,
		Region:    region,
		Cluster: &dataprocpb.Cluster{
			ProjectId:   projectID,
			ClusterName: clusterName,
			Config: &dataprocpb.ClusterConfig{
				MasterConfig: &dataprocpb.InstanceGroupConfig{
					NumInstances:   1,
					MachineTypeUri: "n1-standard-2",
				},
				WorkerConfig: &dataprocpb.InstanceGroupConfig{
					NumInstances:   2,
					MachineTypeUri: "n1-standard-2",
				},
			},
		},
	}

	// Create the cluster.
	createOp, err := clusterClient.CreateCluster(ctx, createReq)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error submitting the cluster creation request: %v\n", err)
	}

	createResp, err := createOp.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error creating the cluster: %v\n", err)
	}

	// Defer cluster deletion.
	defer func() {
		dReq := &dataprocpb.DeleteClusterRequest{
			ProjectId:   projectID,
			Region:      region,
			ClusterName: clusterName,
		}
		deleteOp, err := clusterClient.DeleteCluster(ctx, dReq)
		deleteOp.Wait(ctx)
		if err != nil {
			fmt.Printf("error deleting cluster %q: %v\n", clusterName, err)
			return
		}
		fmt.Printf("Cluster %q successfully deleted\n", clusterName)
	}()

	// Output a success message.
	fmt.Printf("Cluster created successfully: %q\n", createResp.ClusterName)

	// Create the job client.
	jobClient, err := dataproc.NewJobControllerClient(ctx, option.WithEndpoint(endpoint))

	// Create the job config.
	submitJobReq := &dataprocpb.SubmitJobRequest{
		ProjectId: projectID,
		Region:    region,
		Job: &dataprocpb.Job{
			Placement: &dataprocpb.JobPlacement{
				ClusterName: clusterName,
			},
			TypeJob: &dataprocpb.Job_PysparkJob{
				PysparkJob: &dataprocpb.PySparkJob{
					MainPythonFileUri: jobFilePath,
				},
			},
		},
	}

	submitJobOp, err := jobClient.SubmitJobAsOperation(ctx, submitJobReq)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error with request to submitting job: %v\n", err)
		return
	}

	submitJobResp, err := submitJobOp.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error submitting job: %v\n", err)
		return
	}

	re := regexp.MustCompile("gs://(.+?)/(.+)")
	matches := re.FindStringSubmatch(submitJobResp.DriverOutputResourceUri)

	if len(matches) < 3 {
		fmt.Printf("regex error: %s\n", submitJobResp.DriverOutputResourceUri)
		return
	}

	// Dataproc job outget gets saved to a GCS bucket allocated to it.
	storageClient, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error creating storage client: %v\n", err)
		return
	}

	obj := fmt.Sprintf("%s.000000000", matches[2])
	reader, err := storageClient.Bucket(matches[1]).Object(obj).NewReader(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error reading job output: %v\n", err)
		return
	}

	defer reader.Close()

	body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(reader)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("could not read output from Dataproc Job: %v\n", err)
		return
	}

	fmt.Printf("Job finished successfully: %s", body)
}

Java

  1. 安装客户端库 如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Java 开发环境
  2. 设置身份验证
  3. 克隆并运行示例 GitHub 代码。
  4. 查看输出。代码会将作业驱动程序日志输出到 Cloud Storage 中的默认 Dataproc 暂存存储分区。从 Cloud Console,您可以在项目的 Dataproc 作业部分中查看作业驱动程序输出。点击“作业详情”页面上的作业 ID 以查看作业输出。

