Google BigQuery

A fast, highly scalable, cost-effective, and fully managed cloud data warehouse for analytics, with built-in machine learning.

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BigQuery is Google's serverless, highly scalable, enterprise data warehouse designed to make all your data analysts productive at an unmatched price-performance. Because there is no infrastructure to manage, you can focus on analyzing data to find meaningful insights using familiar SQL without the need for a database administrator.

Analyze all your data by creating a logical data warehouse over managed, columnar storage, as well as data from object storage and spreadsheets. Build and operationalize machine learning solutions with simple SQL. Easily and securely share insights within your organization and beyond as datasets, queries, spreadsheets, and reports. BigQuery allows organizations to capture and analyze data in real time using its powerful streaming ingestion capability so that your insights are always current, and it’s free for up to 1 TB of data analyzed each month and 10 GB of data stored.

Get up and running fast

Set up your data warehouse in seconds and start to query your data immediately. BigQuery runs blazing-fast SQL queries on gigabytes to petabytes of data and makes it easy to join public or commercial datasets with your data. Eliminate the time-consuming work of provisioning infrastructure and reduce your downtime with a serverless infrastructure that handles all ongoing maintenance, including patches and upgrades. BigQuery uses familiar ANSI-compliant SQL and provides ODBC and JDBC drivers to make integration with your data fast and easy.

Get up and running fast

Scale seamlessly

Remove the headache of planning for data warehouse capacity and reach for infinity with elastic capacity scaling that has no limit. BigQuery meets the challenges of real-time analytics by leveraging Google’s serverless infrastructure that uses automatic scaling and high-performance streaming ingestion to load data. BigQuery’s managed columnar storage, massively parallel execution, and automatic performance optimizations make it possible for all your users to quickly and simultaneously analyze data regardless of the number of users or the size of the data.

Scale seamlessly

Accelerate your insights with powerful analysis

Get insights from your data faster without needing to copy or move it. Google BigQuery gives you full view of all your data by seamlessly querying data stored in BigQuery’s managed columnar storage, Cloud Storage, Cloud Bigtable, Sheets, and Drive. BigQuery integrates with existing ETL tools like Informatica and Talend to enrich the data you already use. BigQuery supports popular BI tools like Tableau, MicroStrategy, Looker, and Data Studio out of the box, so anyone can easily create stunning reports and dashboards. Automatically ingest and visualize Google Ads and marketing data using BigQuery Data Transfer Service to set up a high-powered marketing data warehouse in just a few clicks.

Accelerate your insights with powerful analysis

Protect your business data and investments

Experience unmatched performance, security, and functionality for a cost that fits your budget. BigQuery eliminates the data operations burden by providing automatic data replication for disaster recovery and high availability of processing for no additional charge. BigQuery offers a 99.9% SLA and adheres to the Privacy Shield Principles. BigQuery makes it easy to maintain strong security with fine-grained identity and access-management control. BigQuery data is always encrypted, at rest and in transit.

Protect your business data and investments


BigQuery ML enables data scientists and data analysts to build and operationalize ML models on planet-scale structured or semi-structured data, directly inside BigQuery, using simple SQL — in a fraction of the time.

BigQuery ML

Make predictive analytics accessible

Build, test, and operationalize custom ML models using familiar SQL and greatly simplify the model-building process with automated feature engineering, model selection, and hypertuning steps. Store trained models inside BigQuery and share easily with stakeholders for seamless collaboration.

Accelerate time to insights

Build ML models in minutes instead of days or weeks directly inside BigQuery without the need to extensively sample the data or move it out of the data warehouse for training. Optionally, BigQuery ML can automatically update the trained ML models based on changes in the underlying data, saving time from manually retraining models.

Scale without compromise

Use the power of BigQuery’s serverless architecture and the power of Google Cloud to train ML models on petabyte-scale data in minutes — a fraction of the time compared to conventional systems. Enable data analysts and citizen data scientists in your organization to easily collaborate and build ML solutions. BigQuery ML empowers you to build mission-critical predictive analytics solutions without compromise.

BigQuery Features

A fast, highly scalable, cost-effective, and fully managed enterprise data warehouse for analytics.

