Insert GeoJSON data

Streaming insert into GEOGRAPHY column with GeoJSON data.

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Code sample

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the BigQuery quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Python API reference documentation.

import geojson
from google.cloud import bigquery

bigquery_client = bigquery.Client()

# This example uses a table containing a column named "geo" with the
# GEOGRAPHY data type.
table_id = "my-project.my_dataset.my_table"

# Use the python-geojson library to generate GeoJSON of a line from LAX to
# JFK airports. Alternatively, you may define GeoJSON data directly, but it
# must be converted to a string before loading it into BigQuery.
my_geography = geojson.LineString([(-118.4085, 33.9416), (-73.7781, 40.6413)])
rows = [
    # Convert GeoJSON data into a string.
    {"geo": geojson.dumps(my_geography)}
]

#  table already exists and has a column
# named "geo" with data type GEOGRAPHY.
errors = bigquery_client.insert_rows_json(table_id, rows)
if errors:
    raise RuntimeError(f"row insert failed: {errors}")
else:
    print(f"wrote 1 row to {table_id}")

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the BigQuery quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/bigquery"
require "rgeo"
require "rgeo/geo_json"

def insert_geojson dataset_id = "your_dataset_id", table_id = "your_table_id"
  bigquery = Google::Cloud::Bigquery.new
  dataset  = bigquery.dataset dataset_id
  table    = dataset.table table_id

  # Use the RGeo library to generate GeoJSON of a line from LAX to
  # JFK airports. Alternatively, you may define GeoJSON data directly, but it
  # must be converted to a string before loading it into BigQuery.
  factory = RGeo::Geographic.spherical_factory
  my_line = factory.line_string([factory.point(-118.4085, 33.9416), factory.point(-73.7781, 40.6413)])
  row_data = [
    # Convert GeoJSON data into a string.
    { geo: RGeo::GeoJSON.encode(my_line).to_json }
  ]

  # Table already exists and has a column named "geo" with data type GEOGRAPHY.
  response = table.insert row_data

  if response.success?
    puts "Inserted GeoJSON row successfully"
  else
    puts "GeoJSON row insert failed: #{response.error_rows.first&.errors}"
  end
end

What's next

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