/* This quickstart sample walks a user through creating a Cloud Dataproc
 * cluster, submitting a PySpark job from Google Cloud Storage to the
 * cluster, reading the output of the job and deleting the cluster, all
 * using the Java client library.
 *
 * Usage:
 *     mvn clean package -DskipTests
 *
 *     mvn exec:java -Dexec.args="<PROJECT_ID> <REGION> <CLUSTER_NAME> <GCS_JOB_FILE_PATH>"
 *
 *     You can also set these arguments in the main function instead of providing them via the CLI.
 */

import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.Cluster;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.ClusterConfig;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.ClusterControllerClient;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.ClusterControllerSettings;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.ClusterOperationMetadata;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.InstanceGroupConfig;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.Job;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.JobControllerClient;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.JobControllerSettings;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.JobMetadata;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.JobPlacement;
import com.google.cloud.dataproc.v1.PySparkJob;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Blob;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import com.google.protobuf.Empty;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.CompletableFuture;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

public class Quickstart {

  public static void quickstart(
      String projectId, String region, String clusterName, String jobFilePath)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException {
    String myEndpoint = String.format("%s-dataproc.googleapis.com:443", region);

    // Configure the settings for the cluster controller client.
    ClusterControllerSettings clusterControllerSettings =
        ClusterControllerSettings.newBuilder().setEndpoint(myEndpoint).build();

    // Configure the settings for the job controller client.
    JobControllerSettings jobControllerSettings =
        JobControllerSettings.newBuilder().setEndpoint(myEndpoint).build();

    // Create both a cluster controller client and job controller client with the
    // configured settings. The client only needs to be created once and can be reused for
    // multiple requests. Using a try-with-resources closes the client, but this can also be done
    // manually with the .close() method.
    try (ClusterControllerClient clusterControllerClient =
            ClusterControllerClient.create(clusterControllerSettings);
        JobControllerClient jobControllerClient =
            JobControllerClient.create(jobControllerSettings)) {
      // Configure the settings for our cluster.
      InstanceGroupConfig masterConfig =
          InstanceGroupConfig.newBuilder()
              .setMachineTypeUri("n1-standard-2")
              .setNumInstances(1)
              .build();
      InstanceGroupConfig workerConfig =
          InstanceGroupConfig.newBuilder()
              .setMachineTypeUri("n1-standard-2")
              .setNumInstances(2)
              .build();
      ClusterConfig clusterConfig =
          ClusterConfig.newBuilder()
              .setMasterConfig(masterConfig)
              .setWorkerConfig(workerConfig)
              .build();
      // Create the cluster object with the desired cluster config.
      Cluster cluster =
          Cluster.newBuilder().setClusterName(clusterName).setConfig(clusterConfig).build();

      // Create the Cloud Dataproc cluster.
      OperationFuture<Cluster, ClusterOperationMetadata> createClusterAsyncRequest =
          clusterControllerClient.createClusterAsync(projectId, region, cluster);
      Cluster clusterResponse = createClusterAsyncRequest.get();
      System.out.println(
          String.format("Cluster created successfully: %s", clusterResponse.getClusterName()));

      // Configure the settings for our job.
      JobPlacement jobPlacement = JobPlacement.newBuilder().setClusterName(clusterName).build();
      PySparkJob pySparkJob = PySparkJob.newBuilder().setMainPythonFileUri(jobFilePath).build();
      Job job = Job.newBuilder().setPlacement(jobPlacement).setPysparkJob(pySparkJob).build();

      // Submit an asynchronous request to execute the job.
      OperationFuture<Job, JobMetadata> submitJobAsOperationAsyncRequest =
          jobControllerClient.submitJobAsOperationAsync(projectId, region, job);
      Job jobResponse = submitJobAsOperationAsyncRequest.get();

      // Print output from Google Cloud Storage.
      Matcher matches =
          Pattern.compile("gs://(.*?)/(.*)").matcher(jobResponse.getDriverOutputResourceUri());
      matches.matches();

      Storage storage = StorageOptions.getDefaultInstance().getService();
      Blob blob = storage.get(matches.group(1), String.format("%s.000000000", matches.group(2)));

      System.out.println(
          String.format("Job finished successfully: %s", new String(blob.getContent())));

