Artifact Registry supports Node.js packages that you manage with npm.
To get familiar with Node.js packages in Artifact Registry, you can try the quickstart.
When you are ready to learn more, read the following information:
- If you are new to npm, read about how the following concepts:
- Create an npm repository for your packages.
- Grant permissions to account that will connect with the repository. Service accounts for common integrations with Artifact Registry have default permissions for repositories in the same project.
- Configure npm to authenticate with the repository.
- Learn about managing packages.
An npm scope is a label for grouping packages. Scopes are necessary when you are working with multiple npm registries, including:
- Publishing and installing packages in different registries without the need to switch from one registry to another. For example, your builds might include packages from both the public npm registry and a Artifact Registry repository.
- Publishing the same packages to multiple Artifact Registry repositories across Google Cloud projects, as well as other npm registries, without package name conflicts.
We recommend that you always set a scope for your repositories. If you do not specify a scope when you publish or install package, npm uses the configured default registry, such as the public npm registry.
You set the scope for each Artifact Registry repository in the
.npmrc configuration file. The same credentials for authentication apply
across the repositories.
The following example shows configuration for two Artifact Registry repositories in different projects.
@bluescope is for the repository in the project
@greenscope is for the repository in the project
@blue:registry=https://us-central1-npm.pkg.dev/blue-project/blue-npm-repo/ //us-central1-npm.pkg.dev/blue-project/blue-npm-repo/:_authToken="" //us-central1-npm.pkg.dev/blue-project/blue-npm-repo/:always-auth=true @green:registry=https://us-central1-npm.pkg.dev/green-project/green-npm-repo/ //us-central1-npm.pkg.dev/green-project/green-npm-repo/:_authToken="" //us-central1-npm.pkg.dev/green-project/green-npm-repo/:always-auth=true
After you have authenticated to Artifact Registry, you can upload a package
to a particular repository using the appropriate scope. For example, the
following command uploads a package to the
blue-npm-repo in the project
npm publish @blue/blue-npm-repo
For more information about scopes, see the npm documentation
Settings used for authentication are stored in npm configuration files. These
files are named
.npmrc. The following settings are used for
Credentials for the public npm registry
Store your credentials for the public npm registry (
https://registry.npmjs.org/) in the per-user config file so that they are not available to other users. This file is located in your user home directory, or is set with the npm
$NPM_CONFIG_USERCONFIGenvironment variable. The Artifact Registry tools for authenticating with Artifact Registry repositories are located in the public npm registry.
Settings for connecting to a Artifact Registry repositories
You can store Artifact Registry repository settings in one of these npm configuration files:
The per-project config file. This
.npmrcfile is usually in the same directory as the
package.jsonfile in your npm project. This is the simplest option.
The per-user config file. This file is located in your user home directory, or is set with the npm
The global config file,
$PREFIX/etc/npmrc. To get the value of
$PREFIX, run the command
npm prefix -g.
You should retain any existing default registry configured in your
The default is typically set to the public npm registry at
To check the current default registry value run the command:
npm get registry
For more information about npm configuration files, see the npm config file documentation.