Source code for google.appengine.ext.ndb.context

#
# Copyright 2008 The ndb Authors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""Context class."""

import logging
import sys

from .google_imports import datastore  # For taskqueue coordination
from .google_imports import datastore_errors
from .google_imports import memcache
from .google_imports import namespace_manager
from .google_imports import urlfetch
from .google_imports import datastore_rpc
from .google_imports import entity_pb

from .google_imports import ProtocolBuffer

from . import key as key_module
from . import model
from . import tasklets
from . import eventloop
from . import utils

__all__ = ['Context', 'ContextOptions', 'TransactionOptions', 'AutoBatcher',
           'EVENTUAL_CONSISTENCY',
          ]

_LOCK_TIME = 32  # Time to lock out memcache.add() after datastore updates.
_LOCKED = 0  # Special value to store in memcache indicating locked value.


# Constant for read_policy.
EVENTUAL_CONSISTENCY = datastore_rpc.Configuration.EVENTUAL_CONSISTENCY


[docs]class ContextOptions(datastore_rpc.Configuration): """Configuration options that may be passed along with get/put/delete.""" @datastore_rpc.ConfigOption def use_cache(value): if not isinstance(value, bool): raise datastore_errors.BadArgumentError( 'use_cache should be a bool (%r)' % (value,)) return value @datastore_rpc.ConfigOption def use_memcache(value): if not isinstance(value, bool): raise datastore_errors.BadArgumentError( 'use_memcache should be a bool (%r)' % (value,)) return value @datastore_rpc.ConfigOption def use_datastore(value): if not isinstance(value, bool): raise datastore_errors.BadArgumentError( 'use_datastore should be a bool (%r)' % (value,)) return value @datastore_rpc.ConfigOption def memcache_timeout(value): if not isinstance(value, (int, long)): raise datastore_errors.BadArgumentError( 'memcache_timeout should be an integer (%r)' % (value,)) return value @datastore_rpc.ConfigOption def max_memcache_items(value): if not isinstance(value, (int, long)): raise datastore_errors.BadArgumentError( 'max_memcache_items should be an integer (%r)' % (value,)) return value @datastore_rpc.ConfigOption def memcache_deadline(value): if not isinstance(value, (int, long)): raise datastore_errors.BadArgumentError( 'memcache_deadline should be an integer (%r)' % (value,)) return value
[docs]class TransactionOptions(ContextOptions, datastore_rpc.TransactionOptions): """Support both context options and transaction options."""
# options and config can be used interchangeably. _OPTION_TRANSLATIONS = { 'options': 'config', } def _make_ctx_options(ctx_options, config_cls=ContextOptions): """Helper to construct a ContextOptions object from keyword arguments. Args: ctx_options: A dict of keyword arguments. config_cls: Optional Configuration class to use, default ContextOptions. Note that either 'options' or 'config' can be used to pass another Configuration object, but not both. If another Configuration object is given it provides default values. Returns: A Configuration object, or None if ctx_options is empty. """ if not ctx_options: return None for key in list(ctx_options): translation = _OPTION_TRANSLATIONS.get(key) if translation: if translation in ctx_options: raise ValueError('Cannot specify %s and %s at the same time' % (key, translation)) ctx_options[translation] = ctx_options.pop(key) return config_cls(**ctx_options)
[docs]class AutoBatcher(object): """Batches multiple async calls if they share the same rpc options. Here is an example to explain what this class does. Life of a key.get_async(options) API call: *) Key gets the singleton Context instance and invokes Context.get. *) Context.get calls Context._get_batcher.add(key, options). This returns a future "fut" as the return value of key.get_async. At this moment, key.get_async returns. *) When more than "limit" number of _get_batcher.add() was called, _get_batcher invokes its self._todo_tasklet, Context._get_tasklet, with the list of keys seen so far. *) Context._get_tasklet fires a MultiRPC and waits on it. *) Upon MultiRPC completion, Context._get_tasklet passes on the results to the respective "fut" from key.get_async. *) If user calls "fut".get_result() before "limit" number of add() was called, "fut".get_result() will repeatedly call eventloop.run1(). *) After processing immediate callbacks, eventloop will run idlers. AutoBatcher._on_idle is an idler. *) _on_idle will run the "todo_tasklet" before the batch is full. So the engine is todo_tasklet, which is a proxy tasklet that can combine arguments into batches and passes along results back to respective futures. This class is mainly a helper that invokes todo_tasklet with the right arguments at the right time. """ def __init__(self, todo_tasklet, limit): """Init. Args: todo_tasklet: the tasklet that actually fires RPC and waits on a MultiRPC. It should take a list of (future, arg) pairs and an "options" as arguments. "options" are rpc options. limit: max number of items to batch for each distinct value of "options". """ self._todo_tasklet = todo_tasklet self._limit = limit # A map from "options" to a list of (future, arg) tuple. # future is the future return from a single async operations. self._queues = {} self._running = [] # A list of in-flight todo_tasklet futures. self._cache = {} # Cache of in-flight todo_tasklet futures. def __repr__(self): return '%s(%s)' % (self.__class__.__name__, self._todo_tasklet.__name__)
