- How do I sign into my Google App Engine account?
- How do I create a Cloud project for App Engine?
- What languages are supported by Google App Engine?
- What type of certifications has App Engine received?
- What are my rights to the projects I create?
- What frameworks does Google App Engine Support?
- Can I still develop a Google App Engine app if I don't have an account?
- How many applications can I create with Google App Engine?
- How can I disable one of my existing applications?
- What type of content is allowed on Google App Engine?
- Why do I get URI error for /favicon.ico?
- What is GQL?
- Is GQL available for Java?
- Why do my queries need to be covered by indexes, and how do I include them?
- Why were my indexes marked as Error?
- Why do my indexes stay Building or Deleting for long periods of time?
- How do I authenticate users of my application?
- Are there any third-party libraries not supported by Google App Engine?
- Why did my app get disabled?
- Why is my app over quota?
- How do I report an application that is in violation of your Terms and Conditions?
- Should I use the SDK for serving external requests?
- How do I serve compressed content?
- Does Google App Engine support SSL (HTTPS)?
- Can I Use Strict-Transport-Security Headers in a Custom Domain?
- Can I use SSL (HTTPS) on App Engine with my Google Apps domain?
- Do tools like appcfg use SSL (HTTPS)?
- I'd like to map my app to a naked domain (such as http://example.com).
- Static IP Addresses and App Engine apps
- How do I define cron jobs for my application?
- What are task queues?
- How do I prevent users/subnets from accessing my app?
How do I sign into my Google App Engine account?
For normal Google Accounts, including Gmail users, you can log into your App Engine account by visiting https://console.developers.google.com/
How do I create a Cloud project for App Engine?
Use the Google Developers Console to create a Cloud project.
What languages are supported by Google App Engine?
What type of certifications has App Engine received?
What are my rights to the projects I create?
Between Google and App Engine customers, the customer owns all intellectual property rights to their stored data and their application and project code. Google owns all intellectual property rights to App Engine and Google Cloud Platform's services and software.
For more information, including the definitions of these terms, see the Google Cloud Terms of Service.
What frameworks does Google App Engine Support?
App Engine's Java runtime works with many popular Java frameworks including Struts 2 and Spring MVC. App Engine also supports several popular JVM-compatible languages such as JRuby and Scala. All frameworks must operate inside the restrictions of App Engine's sandbox and only use the JRE classes in the JRE class white list.
App Engine can run most Python web frameworks out-of-the box with few or no modifications. For your convenience, Django is included with the Google App Engine SDK and is also available in the runtime when you deploy your application to the production environment. A GitHub example is available that shows how to use a Python Flask skeleton with Google App Engine. More information is available in the documentation on third-party libraries.
The Go runtime for App Engine includes almost all of the standard library, including the net/http package, which is sufficient for writing complete web apps. Many third-party libraries also work on App Engine without any modification.
Can I still develop a Google App Engine app if I don't have an account?
Absolutely! Even if you don't yet have a Google App Engine account you can always download our SDK and start developing.
How many applications can I create with Google App Engine?
Each account can host 25 free applications and an unlimited number of paid applications. If you reach the free limit, you can delete existing applications to create more. Note that you can't re-register an application ID.
How can I disable one of my existing applications?
Use the Developers Console versions page to delete versions of module.
What type of content is allowed on Google App Engine?
Please see our Terms of Service if you have questions on what kind of content is allowed with Google App Engine.
Why do I get URI error for /favicon.ico?
Applications that have not included a favicon.ico file may include the URI
/favicon.ico on the list of errorful URIs. Favicon.ico is a file
that is requested by a user's web browser when it attempts to load the page.
Favicon.ico is your website's icon, and is typically displayed in the user's
browser URL bar, next to the web address of your site.
For your application, favicon.ico should be a static image.
You can upload a favicon.ico file with your application, and in your app.yaml
file configure your application to serve the image when the url /favicon.ico is
requested. Below are example entries in
app.yaml (Python/Go). In the Python/Go example,
favicon.ico is located in
simplicity, the same file is located in the root (
war) directory in
the Java example.
- url: /favicon\.ico static_files: static/images/favicon.ico upload: static/images/favicon\.ico
<static-files> <include path="/favicon.ico" /> </static-files>
What is GQL?
GQL is a query language that is used with the App Engine datastore. Python apps can use it to query for entities. It uses a SQL-like syntax to retrieve entire entities from your application's datastore and includes the ability to filter on properties, specify the sorting order of the results, and limit the number of entities returned. The full GQL language reference can be found here.
Is GQL available for Java?
GQL is not included in the Java SDK, however it can be used through the Cloud Datastore API. We recommend that Java developers use JDO or JPA instead of GQL because they are type-safe. Using JDO/JPA allows the developer to find out about mistakes in the IDE rather than at runtime, and allows less room for SQL injection attacks.
Why do my queries need to be covered by indexes, and how do I include them?
If you run a query that filters on multiple entity properties or orders results by multiple properties, you will need an index for that query. You must have an index for every query of that kind that you run with your application. The datastore index for a query maintains and updates a list of keys sorted in the manner that the query specifies to allow speedy access to the data in your datastore. A full explanation of datastore indexes can be found in our documentation (Java | Python | Go).
