Écrire une valeur de manière conditionnelle

Envoyer une requête d'écriture conditionnelle. Ce type d'écriture exécute une requête API CheckAndMutateRow.

Pages de documentation incluant cet exemple de code

Pour afficher l'exemple de code utilisé en contexte, consultez la documentation suivante :

Exemple de code

C#

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.


using System;
using Google.Cloud.Bigtable.V2;
using Google.Cloud.Bigtable.Common.V2;

namespace Writes
{
    public class WriteConditional
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Check if a row has a certain value then mutate the row if it does.
        ///</summary>
        /// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
        /// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
        /// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>
        public string writeConditional(
            string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID",
            string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID",
            string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
        {
            BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();

            TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
            BigtableByteString rowkey = new BigtableByteString("phone#4c410523#20190501");
            BigtableVersion timestamp = new BigtableVersion(DateTime.UtcNow);
            String COLUMN_FAMILY = "stats_summary";

            CheckAndMutateRowResponse checkAndMutateRowResponse = bigtableClient.CheckAndMutateRow(
                tableName,
                rowkey,
                RowFilters.Chain(
                    RowFilters.FamilyNameExact(COLUMN_FAMILY),
                    RowFilters.ColumnQualifierExact("os_build"),
                    RowFilters.ValueRegex("PQ2A\\..*")),
                Mutations.SetCell(COLUMN_FAMILY, "os_name", "android", timestamp));

            return $"Successfully updated row's os_name: {checkAndMutateRowResponse.PredicateMatched}";
        }
    }
}

C++

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.

namespace cbt = ::google::cloud::bigtable;
[](cbt::Table table) {
  auto timestamp = std::chrono::duration_cast<std::chrono::milliseconds>(
      std::chrono::system_clock::now().time_since_epoch());

  std::string row_key = "phone#4c410523#20190501";
  cbt::SingleRowMutation mutation(row_key);
  std::string column_family = "stats_summary";
  cbt::Filter predicate = cbt::Filter::Chain(
      cbt::Filter::ColumnName(column_family, "os_build"),
      cbt::Filter::Latest(1), cbt::Filter::ValueRegex("PQ2A\\..*"));

  google::cloud::StatusOr<cbt::MutationBranch> branch =
      table.CheckAndMutateRow(
          row_key, std::move(predicate),
          {cbt::SetCell(column_family, "os_name", timestamp, "android")}, {});

  if (!branch) throw std::runtime_error(branch.status().message());
  if (*branch == cbt::MutationBranch::kPredicateMatched) {
    std::cout << "Successfully updated row\n";
  } else {
    std::cout << "The predicate was not matched\n";
  }
}

Go

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/bigtable"
)

func writeConditionally(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	columnFamilyName := "stats_summary"
	timestamp := bigtable.Now()

	mut := bigtable.NewMutation()
	mut.Set(columnFamilyName, "os_name", timestamp, []byte("android"))

	filter := bigtable.ChainFilters(
		bigtable.FamilyFilter(columnFamilyName),
		bigtable.ColumnFilter("os_build"),
		bigtable.ValueFilter("PQ2A\\..*"))
	conditionalMutation := bigtable.NewCondMutation(filter, mut, nil)

	rowKey := "phone#4c410523#20190501"
	if err := tbl.Apply(ctx, rowKey, conditionalMutation); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Apply: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Successfully updated row's os_name")
	return nil
}

Java

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.


import static com.google.cloud.bigtable.data.v2.models.Filters.FILTERS;

import com.google.cloud.bigtable.data.v2.BigtableDataClient;
import com.google.cloud.bigtable.data.v2.models.ConditionalRowMutation;
import com.google.cloud.bigtable.data.v2.models.Filters.Filter;
import com.google.cloud.bigtable.data.v2.models.Mutation;

public class WriteConditionally {
  private static final String COLUMN_FAMILY_NAME = "stats_summary";

  public static void writeConditionally(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
    // String projectId = "my-project-id";
    // String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
    // String tableId = "mobile-time-series";

    try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
      long timestamp = System.currentTimeMillis() * 1000;

      String rowkey = "phone#4c410523#20190501";

      Mutation mutation =
          Mutation.create().setCell(COLUMN_FAMILY_NAME, "os_name", timestamp, "android");