[docs] def run_queue(self, options, todo): """Actually run the _todo_tasklet.""" utils.logging_debug('AutoBatcher(%s): %d items', self._todo_tasklet.__name__, len(todo)) batch_fut = self._todo_tasklet(todo, options) self._running.append(batch_fut) # Add a callback when we're done. batch_fut.add_callback(self._finished_callback, batch_fut, todo)
def _on_idle(self): """An idler eventloop can run. Eventloop calls this when it has finished processing all immediate callbacks. This method runs _todo_tasklet even before the batch is full. """ if not self.action(): return None return True
[docs] def add(self, arg, options=None): """Adds an arg and gets back a future. Args: arg: one argument for _todo_tasklet. options: rpc options. Return: An instance of future, representing the result of running _todo_tasklet without batching. """ fut = tasklets.Future('%s.add(%s, %s)' % (self, arg, options)) todo = self._queues.get(options) if todo is None: utils.logging_debug('AutoBatcher(%s): creating new queue for %r', self._todo_tasklet.__name__, options) if not self._queues: eventloop.add_idle(self._on_idle) todo = self._queues[options] = [] todo.append((fut, arg)) if len(todo) >= self._limit: del self._queues[options] self.run_queue(options, todo) return fut
[docs] def add_once(self, arg, options=None): cache_key = (arg, options) fut = self._cache.get(cache_key) if fut is None: fut = self.add(arg, options) self._cache[cache_key] = fut fut.add_immediate_callback(self._cache.__delitem__, cache_key) return fut
[docs] def action(self): queues = self._queues if not queues: return False options, todo = queues.popitem() # TODO: Should this use FIFO ordering? self.run_queue(options, todo) return True
def _finished_callback(self, batch_fut, todo): """Passes exception along. Args: batch_fut: the batch future returned by running todo_tasklet. todo: (fut, option) pair. fut is the future return by each add() call. If the batch fut was successful, it has already called fut.set_result() on other individual futs. This method only handles when the batch fut encountered an exception. """ self._running.remove(batch_fut) err = batch_fut.get_exception() if err is not None: tb = batch_fut.get_traceback() for (fut, _) in todo: if not fut.done(): fut.set_exception(err, tb) @tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def flush(self): while self._running or self.action(): if self._running: yield self._running # A list of Futures
[docs]class Context(object): def __init__(self, conn=None, auto_batcher_class=AutoBatcher, config=None, parent_context=None): # NOTE: If conn is not None, config is only used to get the # auto-batcher limits. if conn is None: conn = model.make_connection(config) self._conn = conn self._auto_batcher_class = auto_batcher_class self._parent_context = parent_context # For transaction nesting. # Get the get/put/delete limits (defaults 1000, 500, 500). # Note that the explicit config passed in overrides the config # attached to the connection, if it was passed in. max_get = (datastore_rpc.Configuration.max_get_keys(config, conn.config) or datastore_rpc.Connection.MAX_GET_KEYS) max_put = (datastore_rpc.Configuration.max_put_entities(config, conn.config) or datastore_rpc.Connection.MAX_PUT_ENTITIES) max_delete = (datastore_rpc.Configuration.max_delete_keys(config, conn.config) or datastore_rpc.Connection.MAX_DELETE_KEYS) # Create the get/put/delete auto-batchers. self._get_batcher = auto_batcher_class(self._get_tasklet, max_get) self._put_batcher = auto_batcher_class(self._put_tasklet, max_put) self._delete_batcher = auto_batcher_class(self._delete_tasklet, max_delete) # We only have a single limit for memcache (default 1000). max_memcache = (ContextOptions.max_memcache_items(config, conn.config) or datastore_rpc.Connection.MAX_GET_KEYS) # Create the memcache auto-batchers. self._memcache_get_batcher = auto_batcher_class(self._memcache_get_tasklet, max_memcache) self._memcache_set_batcher = auto_batcher_class(self._memcache_set_tasklet, max_memcache) self._memcache_del_batcher = auto_batcher_class(self._memcache_del_tasklet, max_memcache) self._memcache_off_batcher = auto_batcher_class(self._memcache_off_tasklet, max_memcache) # Create a list of batchers for flush(). self._batchers = [self._get_batcher, self._put_batcher, self._delete_batcher, self._memcache_get_batcher, self._memcache_set_batcher, self._memcache_del_batcher, self._memcache_off_batcher, ] self._cache = {} self._memcache = memcache.Client() self._on_commit_queue = [] # NOTE: The default memcache prefix is altered if an incompatible change is # required. Remember to check release notes when using a custom prefix. _memcache_prefix = 'NDB9:' # TODO: Might make this configurable. @tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def flush(self): # Rinse and repeat until all batchers are completely out of work. more = True while more: yield [batcher.flush() for batcher in self._batchers] more = False for batcher in self._batchers: if batcher._running or batcher._queues: more = True break