When you develop your application with Google App Engine SDK, every query
you run automatically gets indexed when necessary. If you thoroughly test your
application before uploading it to your website, all of the indexes your
application will need will be included in your application's
datastore-indexes.xml (Java) or
index.yaml (Python or Go)
files. You may manually add indexes if you find a query that was not covered by
your development testing. For more information on how to write indexes for your
application, see the index documentation.
Why were my indexes marked as Error?
They may be exploding indexes (Python | Java | Go), or may have encountered other similar problems when writing particular entities in your datastore. You can vacuum and re-attempt to build them by following the instructions in Queries (Python | Java | Go) and Indexes (Python | Java).
Why do my indexes stay Building or Deleting for long periods of time?
Even if you don't have many entities of the corresponding kind(s), the time indexes take to build or delete can vary widely depending on the total amount of data in your datastore, indexes currently building for other apps, and datastore load due to user requests, among other factors. In some cases, index jobs can take hours or even days to complete.
Even so, we can sometimes help with indexes that seem to be stuck. If you think this has happened to your indexes, you can post a question to the google-appengine group.
In the past, index jobs sometimes slowed down because worker shards were too large to be completed within the lease period. We initially addressed this by increasing the lease period. Later, we started splitting individual tablets into shards.
How do I authenticate users of my application?
The Users service (Java | Python | Go) allows you to authenticate users who have a Google Account, an account on their own Google Apps domain, or an OpenID. (Note that the support for OpenID is experimental.) You choose one of these forms of authentication for your app. Please read our article on how to configure your application to authenticate against a Google Apps domain.
If your app uses Google Accounts, when your application requests a user sign
in, the user is directed to a Google sign-in page to enter a username and
password, or to create a new account. If your app uses OpenID and requests a
sign-in, the user is directed to
/_ah/login_required to provide an
OpenID and password. After successfully signing in, the user is then returned to
your website, and the user information is available to your application through
the Users property.
Are there any third-party libraries not supported by Google App Engine?
For a list of compatible and incompatible libraries and frameworks, please see The JRE Class White List.
A small percentage of native C python modules, and subsets of native C python modules are not available with Google App Engine. A full list detailing native C Python module support can be found here. The disabled modules fall in to the following categories:
- Libraries that maintain databases on disk are not enabled in Python for Google App Engine
- The system does not allow you to invoke subprocesses, as a result some os module methods are disabled
- Threading is not available
- For security reasons, most C-based modules are disabled
- Other features that are limited:
- marshal is disabled
- cPickle is aliased to pickle
- System calls have been disabled
Please keep in mind that third party packages which use any of the above features will not function with Google App Engine (packages such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, etc).
The majority of pure Go packages work on Google App Engine. A package may not work because of one of these reasons:
- The package imports
- The package uses cgo or assembly.
- The package requires functions in packages that are locked down, such as writing to disk, or direct network access.
Why did my app get disabled?
An app may be disabled if it fails to abide by our Terms and Conditions. Additionally, if an application is found to be using an inordinate amount of system resources due to a bug or other issue leading to inefficient resource usage, we may disable the app so that the developer can fix the development issues using our development SDK before re-enabling the application on Google App Engine.
Why is my app over quota?
App Engine places quota limits on the amount of each system resource that an application can consume in a day. All applications have a default quota configuration, the "free quotas", which should allow for roughly 5 million pageviews a month for an efficient application. You can read more about system quotas in the quota documentation.
As your application grows, it may need a higher resource allocation than the default quota configuration provides. You can purchase additional computing resources by enabling billing for your application. Billing enables developers to raise the limits on all system resources and pay for even higher limits on CPU, bandwidth, storage, and email usage.
How do I report an application that is in violation of your Terms and Conditions?
To report an application that is in violation of the Google App Engine Terms and Condition, please contact us. We will determine if the application is in violation, and if necessary, contact the application's developer over the violation.
Should I use the SDK for serving external requests?
The dev_appserver is designed for local testing and disallows external connections by default. You can override this using the -a <hostname> flag when running it, but doing so is not recommended because the SDK has not been hardened for security and may contain vulnerabilities.
How do I serve compressed content?
Google App Engine does its best to serve gzipped content to browsers that support it. Taking advantage of this scheme is automatic and requires no modifications to applications.
We use a combination of request headers (Accept-Encoding, User-Agent) and response headers (Content-Type) to determine whether or not the end-user can take advantage of gzipped content. This approach avoids some well-known bugs with gzipped content in popular browsers. To force gzipped content to be served, clients may supply 'gzip' as the value of both the Accept-Encoding and User-Agent request headers. Content will never be gzipped if no Accept-Encoding header is present.
Does Google App Engine support SSL (HTTPS)?
Google App Engine allows you to serve SSL (HTTPS) traffic through your appspot.com domain. Simply add the 'secure' parameter to your app.yaml handler for the URLs through which you wish to support secure traffic. For complete information on how to configure your application for secure traffic, please see the docs on app configuration (Java | Python | Go).
