Google Cloud APIs are programmatic interfaces to Google Cloud Platform services. They are a key part of Google Cloud Platform, allowing you to easily add the power of everything from computing to networking to storage to machine-learning-based data analysis to your applications.
About Cloud APIs
Cloud APIs are exposed as network API services to customers, such as
Cloud Pub/Sub API. Each Cloud API typically runs on one or more
googleapis.com, such as
pubsub.googleapis.com, and provides
both JSON HTTP and gRPC interfaces to clients over public internet and
Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) networks. Clients can send HTTP and gRPC
requests to Cloud API endpoints directly or by using client libraries.
To see available Cloud APIs, see Google Cloud APIs in the Google Cloud console API Library.
Accessing Cloud APIs
You can access Cloud APIs from server applications with our client libraries in many popular programming languages, from mobile apps via the Firebase SDKs, or by using third-party clients. You can also access Cloud APIs with the Google Cloud CLI tools or Google Cloud console.
If you are new to Cloud APIs, see Getting Started on how to use Cloud APIs.
Supporting HTTP and gRPC
All Cloud APIs provide a simple JSON HTTP interface that you can call directly or via Google API Client Libraries. Most Cloud APIs also provide a gRPC interface you can call via Google Cloud Client Libraries, which provide better performance and usability. You can also use third-party clients.
For more information about our client libraries, see Client Libraries Explained.
All Cloud APIs accept only secure requests using TLS encryption.
- If you are using one of our client libraries, in-transit encryption is handled for you by the library.
- If you are using your own gRPC client, you need to authenticate with Google (which requires TLS) following the instructions in the gRPC authentication guide.
- If you are creating your own HTTP client, see our HTTP guidelines.
You can find out more about how traffic to Google Cloud services is secured in our Encryption in Transit security guide.
Private Service Connect
Enterprise customers often want to access Cloud APIs privately for security and compliance reasons. You can use Private Service Connect to set up and manage such access within your VPC networks.
For more information, see Configuring Private Service Connect.
API Design Guide
Regardless of the interface type, all Cloud APIs use resource-oriented design principles as described in our API Design Guide, which ensures Cloud APIs to have a simple and consistent developer experience. You can reference our API Design Guide to have a better understanding of Cloud APIs.
If you want to study the interface definition of Cloud APIs, you can visit the Google APIs repository on GitHub.
Capping your usage
Cloud APIs are shared among millions of developers and users. To ensure fair usage and minimize abuse risks, all Cloud APIs are enforcing rate limits and resource quotas on usage, commonly known as quotas. You can also use these quotas to control your spending on Google Cloud products by reducing your own quota limits. If you need more quotas than the default limits, you need to file quota increase requests.
For more information, see Capping API usage.
Monitoring your usage
Most Cloud APIs provide you with detailed information on your project's usage of that API, including traffic levels, error rates, and latencies. It helps you to quickly triage problems with applications that use Cloud APIs. You can view this information in the Google Cloud API Dashboard in the Google Cloud console. You can also create custom dashboards and alerts in Cloud Monitoring.
For more information, see Monitoring API usage.
Google Enterprise APIs
Google Enterprise APIs are high-stability APIs, ready for enterprise use with support options available.
For more information, see Google Enterprise APIs.
Try it for yourself
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