@tasklets.tasklet def _get_tasklet(self, todo, options): if not todo: raise RuntimeError('Nothing to do.') # Make the datastore RPC call. datastore_keys = [] for unused_fut, key in todo: datastore_keys.append(key) # Now wait for the datastore RPC(s) and pass the results to the futures. entities = yield self._conn.async_get(options, datastore_keys) for ent, (fut, unused_key) in zip(entities, todo): fut.set_result(ent) @tasklets.tasklet def _put_tasklet(self, todo, options): if not todo: raise RuntimeError('Nothing to do.') # TODO: What if the same entity is being put twice? # TODO: What if two entities with the same key are being put? datastore_entities = [] for unused_fut, ent in todo: datastore_entities.append(ent) # Wait for datastore RPC(s). keys = yield self._conn.async_put(options, datastore_entities) for key, (fut, ent) in zip(keys, todo): if key != ent._key: if ent._has_complete_key(): raise datastore_errors.BadKeyError( 'Entity key differs from the one returned by the datastore. ' 'Expected %r, got %r' % (key, ent._key)) ent._key = key fut.set_result(key) @tasklets.tasklet def _delete_tasklet(self, todo, options): if not todo: raise RuntimeError('Nothing to do.') futures = [] datastore_keys = [] for fut, key in todo: futures.append(fut) datastore_keys.append(key) # Wait for datastore RPC(s). yield self._conn.async_delete(options, datastore_keys) # Send a dummy result to all original Futures. for fut in futures: fut.set_result(None) # TODO: Unify the policy docstrings (they're getting too verbose). # All the policy functions may also: # - be a constant of the right type (instead of a function); # - return None (instead of a value of the right type); # - be None (instead of a function or constant). # Model classes may define class variables or class methods # _use_{cache,memcache,datastore} or _memcache_timeout to set the # default policy of that type for that class. @staticmethod
[docs] def default_cache_policy(key): """Default cache policy. This defers to _use_cache on the Model class. Args: key: Key instance. Returns: A bool or None. """ flag = None if key is not None: modelclass = model.Model._kind_map.get(key.kind()) if modelclass is not None: policy = getattr(modelclass, '_use_cache', None) if policy is not None: if isinstance(policy, bool): flag = policy else: flag = policy(key) return flag
_cache_policy = default_cache_policy
[docs] def get_cache_policy(self): """Return the current context cache policy function. Returns: A function that accepts a Key instance as argument and returns a bool indicating if it should be cached. May be None. """ return self._cache_policy
[docs] def set_cache_policy(self, func): """Set the context cache policy function. Args: func: A function that accepts a Key instance as argument and returns a bool indicating if it should be cached. May be None. """ if func is None: func = self.default_cache_policy elif isinstance(func, bool): func = lambda unused_key, flag=func: flag self._cache_policy = func
def _use_cache(self, key, options=None): """Return whether to use the context cache for this key. Args: key: Key instance. options: ContextOptions instance, or None. Returns: True if the key should be cached, False otherwise. """ flag = ContextOptions.use_cache(options) if flag is None: flag = self._cache_policy(key) if flag is None: flag = ContextOptions.use_cache(self._conn.config) if flag is None: flag = True return flag @staticmethod
[docs] def default_memcache_policy(key): """Default memcache policy. This defers to _use_memcache on the Model class. Args: key: Key instance. Returns: A bool or None. """ flag = None if key is not None: modelclass = model.Model._kind_map.get(key.kind()) if modelclass is not None: policy = getattr(modelclass, '_use_memcache', None) if policy is not None: if isinstance(policy, bool): flag = policy else: flag = policy(key) return flag
_memcache_policy = default_memcache_policy
[docs] def get_memcache_policy(self): """Return the current memcache policy function. Returns: A function that accepts a Key instance as argument and returns a bool indicating if it should be cached. May be None. """ return self._memcache_policy
[docs] def set_memcache_policy(self, func): """Set the memcache policy function. Args: func: A function that accepts a Key instance as argument and returns a bool indicating if it should be cached. May be None. """ if func is None: func = self.default_memcache_policy elif isinstance(func, bool): func = lambda unused_key, flag=func: flag self._memcache_policy = func