Serverless data warehousing gives you the resources you need, when you need them. With BigQuery, you can focus on your data and analysis, rather than operating and sizing computing resources.
Real-time Analytics
BigQuery’s high-speed streaming insertion API provides a powerful foundation for real-time analytics. BigQuery allows you to analyze what’s happening now by making your latest business data immediately available for analysis.
Automatic High Availability
Free data and compute replication in multiple locations means your data is available for query even in the case of extreme failure modes. BigQuery transparently and automatically provides durable, replicated storage and high availability with no extra charge and no additional setup.
Standard SQL
BigQuery supports a standard SQL dialect which is ANSI:2011 compliant, reducing the need for code rewrite and allowing you to take advantage of advanced SQL features. BigQuery provides free ODBC and JDBC drivers to ensure your current applications can interact with BigQuery’s powerful engine.
Federated Query and Logical Data Warehousing
BigQuery breaks down data silos so you can analyze all your data assets from one place. Through powerful federated query, BigQuery can process data in object storage (Cloud Storage), transactional databases (Cloud Bigtable), or spreadsheets in Google Drive — all without duplicating data. One tool lets you query all your data sources.
Storage and Compute Separation
BigQuery provides you with fine-grained control of cost and access. With BigQuery’s separated storage and compute, you pay only for the resources you use. You have the option to choose the storage and processing solutions that make sense for your business and control access for each.
Automatic Backup and Easy Restore
BigQuery automatically replicates data and keeps a seven-day history of changes, reducing worries about unexpected data changes. This allows you to easily restore and compare data from different times.
Geospatial Datatypes and Functions
BigQuery GISBETA brings SQL support for the most commonly used GIS functions right into your data warehouse. With support for arbitrary points, lines, polygons, and multi-polygons in WKT and GeoJSON format, you can simplify your geospatial analyses, see your location-based data in new ways, or unlock entirely new lines of business with the power of BigQuery.
Data Transfer Service
BigQuery makes it easy to get started with data warehousing, even if your data is in a SaaS application. The BigQuery Data Transfer Service automatically transfers data from external data sources, like Google Marketing Platform, Google Ads, and YouTube, to BigQuery on a scheduled and fully managed basis.
Big Data Ecosystem Integration
With Cloud Dataproc and Cloud Dataflow, BigQuery provides integration with the Apache Big Data ecosystem, allowing existing Hadoop/Spark and Beam workloads to read or write data directly from BigQuery. BigQuery allows you to get the most out of structured data by making it easy to analyze in SQL and easy to integrate with your existing Big Data jobs, so you don’t have to throw away the work you’ve already done.
Petabyte Scale
BigQuery is fast and easy to use on data of any size. With BigQuery, you’ll get great performance on your data, while knowing you can scale seamlessly to store and analyze petabytes more without having to buy more capacity.
Flexible Pricing Models
BigQuery enables you to choose the pricing model that best suits you. On-demand pricing lets you pay only for the storage and compute that you use. Flat-rate pricing enables high-volume users or enterprises to choose a stable monthly cost for analysis. For more information see BigQuery pricing.
Data Encryption and Security
You have full control over who has access to the data stored in BigQuery. BigQuery makes it easy to maintain strong security with fine-grained identity and access management with Cloud Identity and Access Management, and your data is always encrypted at rest and in transit.
Data Locality
You have the option to store your BigQuery data in US, Japan, and European locations while continuing to benefit from a fully managed service. BigQuery gives you the option of geographic data control, without the headaches of setting up and managing clusters and other computing resources in-region.
Foundation for AI
BigQuery provides a flexible, powerful foundation for machine learning and artificial intelligence. Besides bringing ML to your data with BigQuery ML, integrations with Cloud ML Engine and TensorFlow enable you to train powerful models on structured data. Moreover, BigQuery’s ability to transform and analyze data helps you get your data in shape for machine learning.
Foundation for BI
BigQuery forms the data warehousing backbone for modern BI solutions, and enables seamless data integration, transformation, analysis, visualization, and reporting with tools from Google and our technology partners.
Flexible Data Ingestion
Load your data from Cloud Storage or stream it into BigQuery at thousands of rows per second to enable real-time analysis of your data. Use familiar data integration tools like Informatica, Talend, and others out of the box.
Data Governance
BigQuery provides fine-grained access controls on data and role-based control on API through integration with Cloud IAM. With BigQuery and Cloud IAM, you can be sure your data is safe from unauthorized access.
Programmatic Interaction
BigQuery provides a REST API for easy programmatic access and application integration. To enable programmers of all types, BigQuery offers client libraries in Java, Python, Node.js, C#, Go, Ruby, and PHP. Business users can use Google Apps Script to access BigQuery from Google Sheets.
Rich Monitoring and Logging with Stackdriver
BigQuery provides rich monitoring, logging, and alerting through Stackdriver Audit Logs. BigQuery resources can be monitored at a glance, and BigQuery can serve as a repository for logs from any application or service using Stackdriver Logging.
Cost Controls
BigQuery provides cost control mechanisms that enable you to cap your daily costs. See more information on cost controls.

