Apply Conditional Transformations

In your transform steps, you can apply conditional logic to determine if transformational changes should occur. You can build logical tests into your transformations in multiple levels:

  • Single- and multi-case transforms: Use case-based transforms to test if-then or case logic against your dataset and to apply the specified results.
  • Conditional functions: IF and CASE functions can be applied to any transform that accepts functional expressions.
  • Logical operators: You can use AND or OR logic to build your conditional expressions.

Single- and Multi-Case Transforms

Through the Transform Builder, you can build conditional tests using if/then/else or case logic to generate results in a new column.

  1. In the Transform Builder, enter case.
  2. You can choose one of three different logical transforms:
    1. If-then-else: Specify any logical test that evaluates to true or false and specify values if true (then) or if false (else).
    2. Single-column case: Test for explicit values in a column and, if true, write specific values to the new column.
    3. Custom conditions: Specify any number of case statements, which can have completely independent expressions:
      1. Case 1 is tested, and a value is written if true.
      2. If Case 1 is false, then Case 2 is tested. If true, a different value can be written.
      3. Supports an arbitrary number of independent conditional cases.
  3. Specify the other parameters, including the name of the new column.

After the transform is added to the recipe, actions can then be taken based on the values in this new column.

For more information, see Case Transform.

Conditional Functions

You can also apply conditional logical as part of your function definitions for other transforms.

IF function

For example, the following replaces values in the same column with IN if they are greater than 0.5 or OUT otherwise:

set col: testCol value:IF($col >= 0.5, 'IN','OUT')

In the above, the token $col is a reference back to the value defined for the column (testCol in this case). However, you can replace it with a reference to any column in the dataset.

You can use the IF function in any transform that accepts functional inputs. For more information, see IF Function.

CASE function

You can change together IF functions in the following manner:

set col: testCol value:IF($col >= 0.5, 'IN',(IF($col >= 0.35, 'MAYBE IN','OUT')))

However, these can become problematic to debug. Instead, you can use the CASE function to assist in building more complex logical trees. The following is more legible and easier to manage in the Transform Builder:

set col:testCol value:CASE([ $col >= 0.75, 'IN', $col >= 0.35, 'MAYBE IN', 'OUT'])

If testTestOutput if true
If:$col >= 0.75IN
If above is false:$col >= 0.35
MAYBE IN
If above is false:defaultOUT

For more information, see CASE Function.

Logical Operators

Logical operators can be applied to your function expressions to expand the range of your logical tests.

In the above example, suppose you have a second column called, Paid, which contains Boolean values. You could expand the previous statement to include a test to see if Paid=true:

set col:testCol value:CASE([ ($col >= 0.75 && Paid == true), 'IN', ($col >= 0.35 && Paid == true), 'MAYBE IN', 'OUT'])

The above performs a logical AND operation on the two expressions in each tested case. The logical operator is &&.

You can also reference explicit functions to perform logical tests. The above might be replaced with the following:

set col:testCol value:CASE([ AND($col >= 0.75, Paid == true), 'IN', AND($col >= 0.35, Paid == true), 'MAYBE IN', 'OUT'])

LogicLogical OperatorLogical Function
Logical AND(exp1 && exp2)AND(exp1,exp2)
Logical OR(exp1 || exp2)OR(exp1,exp2)
Logical NOT!(exp1 == exp2)NOT(exp1,exp2)

Depending on the structure of your transform and your preferences, either form may be used.

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