def _use_memcache(self, key, options=None): """Return whether to use memcache for this key. Args: key: Key instance. options: ContextOptions instance, or None. Returns: True if the key should be cached in memcache, False otherwise. """ flag = ContextOptions.use_memcache(options) if flag is None: flag = self._memcache_policy(key) if flag is None: flag = ContextOptions.use_memcache(self._conn.config) if flag is None: flag = True return flag @staticmethod
[docs] def default_datastore_policy(key): """Default datastore policy. This defers to _use_datastore on the Model class. Args: key: Key instance. Returns: A bool or None. """ flag = None if key is not None: modelclass = model.Model._kind_map.get(key.kind()) if modelclass is not None: policy = getattr(modelclass, '_use_datastore', None) if policy is not None: if isinstance(policy, bool): flag = policy else: flag = policy(key) return flag
_datastore_policy = default_datastore_policy
[docs] def get_datastore_policy(self): """Return the current context datastore policy function. Returns: A function that accepts a Key instance as argument and returns a bool indicating if it should use the datastore. May be None. """ return self._datastore_policy
[docs] def set_datastore_policy(self, func): """Set the context datastore policy function. Args: func: A function that accepts a Key instance as argument and returns a bool indicating if it should use the datastore. May be None. """ if func is None: func = self.default_datastore_policy elif isinstance(func, bool): func = lambda unused_key, flag=func: flag self._datastore_policy = func
def _use_datastore(self, key, options=None): """Return whether to use the datastore for this key. Args: key: Key instance. options: ContextOptions instance, or None. Returns: True if the datastore should be used, False otherwise. """ flag = ContextOptions.use_datastore(options) if flag is None: flag = self._datastore_policy(key) if flag is None: flag = ContextOptions.use_datastore(self._conn.config) if flag is None: flag = True return flag @staticmethod
[docs] def default_memcache_timeout_policy(key): """Default memcache timeout policy. This defers to _memcache_timeout on the Model class. Args: key: Key instance. Returns: Memcache timeout to use (integer), or None. """ timeout = None if key is not None and isinstance(key, model.Key): modelclass = model.Model._kind_map.get(key.kind()) if modelclass is not None: policy = getattr(modelclass, '_memcache_timeout', None) if policy is not None: if isinstance(policy, (int, long)): timeout = policy else: timeout = policy(key) return timeout
_memcache_timeout_policy = default_memcache_timeout_policy
[docs] def set_memcache_timeout_policy(self, func): """Set the policy function for memcache timeout (expiration). Args: func: A function that accepts a key instance as argument and returns an integer indicating the desired memcache timeout. May be None. If the function returns 0 it implies the default timeout. """ if func is None: func = self.default_memcache_timeout_policy elif isinstance(func, (int, long)): func = lambda unused_key, flag=func: flag self._memcache_timeout_policy = func
[docs] def get_memcache_timeout_policy(self): """Return the current policy function for memcache timeout (expiration).""" return self._memcache_timeout_policy
def _get_memcache_timeout(self, key, options=None): """Return the memcache timeout (expiration) for this key.""" timeout = ContextOptions.memcache_timeout(options) if timeout is None: timeout = self._memcache_timeout_policy(key) if timeout is None: timeout = ContextOptions.memcache_timeout(self._conn.config) if timeout is None: timeout = 0 return timeout def _get_memcache_deadline(self, options=None): """Return the memcache RPC deadline. Not to be confused with the memcache timeout, or expiration. This is only used by datastore operations when using memcache as a cache; it is ignored by the direct memcache calls. There is no way to vary this per key or per entity; you must either set it on a specific call (e.g. key.get(memcache_deadline=1) or in the configuration options of the context's connection. """ # If this returns None, the system default (typically, 5) will apply. return ContextOptions.memcache_deadline(options, self._conn.config) def _load_from_cache_if_available(self, key): """Returns a cached Model instance given the entity key if available. Args: key: Key instance. Returns: A Model instance if the key exists in the cache. """ if key in self._cache: entity = self._cache[key] # May be None, meaning "doesn't exist". if entity is None or entity._key == key: # If entity's key didn't change later, it is ok. # See issue 13. http://goo.gl/jxjOP raise tasklets.Return(entity) # TODO: What about conflicting requests to different autobatchers, # e.g. tasklet A calls get() on a given key while tasklet B calls # delete()? The outcome is nondeterministic, depending on which # autobatcher gets run first. Maybe we should just flag such # conflicts as errors, with an overridable policy to resolve them # differently? @tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def get(self, key, **ctx_options): """Return a Model instance