A Dataflow regional endpoint stores and handles metadata about your Dataflow job, and deploys and controls your Dataflow workers.
Regional endpoint names follow a standard convention based on Compute Engine
For example, the name for the Central US region is
Dataflow provides regional endpoints for the following regions:
Why specify a regional endpoint?
There are situations where specifying a regional endpoint for your Dataflow job may be useful.
Security and compliance
You might need to constrain Dataflow job processing to a specific geographic region in support of your project’s security and compliance needs.
You can minimize network latency and network transport costs by running a Dataflow job from the same region as its sources, sinks, and staging/temporary file locations. It important to note that if you use sources, sinks, or staging/temporary file locations that are located outside of your job's region, your data might be sent across regions.
Notes about common Dataflow job sources:
- Cloud Storage buckets can be regional or multi-regional resources: When using a Cloud Storage regional bucket as a source, Google recommends that you perform read operations in the same region. When using a Cloud Storage multi-regional bucket as a source, we recommend that you perform read operations in the same region.
- Pub/Sub topics are global resources and do not have regional considerations.
Resilience and geographic separation
You might want to isolate your normal Dataflow operations from outages that could occur in other geographic regions. Or, you may need to plan alternate sites for business continuity in the event of a region-wide disaster.
Auto Zone placement
By default, a regional endpoint automatically selects the best zone within the region based on the available zone capacity at the time of the job creation request. Automatic zone selection helps ensure that job workers run in the best zone for your job.
Using regional endpoints
Note: Regional endpoint configuration requires
Apache Beam SDK version 2.0.0 or higher. If you are using the
Dataflow SDK 1.x, note that it uses the
To specify a regional endpoint for your job, set the
--region option to one of
the supported regional endpoints. If you do not specify a regional endpoint,
us-central1 as the default region, and job workers
will start in zones within
us-central1. If the regional endpoint
differs from the default region, the region needs to be specified in every Cloud
Dataflow command for this job to avoid errors.
The Cloud Dataflow Command-line Interface
also supports the
--region option to specify regional endpoints.
Overriding the zone
By default, when you submit a job with the
--region parameter, the regional
endpoint automatically assigns workers to the best zone within the
region. However, you may want to specify both a region and a zone (using
--zone) in the following cases.
Your workers are in a zone that does not have a regional endpoint, and you want to use a regional endpoint that is closer to that zone.
You want to ensure that data processing for your Dataflow job occurs strictly in a specific zone.
For all other cases, we do not recommend overriding the zone. The common scenarios table contains usage recommendations for these situations.
You can run the
gcloud compute regions list command to see a listing of
regions that have available zones for worker deployment.
The following table contains usage recommendations for common scenarios.
|I want to use a supported regional endpoint and have no zone preference within the region. In this case, the regional endpoint automatically selects the best zone based on available capacity.||Use
|I need worker processing to occur in a specific zone of a region that has a regional endpoint.||Specify both
|I need worker processing to occur in a specific region that does not have a regional endpoint.||Specify both
|I need to use Dataflow Shuffle.||Use