Data Warehousing Solution Architecture

BigQuery Solutions and Use Cases

Real-time inventory management system
Internet of Things
Large-scale events and log analytics
Predictive digital marketing
Data distribution with commercial datasets
Public datasets

BigQuery Pricing

BigQuery charges for data storage, streaming inserts, and for querying data, but loading and exporting data are free of charge. For detailed pricing information, please view the pricing guide.

Item Price
Storage $0.02 per GB, per month
$0.01 per GB, per month for long-term storage
Streaming Inserts $0.01 per 200 MB
Loading, Copying, or Exporting Data;
Metadata Operations
If you pay in a currency other than USD, the prices listed in your currency on Cloud Platform SKUs apply.

When querying data, you can choose from two different pricing options:

Subscription Type Price
Pay-as-you-go $5 per TB
First terabyte (1 TB) per month is free*
Flat-rate pricing Starting at $40,000/month for a dedicated reservation of 2,000 slots.
For more information, see flat-rate pricing.

See additional details for BigQuery ML pricing

If you pay in a currency other than USD, the prices listed in your currency on Cloud Platform SKUs apply.

* The first 1 TB of data processed with BigQuery each month is free.
Note: BigQuery's quota policy applies for these operations.

BigQuery Partners

BigQuery unlocks the full potential of data warehousing in the cloud for a broad array of tools and partners. From data integration to analytics, Google Cloud partners have integrated their industry-leading tools with BigQuery for loading, transforming, and visualizing data. Customers can thus leverage BigQuery’s agility, performance, and ease of use to deliver faster, more powerful insights.

Data Integration

BI & Data Visualization

BigQuery Featured Blogs

Bridging the gap between data and insights
Sudhir Hasbe, Director of Product Management, GCP Big Data
How to crunch your business data from Sheets in BigQuery
Dan McClary, Product Manager
BigQuery Under the Hood
Jordan Tigani, BigQuery Technical Lead, and Tino Tereshko, BigQuery Technical Program Manager
Think Economics — Not Features — When Evaluating Big Data Value
Anatomy of a BigQuery query
Jordan Tigani, BigQuery Technical Lead, and Tino Tereshko, BigQuery Technical Program Manager
BigQuery continues to define what it means to be fully managed
Tino Tereshko, BigQuery Technical Program Manager
History of massive-scale sorting experiments at Google
Marian Dvorsky, Software Engineer, Google Cloud Platform
Inside Capacitor, BigQuery’s next-generation columnar storage format
Posted by Mosha Pasumansky, Dremel / BigQuery Technical Lead
In-memory query execution in BigQuery
Posted by Hossein Ahmadi, BigQuery Technical Lead
Supersize it: how Motorola transformed its data warehousing and analytics with Google Cloud Platform
Posted by Alex Barrett, Editor, Google Cloud Platform Blog

To read more blog posts and learn more about BigQuery, visit the Google Cloud Big Data and Machine Learning blog. You can also follow us on Twitter: @GCPDataML.

Products listed on this page are in alpha, beta, or early access. For more information on our product launch stages, see here.

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