given the entity key. It will use the context cache if the cache policy for the given key is enabled. Args: key: Key instance. **ctx_options: Context options. Returns: A Model instance if the key exists in the datastore; None otherwise. """ options = _make_ctx_options(ctx_options) use_cache = self._use_cache(key, options) if use_cache: self._load_from_cache_if_available(key) use_datastore = self._use_datastore(key, options) if (use_datastore and isinstance(self._conn, datastore_rpc.TransactionalConnection)): use_memcache = False else: use_memcache = self._use_memcache(key, options) ns = key.namespace() memcache_deadline = None # Avoid worries about uninitialized variable. if use_memcache: mkey = self._memcache_prefix + key.urlsafe() memcache_deadline = self._get_memcache_deadline(options) mvalue = yield self.memcache_get(mkey, for_cas=use_datastore, namespace=ns, use_cache=True, deadline=memcache_deadline) # A value may have appeared while yielding. if use_cache: self._load_from_cache_if_available(key) if mvalue not in (_LOCKED, None): cls = model.Model._lookup_model(key.kind(), self._conn.adapter.default_model) pb = entity_pb.EntityProto() try: pb.MergePartialFromString(mvalue) except ProtocolBuffer.ProtocolBufferDecodeError: logging.warning('Corrupt memcache entry found ' 'with key %s and namespace %s' % (mkey, ns)) mvalue = None else: entity = cls._from_pb(pb) # Store the key on the entity since it wasn't written to memcache. entity._key = key if use_cache: # Update in-memory cache. self._cache[key] = entity raise tasklets.Return(entity) if mvalue is None and use_datastore: yield self.memcache_set(mkey, _LOCKED, time=_LOCK_TIME, namespace=ns, use_cache=True, deadline=memcache_deadline) yield self.memcache_gets(mkey, namespace=ns, use_cache=True, deadline=memcache_deadline) if not use_datastore: # NOTE: Do not cache this miss. In some scenarios this would # prevent an app from working properly. raise tasklets.Return(None) if use_cache: entity = yield self._get_batcher.add_once(key, options) else: entity = yield self._get_batcher.add(key, options) if entity is not None: if use_memcache and mvalue != _LOCKED: # Don't serialize the key since it's already the memcache key. pbs = entity._to_pb(set_key=False).SerializePartialToString() # Don't attempt to write to memcache if too big. Note that we # use LBYL ("look before you leap") because a multi-value # memcache operation would fail for all entities rather than # for just the one that's too big. (Also, the AutoBatcher # class doesn't pass back exceptions very well.) if len(pbs) <= memcache.MAX_VALUE_SIZE: timeout = self._get_memcache_timeout(key, options) # Don't use fire-and-forget -- for users who forget # @ndb.toplevel, it's too painful to diagnose why their simple # code using a single synchronous call doesn't seem to use # memcache. See issue 105. http://goo.gl/JQZxp yield self.memcache_cas(mkey, pbs, time=timeout, namespace=ns, deadline=memcache_deadline) if use_cache: # Cache hit or miss. NOTE: In this case it is okay to cache a # miss; the datastore is the ultimate authority. self._cache[key] = entity raise tasklets.Return(entity)
@tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def put(self, entity, **ctx_options): options = _make_ctx_options(ctx_options) # TODO: What if the same entity is being put twice? # TODO: What if two entities with the same key are being put? key = entity._key if key is None: # Pass a dummy Key to _use_datastore(). key = model.Key(entity.__class__, None) use_datastore = self._use_datastore(key, options) use_memcache = None memcache_deadline = None # Avoid worries about uninitialized variable. if entity._has_complete_key(): use_memcache = self._use_memcache(key, options) if use_memcache: # Wait for memcache operations before starting datastore RPCs. memcache_deadline = self._get_memcache_deadline(options) mkey = self._memcache_prefix + key.urlsafe() ns = key.namespace() if use_datastore: yield self.memcache_set(mkey, _LOCKED, time=_LOCK_TIME, namespace=ns, use_cache=True, deadline=memcache_deadline) else: pbs = entity._to_pb(set_key=False).SerializePartialToString() # If the byte string to be written is too long for memcache, # raise ValueError. (See LBYL explanation in get().) if len(pbs) > memcache.MAX_VALUE_SIZE: raise ValueError('Values may not be more than %d bytes in length; ' 'received %d bytes' % (memcache.MAX_VALUE_SIZE, len(pbs))) timeout = self._get_memcache_timeout(key, options) yield self.memcache_set(mkey, pbs, time=timeout, namespace=ns, deadline=memcache_deadline) if use_datastore: key = yield self._put_batcher.add(entity, options) if not isinstance(self._conn, datastore_rpc.TransactionalConnection): if use_memcache is None: use_memcache = self._use_memcache(key, options) if use_memcache: mkey = self._memcache_prefix + key.urlsafe() ns = key.namespace() # Don't use fire-and-forget -- see memcache_cas() in get(). yield self.memcache_delete(mkey, namespace=ns, deadline=memcache_deadline) if key is not None: if entity._key != key: logging.info('replacing key %s with %s', entity._key, key) entity._key = key # TODO: For updated entities, could we update the cache first? if self._use_cache(key, options): # TODO: What if by now the entity is already in the cache? self._cache[key] = entity raise tasklets.Return(key)
@tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def delete(self, key, **ctx_options): options = _make_ctx_options(ctx_options) if self._use_memcache(key, options): memcache_deadline = self._get_memcache_deadline(options) mkey = self._memcache_prefix + key.urlsafe() ns = key.namespace() # TODO: If not use_datastore, delete instead of lock? yield self.memcache_set(mkey, _LOCKED, time=_LOCK_TIME, namespace=ns, use_cache=True, deadline=memcache_deadline) if self._use_datastore(key, options): yield self._delete_batcher.add(key, options) # TODO: Delete from memcache here? if self._use_cache(key, options): self._cache[key] = None
@tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def allocate_ids(self, key, size=None, max=None, **ctx_options): options = _make_ctx_options(ctx_options) lo_hi = yield self._conn.async_allocate_ids(options, key, size, max) raise tasklets.Return(lo_hi)
@tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def get_indexes(self, **ctx_options): options = _make_ctx_options(ctx_options) index_list = yield self._conn.async_get_indexes(options) raise tasklets.Return(index_list)
@utils.positional(3)
[docs] def map_query(self, query, callback, pass_batch_into_callback=None, options=None, merge_future=None): mfut = merge_future if mfut is None: mfut = tasklets.MultiFuture('map_query') @tasklets.tasklet def helper(): try: inq = tasklets.SerialQueueFuture() query.run_to_queue(inq, self._conn, options) while True: try: batch, i, ent = yield inq.getq() except EOFError: break ent = self._update_cache_from_query_result(ent, options) if ent is None: continue if callback is None: val = ent else: # TODO: If the callback raises, log and ignore. if pass_batch_into_callback: val = callback(batch, i, ent) else: val = callback(ent) mfut.putq(val) except GeneratorExit: raise except Exception, err: _, _, tb = sys.exc_info() mfut.set_exception(err, tb) raise else: mfut.complete() helper() return mfut
def _update_cache_from_query_result(self, ent, options): if isinstance(ent, model.Key): return ent # It was a keys-only query and ent is really a Key. if ent._projection: return ent # Never cache partial entities (projection query results). key = ent._key if not self._use_cache(key, options): return ent # This key should not be cached. # Check the cache. If there is a valid cached entry, substitute # that for the result, even if the cache has an explicit None. if key in self._cache: cached_ent = self._cache[key] if (cached_ent is None or cached_ent.key == key and cached_ent.__class__ is ent.__class__): return cached_ent # Update the cache. self._cache[key] = ent return ent @utils.positional(2)
[docs] def iter_query(self, query, callback=None, pass_batch_into_callback=None, options=None): return self.map_query(query, callback=callback, options=options, pass_batch_into_callback=pass_batch_into_callback, merge_future=tasklets.SerialQueueFuture())
@tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def transaction(self, callback, **ctx_options): # Will invoke callback() one or more times with the default # context set to a new, transactional Context. Returns a Future. # Callback may be a tasklet; in that case it will be waited on. options = _make_ctx_options(ctx_options, TransactionOptions) propagation = TransactionOptions.propagation(options) if propagation is None: propagation = TransactionOptions.NESTED parent = self if propagation == TransactionOptions.NESTED: if self.in_transaction(): raise datastore_errors.BadRequestError( 'Nested transactions are not supported.') elif propagation == TransactionOptions.MANDATORY: if not self.in_transaction(): raise datastore_errors.BadRequestError( 'Requires an existing transaction.') result = callback() if isinstance(result, tasklets.Future): result = yield result raise tasklets.Return(result) elif propagation == TransactionOptions.ALLOWED: if self.in_transaction(): result = callback() if isinstance(result, tasklets.Future): result = yield result raise tasklets.Return(result) elif propagation == TransactionOptions.INDEPENDENT: while parent.in_transaction(): parent = parent._parent_context if parent is None: raise datastore_errors.BadRequestError( 'Context without non-transactional ancestor') else: raise datastore_errors.BadArgumentError( 'Invalid propagation value (%s).' % (propagation,)) app = TransactionOptions.app(options) or key_module._DefaultAppId() # Note: zero retries means try it once. retries = TransactionOptions.retries(options) if retries is None: retries = 3 yield parent.flush() for _ in xrange(1 + max(0, retries)): transaction = yield parent._conn.async_begin_transaction(options, app) tconn = datastore_rpc.TransactionalConnection( adapter=parent._conn.adapter, config=parent._conn.config, transaction=transaction, _api_version=parent._conn._api_version) tctx = parent.