      // Delete the cluster.
      OperationFuture<Empty, ClusterOperationMetadata> deleteClusterAsyncRequest =
          clusterControllerClient.deleteClusterAsync(projectId, region, clusterName);
      deleteClusterAsyncRequest.get();
      System.out.println(String.format("Cluster \"%s\" successfully deleted.", clusterName));

    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      System.err.println(String.format("quickstart: %s ", e.getMessage()));
    }
  }

  public static void main(String... args) throws IOException, InterruptedException {
    if (args.length != 4) {
      System.err.println(
          "Insufficient number of parameters provided. Please make sure a "
              + "PROJECT_ID, REGION, CLUSTER_NAME and JOB_FILE_PATH are provided, in this order.");
      return;
    }

    String projectId = args[0]; // project-id of project to create the cluster in
    String region = args[1]; // region to create the cluster
    String clusterName = args[2]; // name of the cluster
    String jobFilePath = args[3]; // location in GCS of the PySpark job

    quickstart(projectId, region, clusterName, jobFilePath);
  }
}

Node.js

  1. 安装客户端库 如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Node.js 开发环境
  2. 设置身份验证
  3. 克隆并运行示例 GitHub 代码。
  4. 查看输出。代码会将作业驱动程序日志输出到 Cloud Storage 中的默认 Dataproc 暂存存储分区。从 Cloud Console,您可以在项目的 Dataproc 作业部分中查看作业驱动程序输出。点击“作业详情”页面上的作业 ID 以查看作业输出。

// This quickstart sample walks a user through creating a Dataproc
// cluster, submitting a PySpark job from Google Cloud Storage to the
// cluster, reading the output of the job and deleting the cluster, all
// using the Node.js client library.

'use strict';

function main(projectId, region, clusterName, jobFilePath) {
  const dataproc = require('@google-cloud/dataproc');
  const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

  // Create a cluster client with the endpoint set to the desired cluster region
  const clusterClient = new dataproc.v1.ClusterControllerClient({
    apiEndpoint: `${region}-dataproc.googleapis.com`,
    projectId: projectId,
  });

  // Create a job client with the endpoint set to the desired cluster region
  const jobClient = new dataproc.v1.JobControllerClient({
    apiEndpoint: `${region}-dataproc.googleapis.com`,
    projectId: projectId,
  });

  async function quickstart() {
    // Create the cluster config
    const cluster = {
      projectId: projectId,
      region: region,
      cluster: {
        clusterName: clusterName,
        config: {
          masterConfig: {
            numInstances: 1,
            machineTypeUri: 'n1-standard-2',
          },
          workerConfig: {
            numInstances: 2,
            machineTypeUri: 'n1-standard-2',
          },
        },
      },
    };

    // Create the cluster
    const [operation] = await clusterClient.createCluster(cluster);
    const [response] = await operation.promise();

    // Output a success message
    console.log(`Cluster created successfully: ${response.clusterName}`);

    const job = {
      projectId: projectId,
      region: region,
      job: {
        placement: {
          clusterName: clusterName,
        },
        pysparkJob: {
          mainPythonFileUri: jobFilePath,
        },
      },
    };

    const [jobOperation] = await jobClient.submitJobAsOperation(job);
    const [jobResponse] = await jobOperation.promise();

    const matches = jobResponse.driverOutputResourceUri.match(
      'gs://(.*?)/(.*)'
    );

    const storage = new Storage();

    const output = await storage
      .bucket(matches[1])
      .file(`${matches[2]}.000000000`)
      .download();

    // Output a success message.
    console.log(`Job finished successfully: ${output}`);

    // Delete the cluster once the job has terminated.
    const deleteClusterReq = {
      projectId: projectId,
      region: region,
      clusterName: clusterName,
    };

    const [deleteOperation] = await clusterClient.deleteCluster(
      deleteClusterReq
    );
    await deleteOperation.promise();