You can also serve SSL (HTTPS) traffic using a custom domain, if you serve your application through Google Apps. However, SSL is not currently supported on naked domains (see below.)
Note: After April 2013 Google does not issue SSL certificates for
double-wildcard domains hosted at
you rely on such URLs for HTTPS access to your application, change any application logic to
-dot-" instead of "
.". For example, to access version v1 of application myapp use
https://v1-dot-myapp.appspot.com. The certificate will not match if you use
https://v1.myapp.appspot.com, and an error occurs for any
User-Agent that expects the URL and certificate to match exactly.
Can I Use Strict-Transport-Security Headers in a Custom Domain?
You cannot use Strict-Transport-Security headers unless your domain is whitelisted. To place your domain in the whitelist, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Can I use SSL (HTTPS) on App Engine with my Google Apps domain?
You can serve SSL through your custom domain.
Do tools like appcfg use SSL (HTTPS)?
The SDK tools which use login (appcfg, remote_api, appengine_rpc) all use SSL when communicating your email address and password.
The Python and Go SDKs have the ability to validate the SSL certificate over the
remote connection. To do this you must have the
ssl Python module installed on your system. If you are using Python
2.5, you can install the module from
If there is an error validating the SSL certificate, the tools will raise
InvalidCertificateException explaining what went wrong.
The Java SDK also enables SSL by default. If an
error is encountered while validating the SSL certificate it will throw a
I'd like to map my app to a naked domain (such as http://example.com).
A "naked domain" lets users access your app directly at the domain name (http://example.com), without requiring a subdomain such as http://www.example.com or http://myapp.example.com. You can set up your App Engine app with a naked domain in the Google Developers Console. Select your project, then choose App Engine > Settings > Custom Domains and follow the instructions.
Naked domains are not supported if you are serving your App Engine app through Google Apps. In that case, you can redirect requests for the naked domain (example.com) to a specific subdomain (such as www.example.com) by following the directions at Options for customizing web addresses. As a consequence, SSL is not currently supported on naked domains.
Static IP Addresses and App Engine apps
App Engine does not currently provide a way to map static IP addresses to an application. In order to optimize the network path between an end user and an App Engine application, end users on different ISPs or geographic locations might use different IP addresses to access the same App Engine application. DNS might return different IP addresses to access App Engine over time or from different network locations.
Outbound services, such as URL Fetch and the Mail API, make use of a large pool of IP addresses. The IP address ranges in this pool are subject to routine changes. In fact, two sequential API calls from the same application may appear to originate from two different IP addresses.
App Engine's current range of outgoing IP addresses are encoded in the sender
policy framework (SPF) record of
You may need to recursively perform DNS SPF lookups to resolve the entire list
of IP ranges. Start by resolving
nslookup -q=TXT _cloud-netblocks.googleusercontent.com 188.8.131.52
The response returned from this will contain all of the current
_cloud-netblocks for App Engine. (Keep in mind that these results
are not static: Google may introduce new
at any time.) For example, this query could return the following:
Non-authoritative answer: _cloud-netblocks.googleusercontent.com text = "v=spf1 include:_cloud-netblocks1.googleusercontent.com include:_cloud-netblocks2.googleusercontent.com include:_cloud-netblocks3.googleusercontent.com ?all
From this query response, you would then query each of the returned
_cloud-netblocksN listed in the response. Using the previous
example response with the three
_cloud-netblocksN entries, you
would do the following three queries to find all the IP ranges:
nslookup -q=TXT _cloud-netblocks1.googleusercontent.com 184.108.40.206 nslookup -q=TXT _cloud-netblocks2.googleusercontent.com 220.127.116.11 nslookup -q=TXT _cloud-netblocks3.googleusercontent.com 18.104.22.168
The SFP records returned from the query of each of those above entries will
be IP ranges that you can use for App Engine outgoing traffic. For example, the
_cloud-netblocks1 above could return the following:
Non-authoritative answer: _cloud-netblocks1.googleusercontent.com text = "v=spf1 ip4:22.214.171.124/20 ip4:126.96.36.199/21 ip4:188.8.131.52/23 ip4:184.108.40.206/20 ip4:220.127.116.11/20 ip4:18.104.22.168/21 ip4:22.214.171.124/22 ip4:126.96.36.199/23 ip4:188.8.131.52/24 ?all"
From this example, we see that both the
184.108.40.206/21 IP ranges can be used for App Engine traffic.
Note that using static IP address filtering is not considered a safe and effective means of protection. For example, an attacker could set up a malicious App Engine app which could share the same IP address range as your application. Instead, we suggest that you take a defense in depth approach using OAuth and Certs.
How do I define cron jobs for my application?
What are task queues?
Task queues provide a mechanism for dynamically adding new requests to be fulfilled at a later point in time. If an app needs to execute some background work, it can use the Task Queue API to organize that work into small, discrete units called Tasks. Tasks are inserted into one or more Queues. App Engine automatically detects new Tasks and executes them when system resources permit. For more details, see the documentation for the Task Queue API (Java | Python | Go).