__class__(conn=tconn, auto_batcher_class=parent._auto_batcher_class, parent_context=parent) tctx._old_ds_conn = datastore._GetConnection() ok = False try: # Copy memcache policies. Note that get() will never use # memcache in a transaction, but put and delete should do their # memcache thing (which is to mark the key as deleted for # _LOCK_TIME seconds). Also note that the in-process cache and # datastore policies keep their default (on) state. tctx.set_memcache_policy(parent.get_memcache_policy()) tctx.set_memcache_timeout_policy(parent.get_memcache_timeout_policy()) tasklets.set_context(tctx) datastore._SetConnection(tconn) # For taskqueue coordination try: try: result = callback() if isinstance(result, tasklets.Future): result = yield result finally: yield tctx.flush() except GeneratorExit: raise except Exception: t, e, tb = sys.exc_info() tconn.async_rollback(options) # Fire and forget. if issubclass(t, datastore_errors.Rollback): # TODO: Raise value using tasklets.get_return_value(t)? return else: raise t, e, tb else: ok = yield tconn.async_commit(options) if ok: parent._cache.update(tctx._cache) yield parent._clear_memcache(tctx._cache) raise tasklets.Return(result) # The finally clause will run the on-commit queue. finally: datastore._SetConnection(tctx._old_ds_conn) del tctx._old_ds_conn if ok: # Call the callbacks collected in the transaction context's # on-commit queue. If the transaction failed the queue is # abandoned. We must do this after the connection has been # restored, but we can't do it after the for-loop because we # leave it by raising tasklets.Return(). for on_commit_callback in tctx._on_commit_queue: on_commit_callback() # This better not raise. # Out of retries raise datastore_errors.TransactionFailedError( 'The transaction could not be committed. Please try again.')
[docs] def in_transaction(self): """Return whether a transaction is currently active.""" return isinstance(self._conn, datastore_rpc.TransactionalConnection)
[docs] def call_on_commit(self, callback): """Call a callback upon successful commit of a transaction. If not in a transaction, the callback is called immediately. In a transaction, multiple callbacks may be registered and will be called once the transaction commits, in the order in which they were registered. If the transaction fails, the callbacks will not be called. If the callback raises an exception, it bubbles up normally. This means: If the callback is called immediately, any exception it raises will bubble up immediately. If the call is postponed until commit, remaining callbacks will be skipped and the exception will bubble up through the transaction() call. (However, the transaction is already committed at that point.) """ if not self.in_transaction(): callback() else: self._on_commit_queue.append(callback)
[docs] def clear_cache(self): """Clears the in-memory cache. NOTE: This does not affect memcache. """ self._cache.clear()
@tasklets.tasklet def _clear_memcache(self, keys): keys = set(key for key in keys if self._use_memcache(key)) futures = [] for key in keys: mkey = self._memcache_prefix + key.urlsafe() ns = key.namespace() fut = self.memcache_delete(mkey, namespace=ns) futures.append(fut) yield futures @tasklets.tasklet def _memcache_get_tasklet(self, todo, options): if not todo: raise RuntimeError('Nothing to do.') for_cas, namespace, deadline = options keys = set() for unused_fut, key in todo: keys.add(key) rpc = memcache.create_rpc(deadline=deadline) results = yield self._memcache.get_multi_async(keys, for_cas=for_cas, namespace=namespace, rpc=rpc) for fut, key in todo: fut.set_result(results.get(key)) @tasklets.tasklet def _memcache_set_tasklet(self, todo, options): if not todo: raise RuntimeError('Nothing to do.') opname, time, namespace, deadline = options methodname = opname + '_multi_async' method = getattr(self._memcache, methodname) mapping = {} for unused_fut, (key, value) in todo: mapping[key] = value rpc = memcache.create_rpc(deadline=deadline) results = yield method(mapping, time=time, namespace=namespace, rpc=rpc) for fut, (key, unused_value) in todo: if results is None: status = memcache.MemcacheSetResponse.ERROR else: status = results.get(key) fut.set_result(status == memcache.MemcacheSetResponse.STORED) @tasklets.tasklet def _memcache_del_tasklet(self, todo, options): if not todo: raise RuntimeError('Nothing to do.') seconds, namespace, deadline = options keys = set() for unused_fut, key in todo: keys.add(key) rpc = memcache.create_rpc(deadline=deadline) statuses = yield self._memcache.delete_multi_async(keys, seconds=seconds, namespace=namespace, rpc=rpc) status_key_mapping = {} if statuses: # On network error, statuses is None. for key, status in zip(keys, statuses): status_key_mapping[key] = status for fut, key in todo: status = status_key_mapping.get(key, memcache.DELETE_NETWORK_FAILURE) fut.set_result(status) @tasklets.tasklet def _memcache_off_tasklet(self, todo, options): if not todo: raise RuntimeError('Nothing to do.') initial_value, namespace, deadline = options mapping = {} # {key: delta} for unused_fut, (key, delta) in todo: mapping[key] = delta rpc = memcache.create_rpc(deadline=deadline) results = yield self._memcache.offset_multi_async( mapping, initial_value=initial_value, namespace=namespace, rpc=rpc) for fut, (key, unused_delta) in todo: fut.set_result(results.get(key))