      Filter filter =
          FILTERS
              .chain()
              .filter(FILTERS.family().exactMatch(COLUMN_FAMILY_NAME))
              .filter(FILTERS.qualifier().exactMatch("os_build"))
              .filter(FILTERS.value().regex("PQ2A\\..*"));

      ConditionalRowMutation conditionalRowMutation =
          ConditionalRowMutation.create(tableId, rowkey).condition(filter).then(mutation);

      boolean success = dataClient.checkAndMutateRow(conditionalRowMutation);

      System.out.printf("Successfully updated row's os_name: %b", success);

    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println("Error during WriteConditionally: \n" + e.toString());
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const instanceId = 'YOUR_INSTANCE_ID';
// const tableId = 'YOUR_TABLE_ID';

const {Bigtable} = require('@google-cloud/bigtable');

const bigtable = new Bigtable();

async function writeConditionally() {
  const instance = bigtable.instance(instanceId);
  const table = instance.table(tableId);

  const timestamp = new Date();
  const row = table.row('phone#4c410523#20190501');
  const filter = [
    {
      column: 'os_build',
      value: {
        start: 'PQ2A',
        end: 'PQ2A',
      },
    },
  ];

  const config = {
    onMatch: [
      {
        method: 'insert',
        data: {
          stats_summary: {
            os_name: 'android',
            timestamp,
          },
        },
      },
    ],
  };

  await row.filter(filter, config);

  console.log("Successfully updated row's os_name");
}

writeConditionally();

PHP

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.

use Google\Cloud\Bigtable\BigtableClient;
use Google\Cloud\Bigtable\Filter;
use Google\Cloud\Bigtable\Mutations;

/**
 * Write data conditionally in a table
 *
 * @param string $projectId The Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $instanceId The ID of the Bigtable instance
 * @param string $tableId The ID of the table where the data needs to be written
 */
function write_conditionally(
    string $projectId,
    string $instanceId,
    string $tableId = 'mobile-time-series'
): void {
    // Connect to an existing table with an existing instance.
    $dataClient = new BigtableClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);
    $table = $dataClient->table($instanceId, $tableId);

    $timestampMicros = time() * 1000 * 1000;
    $columnFamilyId = 'stats_summary';

    $mutations = (new Mutations())->upsert($columnFamilyId, "os_name", "android", $timestampMicros);
    $predicateFilter = Filter::chain()
    ->addFilter(Filter::family()->exactMatch($columnFamilyId))
    ->addFilter(Filter::qualifier()->exactMatch('os_build'))
    ->addFilter(Filter::value()->regex('PQ2A.*'));
    $options = ['predicateFilter' => $predicateFilter, 'trueMutations' => $mutations];

    $table->checkAndMutateRow("phone#4c410523#20190501", $options);

    printf('Successfully updated row\'s os_name' . PHP_EOL);
}

Python

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.

import datetime

from google.cloud import bigtable
from google.cloud.bigtable import row_filters

def write_conditional(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)

    timestamp = datetime.datetime.utcnow()
    column_family_id = "stats_summary"

    row_key = "phone#4c410523#20190501"

    row_filter = row_filters.RowFilterChain(
        filters=[row_filters.FamilyNameRegexFilter(column_family_id),
                 row_filters.ColumnQualifierRegexFilter('os_build'),
                 row_filters.ValueRegexFilter("PQ2A\\..*")])
    row = table.conditional_row(row_key, filter_=row_filter)
    row.set_cell(column_family_id,
                 "os_name",
                 "android",
                 timestamp)
    row.commit()

    print('Successfully updated row\'s os_name.')

Ruby

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Bigtable, consultez la section Bibliothèques clientes Bigtable.

# instance_id = "my-instance"
# table_id    = "my-table"
table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id
column_family = "stats_summary"
timestamp = (Time.now.to_f * 1_000_000).round(-3)

rowkey = "phone#4c410523#20190501"
predicate_filter = Google::Cloud::Bigtable::RowFilter.chain
                                                     .family(column_family)
                                                     .qualifier("os_build")
                                                     .value("PQ2A\\..*")

on_match_mutations = Google::Cloud::Bigtable::MutationEntry.new
on_match_mutations.set_cell(
  column_family,
  "os_name",
  "android",
  timestamp: timestamp
)

response = table.check_and_mutate_row(
  rowkey,
  predicate_filter,
  on_match: on_match_mutations
)

puts "Successfully updated row's os_name: #{response}"

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