    // Output a success message
    console.log(`Cluster ${clusterName} successfully deleted.`);
  }

  quickstart();
}

const args = process.argv.slice(2);

if (args.length !== 4) {
  console.log(
    'Insufficient number of parameters provided. Please make sure a ' +
      'PROJECT_ID, REGION, CLUSTER_NAME and JOB_FILE_PATH are provided, in this order.'
  );
}

main(...args);

Python

  1. 安装客户端库 如需了解详情,请参阅设置 Python 开发环境
  2. 设置身份验证
  3. 克隆并运行示例 GitHub 代码。
  4. 查看输出。代码会将作业驱动程序日志输出到 Cloud Storage 中的默认 Dataproc 暂存存储分区。从 Cloud Console,您可以在项目的 Dataproc 作业部分中查看作业驱动程序输出。点击“作业详情”页面上的作业 ID 以查看作业输出。

"""
This quickstart sample walks a user through creating a Cloud Dataproc
cluster, submitting a PySpark job from Google Cloud Storage to the
cluster, reading the output of the job and deleting the cluster, all
using the Python client library.

Usage:
    python quickstart.py --project_id <PROJECT_ID> --region <REGION> \
        --cluster_name <CLUSTER_NAME> --job_file_path <GCS_JOB_FILE_PATH>
"""

import argparse
import re

from google.cloud import dataproc_v1 as dataproc
from google.cloud import storage

def quickstart(project_id, region, cluster_name, job_file_path):
    # Create the cluster client.
    cluster_client = dataproc.ClusterControllerClient(
        client_options={"api_endpoint": "{}-dataproc.googleapis.com:443".format(region)}
    )

    # Create the cluster config.
    cluster = {
        "project_id": project_id,
        "cluster_name": cluster_name,
        "config": {
            "master_config": {"num_instances": 1, "machine_type_uri": "n1-standard-2"},
            "worker_config": {"num_instances": 2, "machine_type_uri": "n1-standard-2"},
        },
    }

    # Create the cluster.
    operation = cluster_client.create_cluster(
        request={"project_id": project_id, "region": region, "cluster": cluster}
    )
    result = operation.result()

    print("Cluster created successfully: {}".format(result.cluster_name))

    # Create the job client.
    job_client = dataproc.JobControllerClient(
        client_options={"api_endpoint": "{}-dataproc.googleapis.com:443".format(region)}
    )

    # Create the job config.
    job = {
        "placement": {"cluster_name": cluster_name},
        "pyspark_job": {"main_python_file_uri": job_file_path},
    }

    operation = job_client.submit_job_as_operation(
        request={"project_id": project_id, "region": region, "job": job}
    )
    response = operation.result()

    # Dataproc job output gets saved to the Google Cloud Storage bucket
    # allocated to the job. Use a regex to obtain the bucket and blob info.
    matches = re.match("gs://(.*?)/(.*)", response.driver_output_resource_uri)

    output = (
        storage.Client()
        .get_bucket(matches.group(1))
        .blob(f"{matches.group(2)}.000000000")
        .download_as_string()
    )

    print(f"Job finished successfully: {output}")

    # Delete the cluster once the job has terminated.
    operation = cluster_client.delete_cluster(
        request={
            "project_id": project_id,
            "region": region,
            "cluster_name": cluster_name,
        }
    )
    operation.result()

    print("Cluster {} successfully deleted.".format(cluster_name))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
        description=__doc__, formatter_class=argparse.RawDescriptionHelpFormatter,
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        "--project_id",
        type=str,
        required=True,
        help="Project to use for creating resources.",
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        "--region",
        type=str,
        required=True,
        help="Region where the resources should live.",
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        "--cluster_name",
        type=str,
        required=True,
        help="Name to use for creating a cluster.",
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        "--job_file_path",
        type=str,
        required=True,
        help="Job in GCS to execute against the cluster.",
    )

    args = parser.parse_args()
    quickstart(args.project_id, args.region, args.cluster_name, args.job_file_path)

后续步骤

  • 请参阅关于 Dataproc Cloud 客户端库的其他资源