[docs] def memcache_get(self, key, for_cas=False, namespace=None, use_cache=False, deadline=None): """An auto-batching wrapper for memcache.get() or .get_multi(). Args: key: Key to set. This must be a string; no prefix is applied. for_cas: If True, request and store CAS ids on the Context. namespace: Optional namespace. deadline: Optional deadline for the RPC. Returns: A Future (!) whose return value is the value retrieved from memcache, or None. """ if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(for_cas, bool): raise TypeError('for_cas must be a bool; received %r' % for_cas) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() options = (for_cas, namespace, deadline) batcher = self._memcache_get_batcher if use_cache: return batcher.add_once(key, options) else: return batcher.add(key, options)
# XXX: Docstrings below.
[docs] def memcache_gets(self, key, namespace=None, use_cache=False, deadline=None): return self.memcache_get(key, for_cas=True, namespace=namespace, use_cache=use_cache, deadline=deadline)
[docs] def memcache_set(self, key, value, time=0, namespace=None, use_cache=False, deadline=None): if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(time, (int, long)): raise TypeError('time must be a number; received %r' % time) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() options = ('set', time, namespace, deadline) batcher = self._memcache_set_batcher if use_cache: return batcher.add_once((key, value), options) else: return batcher.add((key, value), options)
[docs] def memcache_add(self, key, value, time=0, namespace=None, deadline=None): if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(time, (int, long)): raise TypeError('time must be a number; received %r' % time) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() return self._memcache_set_batcher.add((key, value), ('add', time, namespace, deadline))
[docs] def memcache_replace(self, key, value, time=0, namespace=None, deadline=None): if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(time, (int, long)): raise TypeError('time must be a number; received %r' % time) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() options = ('replace', time, namespace, deadline) return self._memcache_set_batcher.add((key, value), options)
[docs] def memcache_cas(self, key, value, time=0, namespace=None, deadline=None): if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(time, (int, long)): raise TypeError('time must be a number; received %r' % time) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() return self._memcache_set_batcher.add((key, value), ('cas', time, namespace, deadline))
[docs] def memcache_delete(self, key, seconds=0, namespace=None, deadline=None): if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(seconds, (int, long)): raise TypeError('seconds must be a number; received %r' % seconds) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() return self._memcache_del_batcher.add(key, (seconds, namespace, deadline))
[docs] def memcache_incr(self, key, delta=1, initial_value=None, namespace=None, deadline=None): if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(delta, (int, long)): raise TypeError('delta must be a number; received %r' % delta) if initial_value is not None and not isinstance(initial_value, (int, long)): raise TypeError('initial_value must be a number or None; received %r' % initial_value) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() return self._memcache_off_batcher.add((key, delta), (initial_value, namespace, deadline))
[docs] def memcache_decr(self, key, delta=1, initial_value=None, namespace=None, deadline=None): if not isinstance(key, basestring): raise TypeError('key must be a string; received %r' % key) if not isinstance(delta, (int, long)): raise TypeError('delta must be a number; received %r' % delta) if initial_value is not None and not isinstance(initial_value, (int, long)): raise TypeError('initial_value must be a number or None; received %r' % initial_value) if namespace is None: namespace = namespace_manager.get_namespace() return self._memcache_off_batcher.add((key, -delta), (initial_value, namespace, deadline))
@tasklets.tasklet
[docs] def urlfetch(self, url, payload=None, method='GET', headers={}, allow_truncated=False, follow_redirects=True, validate_certificate=None, deadline=None, callback=None): rpc = urlfetch.create_rpc(deadline=deadline, callback=callback) urlfetch.make_fetch_call(rpc, url, payload=payload, method=method, headers=headers, allow_truncated=allow_truncated, follow_redirects=follow_redirects, validate_certificate=validate_certificate) result = yield rpc raise tasklets.Return(result)

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